Attached is what we started and cant seem to meet their standards. **Case Studies Section – CHANGES required • With regard to your client’s preliminary information, you did not sufficiently discuss your required professional responsibilities as a trainer to safely analyze the needs of a client before starting an exercise program. Please refer to Unit 12 and the fitness assessments in Unit 13. • With regards to your program design, both programs were strikingly similar to programs found on other sites such as Bodybuilding.com. Also, need to provide a more in-depth explanation or validation behind the different aspects of your program, including any resistance training, cardiovascular training, or flexibility training in your case studies. Please refer to Units 14, 15 and 16 to address these requirements. • With regards to your nutrition, you need to provide a more comprehensive nutritional strategy for each client specific to their particular dietary needs. We would like for you to go beyond simply stating the clients’ BMR/DCE or their required daily protein, carbohydrate and fat requirements, but to explain your reasoning behind your calculations as well. Review Units 18-20 in your text book. • In addition, for these case studies make sure you provide a definitive connection between your initial evaluation, the assessments you chose, the actual exercise program design, the nutrition strategy, and how each aspect will most effectively assist them in achieving their goal(s). ISSA Case Study Step-by-Step The following is a step by step guide on how to most effectively address your Case Study response… With regards to the question in your case studies discussing initial assessment and evaluation…In this particular question, it specifically asks you to discuss fitness tests and methods of evaluation that should be used to assess the client. What you first want to consider prior to starting any kind of physical training is to address the following: - professional responsibilities (eg: establishing medical clearance from a physician, establishing your fees and pricing and establishing what your clients goals are throughout the training program. You can find this information in Unit 12 of your textbook. - methods of assessment testing (ex: body composition test, flexibility tests such as the sit and reach, strength and cardiovascular endurance and muscular endurance tests that include your 1 Rep Max tests for upper body and lower body, the 12 minute run/ walk test and the 1 minute sit up and push up tests. You can find this information in Unit 13, starting on page 371 in your textbook.Ensure that you explain what assessment tests you choose and why you have chosen these specific assessment tests. Regarding the question asking you to include specific training protocol, it specifically asks you to provide a detailed, comprehensive, 12 week periodized training program including sets, repetitions and exercises. - To assist you in creating an effective program, you will first need to take into account your client’s baseline assessments. To clarify, after you determine the one repetition maximum of this client’s upper body and lower body, you should have a better idea of where to begin in terms of resistance (weight) as well as how many sets and repetitions would be most appropriate for them. If you were to determine say, that your client is a beginner, the general rule would be to start them off at a lower level of intensity and volume, something similar to 1-2 sets and 12 repetitions per exercise. You might also want to recommend a program that addresses that full body in each session at the onset of the program in order to build a solid foundation in which to build on as your client continues to progress. You want to ensure that each client is working at a level that is commensurate with their abilities as well as their objectives. - In your periodized program, you are going to split up the client’s recommended training program into mesocycles. For example, Weeks 1-3, Weeks 4-7, Weeks 8-12. For each mesocycle, you are to design an exercise program that is based on the client’s goals and abilities. Typically, throughout a periodized program you start with lower sets and higher repetitions and by the end of your program or the 12th week, the program should show definitive progression in terms of increased sets and possibly decreased repetitions as resistance should increase. In addition, exercises should become increasingly advanced and more specific to the client’s objectives. For example, if one of your client’s primary objectives is increasing lean muscle mass, by the last mesocycle (weeks 8-12) you would be designing a program directly correlated to that primary objective. - As long as your program improves from weeks 1-12 and includes various exercises, sets and repetitions, there is not necessarily one ‘right answer,’ and therefore is also not one particular ‘wrong answer’ as there are many ways in which to achieve an end goal. In addition, you will need to provide some level of rationale and explanation for your program recommendation. This will allow for us to take a ‘peek behind the curtain’ of your thought process so to speak…and will provide us with validation of your full comprehension of the course material and ability to use it in a functional setting. You will do just fine. As for the concept of periodization, I might suggest that you review Units 14, 15 and 16 in your textbook which all delve into the broad scope of program development. Regarding the section asking for you to discuss nutritional/dietary strategies, it specifically asks for you to discuss nutritional strategies and supplement recommendations. - as to your nutrition response(s), essentially what we look for is that you utilize the BMR (which you calculated at the onset of the case study) as well as the Daily Caloric Requirement (DCR) so as to determine the client’s recommended daily intake based on their primary goals and energy needs. So you’ll want to consider what the total amount of calories this client is going to need if he/she is training this much for one week. Therefore if you have a client training 3 days/week, you will want to calculate how many calories he is going to need for that increased activity, etc. In addition, you can use one of the nutritional strategies thoroughly explained in the textbook including the 1, 2, 3 macronutrient breakdown or the zig-zag approach. - You can find this information and more great info in Units 17, 18, 19, 20 and beyond. Essentially, for your overall programming, each section needs to be thoroughly thought out and explained in detail and with personal analysis included. It is up to you as to how you would like to design your program and as long as you provide a detailed program that includes appropriate exercises, both from the textbook and/or from outside resources if you prefer as well. This is a chance for you to use your creativity and to show us that you can design a long term program for a client. As well, if you get stuck on what exercises to use, you can visit our website on issatrainer.com and under the ‘resources’ tab…or on issatrainer.com (member’s page) under the ‘study aids’ link, we have detailed exercise resources available to you that include a data base of many exercises to choose from. This is a fair amount of information and advice, so if you go over each part carefully when you are completing your case studies, you should do just fine. Please read each part carefully and continued good luck to you!!! Case Study Question: Diana is a 37-year-old mother of 2 children. She used to exercise fairly consistently (mostly jogging and light aerobic activities) before having kids. Ever since she had her first child 9 years ago, she has not been very active. Diana has her 20-year high school reunion coming up in 3 months (12 weeks). She would like to look and feel her best and is eager and willing to spend the next 12 weeks doing what she can to change her body. Client Calculations ï‚· Using the information above, calculate the client's BMR and DCR ï‚· Calculate the client's Target Heart Rate using the Karvonen formula (you will determine the appropriate target heart rate for this client given the information gathered in the initial assessment and evaluation) Include the following in your case study submission: ï‚· A description of your professional responsibilities as discussed in the stages of the drawing-in process (Unit 12) ï‚· Discussion of any fitness tests, methods of evaluation, and data collection used to assess and evaluate the client's needs. ï‚· Explanation for your recommendations and any specific conditions presented by your client that are found in the evaluation. (Be sure to reference course concepts when discussing rationale for your recommendations.) ï‚· A detailed 12-week comprehensive and periodized training program including specific exercises, sets, repetitions, suggested rest times, etc. Use an integrated approach in your program recommendations. ï‚· Specific and detailed nutritional strategies with explanation as to how they will assist the client in meeting energy needs throughout the training program and achieving intended goal(s). Keep in mind that a client should be able to take your program and put it into practice without having to contact you to clarify what you intended by your recommendations, or to explain parts of your program. Include an explanation for WHY you listed and recommended what you did. Reference the concepts and theories covered in the course. Be sure to address why the program and exercises recommended are appropriate for the specific client given client history, current abilities, and intended goal(s). For example: if you are developing a program for a beginner client without any resistance training experience, explain how your program addresses the lack of experience, initial need for foundational development, process by which you would safely progress the client, etc. Tying your program to course concepts is a critical component of your case study.