To give u more explanation or idea what is all about we send the classmate submitted assignment pls dont copy word to word because of turnitin TASK 4 You are required to evaluate methods of resolving a conflict of interests to ensure the future wellbeing of a developing tourism destination with reference to hotel industry and the wildlife-based tourism in the Okavango Delta Botswana, and analyse the implications of balancing supply and demand with reference to Okavango Delta Botswana. Finally, evaluate the moral and ethical issues of enclave tourism in the Okavango Delta Botswana. Use two research papers provided to answer the questions (both will be uploaded on your e-learning). Mbaiwa, J.E. (2005) ‘Enclave tourism and its socio-economic impacts in the Okavango Delta, Botswana’, Tourism Management, Vol. 26 (2): 157–72. Mbaiwa J. E. (2011) ‘Hotel companies, poverty and sustainable tourism in the Okavango Delta, Botswana’, World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, Vol. 7 (1): 47-58. Address the case study for the purpose (soft copy on e-learning) and answer the following (approx. 800 words) 4. Understand current issues related to tourism development planning P4.1 Evaluate methods of resolving a conflict of interests to ensure the future wellbeing of a developing tourism destination such as Okavango Delta Botswana. P 4.2 Analyse the implications of balancing supply and demand with reference to the Okavango Delta Botswana case study. P 4.3 Evaluate the moral and ethical issues of enclave tourism in the Okavango Delta Botswana case study. Task 5 Choose one developing country from Thailand, Nepal or Vietnam, Jordan and one from an emerging destination such as Brazil, India, Russia or China, Hungary, Qatar, or Bulgaria. You are required to compare current issues associated with tourism development in a developing country and an emerging destination where the socio-cultural, environmental and economic impacts of tourism are different and evaluate, with recommendations, the future development of tourism in these chosen destinations. Address the case scenario for the purpose (soft copy on e-learning) and answer the following (approx. 700 words) 5. Understand the socio-cultural, environmental and economic impacts of tourism in developing countries and emerging destinations P5.1 - Compare current issues associated with tourism development in a developing country and an emerging destination where the impacts of tourism are different P5.2 – Evaluate, with recommendations, the future development of tourism in these chosen destinations. (my class mate submitted assignment) as follows Task 4: Understand current issues related to tourism development planning P4.1 Evaluate methods of resolving a conflict of interests to ensure the future wellbeing of a developing tourism destination such as Okavango Delta Botswana In accordance to the information available in the provided article, it is observed that Okavango Delta is a part of Botswana of South Africa and had become a popular tourist destination because of its rich biodiversity. The Delta had become one of the most preferable locations as enclave tourism with an estimated number of 50,000 visits per year. This location has been enlisted as one of the exotic destinations of the world. In spite of the presence of huge business potential of this Delta with promising results in tourism business there are a number of issue that are responsible for creation of conflict of interest (Mbaiwa, 2011). Factors like excessive penetration of the foreign owned hotel organization may adversely affected the benefits of the local shareholders; excessive land use for tourism purpose had affected the local agriculture resulting in degradation of the rural economy (Moufakkir and Burns, 2012). Implementation of various policies and reform approaches has been initiated in order to assure better livelihood of the local residents of Okavango Delta. The introduction of Tourism Policy of 1990 can be considered to be a step taken to promote high-cost low-volume tourism in order to improve the financial situation of the nation. The primary objective for the introduction of this policy is to promote sustainable tourism. As a part of reform this policy implemented high charge for using the public amenities (Mbaiwa, 2005). This approach resulted in accumulation of only the high-spending tourist and the other segment was automatically eliminated. Reduced congestion of tourist in the Okavango Delta subsequently faded the negative impacts of excessive tourism and at present required land is available for the local residents to practice agriculture. This approach directly boosted the economic situation of the local residents. P 4.2 Analyse the implications of balancing supply and demand with reference to the Okavango Delta Botswana case study. Citing the articles provided with respect to the Okavango Delta, Botswana case study, it is justified to state that although this region is a home of diverse ranges of fauna and flora the development of enclave tourism had created a negative impact on the local inhabitants of that particular region. The wildlife is also disturbed in this regard. In order to address the issue of supply and demand process of this region it is essential to highlight that there is no proper establishment of balance between supply and demand in this context. The implementation of the Tourism Policy of 1990 may have partly addressed the issue but reforms are still required in this aspect. Uncontrolled penetration of the foreign business market for establishment of enclave tourism in Okavango Delta of Botswana had produced prominent adverse effects on the local population (Mbaiwa, 2005). The main aspect of demand of tourism in this regard is the rich biodiversity of the Okavango Delta. Considering the supply of services in tourism it may be stated the presence of huge number of hotel out of which 53.7% are owned by foreign international resulting creation of 79.0% of foreign impact on the enclave tourism business of Okavango Delta, Botswana. Hence the imbalance visible in term of demand and supply had severely affected both the tourism business and also the life of the local population (Mbaiwa, 2011). P 4.3 Evaluate the moral and ethical issues of enclave tourism in the Okavango Delta Botswana case study. In order to address this particular question it is initially essential to understand the concept of enclave tourism. The concept of enclave tourism represent a tourism location whereby the tourist are confined to a remote location wherein without travelling for long distances the tourist may get to experience that particular place. The concept of enclave tourism is one of the most demanding aspects of travel and tourism business wherein the tourist generally pays a high amount. Although enclave tourism has various good aspects but there are a number of ethical and moral considerations present along with enclave tourism. Citing the case of tourism in the Okavango Delta it may be stated that too much of tourist congestion had resulted in the heavy penetration of hotel and resort business groups of international origin. This had subsequently created an impact on the tourism business of the local residents (Mbaiwa, 2005). As the normal population of Okavango Delta are dependent on agriculture for the daily livelihood the presence of wildlife based enclave tourism had considerably reduced the land accessibility by the local people for practising agriculture. Major portion of this delta had been utilized for the development of national parks, game reserves and had reduced the opportunity for local residents to use the land for other purposes. The introduction of huge number of boats in the water body of this delta had disturbed the wild habitat and as a consequence the hippos and crocodiles had moved out in the Xakanaxa lagoon. The improper management of waste water had resulted in high level of water pollution with the toxic blooms of Microcystic species. Excessive amount of garbage accumulation had severely affected the natural environment of the Okavango Delta. It is also observed that 70% of the revenue generated for tourism is repatriated outside the nation. Hence the local residents are the victims of the above mentioned facts. The poverty of the local population is also not improved with the introduction of enclave tourism business in the Okavango Delta region (Mbaiwa, 2011). Task 5. Understand the socio-cultural, environmental and economic impacts of tourism in developing countries and emerging destinations P5.1 - Compare current issues associated with tourism development in a developing country and an emerging destination where the impacts of tourism are different In the developing countries like Nepal there are a variety of issues that affect the tourism development such as, socio-cultural, environmental and economic impacts of tourism. It is the impeccable natural resources that attract people from different countries to Nepal. As far as the economic impact of tourism in Nepal is concerned, it created job opportunity, as a large number of employees are recruited in the hotel as well as in the tourism sector, the sector also help in attracting foreign investment, and this boosts the economic condition of the nation (Banskola, 2008). Foreign investment and boost in domestic income also help in improving the living standard of people and leads to profitable growth of Nepal. Socio-cultural issues such as the social structure and tradition of Nepal is also influenced by the tourism decisions. Through tourism people from two different cultures meet and evolve in appositive way through exchange of views and sharing of values. Tourism also plays a key role in restoring environment. Eco the serenity of nature and enjoy the heavenly bliss. Nepal was one of the first destinations to improvise the eco-tourism services with natural healing facilities like spa, vedic yoga and naturopathy -tourism has evolved lately to encourage tourists to enjoy a healing experience amidst after China (Becken, 2011). Thus in an innovative way the Nepal tourism has planned to boost the country’s financial condition by attracting foreign investment through tourism business. There is a rarely discussed aspect of socio-cultural attribute that impact on the developing country is the crime and gambling. Gambling is a key way of earning international revenue in a strategic way and that help in improving the economic condition of the state of Nepal. Hence, tourists are encouraged to play at the casino with few free tickets initially. While such a strategy encourages tourists to indulge into fun and entertainment they spend lavishly in Nepal. As for tourism in emerging destinations like India is concerned, issues like communication, adequate commuting services impact on the tourism sector. In the emerging sector it is first essential to build roads and proper transportation for proper connection with the airport or railway station. It is the responsibility of the system, the government to encourage tourism and attract international tourists to earn foreign revenue. Besides this it would create job opportunity and also help in promoting the local art and aesthetics to the international platform through tourists (Mak, 2004). Local artworks could be easily sold to the tourists and thus it travel around the world and reaches global platform. Besides this the tourism affects environment in a severe way. Wastes from hotel pollute the weather severely. Both vegetative and non-vegetative wastes are released on daily basis which pollutes water and air and create an unhealthy environment for breathing (Banskola, 2008). These are the key ways in which the tourism impacts on emerging countries. P5.2 – Evaluate, with recommendations, the future development of tourism in these chosen destinations. Both in India and Nepal there are endless scope for developing tourism in the coming years and boost the economic condition of the country by encouraging foreign investment through attractive tourism plan. Firstly, the Himalayan nations are famous for the natural beauty, glacier and un-conquest highest peaks of the world. National parks, rich majestic heritage, flora and fauna, snow-capped mountain, snow-fed rivers, adventurous spectacular trekking route, mindboggling lakes and serene charm of natural life are welcoming to people from far and wide. It is already an exceptionally attractive location for rock climbers, hence the tourism could be focussed on adventure seekers and new trekking routes could be developed for mountaineers (Gössling et al. 2010). The pleasant weather and warm culture are forever welcoming for international tourists. Secondly: the government of both the destination countries should focus on festival and cultural tourism. There are countless festivals in Indian and Nepal alone has 125 ethnic groups where people could successfully communicate in 123 different languages and resides amid unity in diversity. Festivities offer a scope to the tourists to mingle with the local culture and spend during the festival in local fair and boost the cottage industries. Thirdly, spiritual tourism is another option which could be launched in the Himalayan belt. Tourists love to explore pilgrimage destinations. For example while Nepal has countless ancient spiritual or tourism sites such as Pashupatinath temple, Swayambhunath temple etc (Khan, 2008). Fourthly, city tourism could be aimed at by the Indian government. First branding of the metro cities thorough city branding activities and then attract tourists from far and wide by creating value. While Himalayas nurture natural beauty, the city tourism should be strategically planned by focussing on its art, architecture and cultural activities so that exchange of values happen in a defined manner. Fifthly, nature of tourism will be profitable for both the emerging and developing country. With the presence of diverse type of natural aspects of wildlife and attractive wildlife such as red-panda, snow leopard musk deer etc (Page, 2007). Thus Nepal could easily focus on nature tourism.