Format: Your analysis is to be a scholarly essay that surveys and critically reports on both the popular / professional and the academic literature in your chosen topic area. It must be presented in essay format and should be a synthesis of the literature. You must read widely and draw your literature search from a broad range of sources from the list above. As indicated above, the reading list for this unit is a good starting point for your literature review. The reference section at the end of the appropriate chapter in your text similarly provides a good starting point. Introduction • Clearly state your essay objectives and scope • Relevance and importance of the chosen topic area • Define key concept/s Discussion • Discuss a specific issue or aspect by using appropriate and real-life information to support key points. Identify key issues and gaps in research. • Be able to discuss OB’s role in the management of the issue. • Critically analyse and compare commentary findings from both professional articles and academic articles relevant to the issue or topic. • Identification of future issues and research directions. • Cite your sources using APA in text referencing. Conclusion • Summarise key points drawn from your essay References • At least 2-3 popular or professional articles, i.e. newspapers, online reviews or magazines such as HR Leader or HR Monthly • Minimum of 15 academic articles , i.e. -Monographs (books) - Academic articles on the Library’s Databases • - Conference proceedings - Empirical studies (usually reported in journal articles and monographs) - Government reports and reports from other major bodies - Historical records - Statistical information • Use APA referencing style; alphabetise your sources Diversity in Organizations Chapter 2 After studying this chapter, you should be able to: Describe the two major forms of workforce diversity. Recognize stereotypes and understand how they function in organizational settings. Identify the key biographical characteristics and describe how they are relevant to OB. Define intellectual ability and demonstrate its relevance to OB. Contrast intellectual and physical ability. Describe how organizations manage diversity effectively The Two Major Forms of Workforce Diversity: Diversity Management Surface Level Diversity Deep Level Diversity Stereotypes and How They Function in Organizational SettingsStereotypes and How They Function in Organizational Settings Discrimination is to note a difference between things. Unfair discrimination assumes stereotypes about groups. â—¦ Refusal to recognize individual differences is harmful to organizations and employees. Stereotypes and How They Function in Organizational Settings Biographical Characteristics and How They Are Relevant to OB Biological characteristics are personal characteristics that are objective and easily obtained from personnel records. â—¦ Variations in these can be the basis for discrimination Age â—¦ The U.S. workforce is aging. â—¦ Does job performance decline with increasing age? â—¦ Studies show that turnover and absenteeism rates are lower among older workers, and age is not associated with lower productivity.