country
$20 Bonus + 25% OFF
Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now!
Add File

Error goes here

Enantiomers And Tetrahedral Carbon: Explain With Examples

Referencing Styles : Harvard | Pages : 3

Enantiomers: Taking the understanding for the chemical compositions as represented in chemistry, has been regarded as an integral part of the stereoisomers, mostly one amongst the two, that usually can be found to be posing as the mirror images of each other. However, these mirror images would not be the exact mirror images as both of the structures would not be identical to each other. The enantiomers are actually chiral molecules. The molecules cannot be superimposed on one another. This means that these molecules are not possible to be placed on top of each other for providing the same molecules. Even with the process of reorientation, still the chiral atoms for the enantiomers cannot be made to appear as identical ones. The member of each of the pair in an enantiomer can be represented by the term enantiomorph, that usually translated to the word “opposite form”. The multiple features of the chiral molecules are presented in the enantiomers as the compound helps in the rise in the structure for the geometric forms and with this structure, there are few forms in the geometric representations that might include the possibility of the mirror image pairs.

Example: If taken as an example, the following molecules are considered,

It can be seen the molecules are the exact mirror images. However, in any case, both these molecules cannot be superimposed to each other. This is because, if one of the molecules is to be flipped towards the right by 180 degrees for the chlorine molecules to be aligned, then it can be found that the stereochemistry becomes different since it is clearly visible that the chlorine in one molecule becomes dashed and in the other molecule it becomes wedged. Therefore, the above-mentioned figure as described in the above diagram can surely be presented as enantiomers as the molecules are in the Wedged Dash notation.

Tetrahedral carbon: Tetrahedral carbon is mostly a carbon atom that has four hands or attachments having approximate bond angles represented by the angular distance of 109.5 degrees. The name tetrahedral carbon is derived since the shape that the carbon atom makes with its four attachments usually forms a structure that resembles the shape of a tetrahedron, which is a face that has all its faces as almost equilateral triangles. It can also be found that the carbon atoms achieve the required geometry according to its shape and figure by using the sp3 orbitals. The carbon atoms with its four hands and regarded as a tetrahedral carbon can also be called to form a stereo centre when the four hand or the four attachments of the carbon atoms appear be different than each other.  There have been various methods regarded for the tetrahedral carbons as well for the relevance of the valence bonds of the carbon atom angles formed in the figure.

Example: One of the primary examples of the tetrahedral carbon can be considered as the Pentane compound that happens to contain four tetrahedral compounds one after another. In the Pentane compound, the tetrahedral carbons can also be represented in the form of the wedge dash projection. The carbons of the Pentane compound help in the bonding of the neighbouring atoms and therefore it consequently bonds with three different neighbours as a whole, forming over a trigonal planar.

Difference between an enantiomer and a diastereomer: In organic chemistry, there are various concepts developed for establishing the form of the differences between an enantiomer and a diastereomer. Understanding the clear concept of stereochemistry, the difference between an enantiomer and a diastereomer can easily be established. The simple concepts to find out the difference between an enantiomer and a diastereomer can be established with the formulated ideas. Following would be the differences as per the concepts developed in stereochemistry:

  • There is a developed concept in stereochemistry that the availability of the stereoisomers is only possible if the molecules are found to be chiral. There are mostly two different types of stereoisomers found in organic chemistry, that clearly puts forward the idea of an enantiomer and a diastereomer.
  • Where enantiomers can be considered for containing the chiral centres, these have to be both mirror images and non-superimposable to each other. The enantiomers only have to appear in pairs.
  • On the other hand, the diastereomers happen to occur in the centres of this chiral which is non-superimposable in nature, however, on the other hand, they cannot be mirror images to each other. Which simply mean that the chiral centres have the ability to contain more than 2 diastereomers based on the number of stereo centres each of the diastereomers possess.
  • One of the easiest ways to identify the difference between enantiomers and diastereomers is by identifying the chiral centres and the stereoisomers in the molecules. The most important task in this is to identify if the combination of an enantiomer and a diastereomer has 2 chiral centres and 4 stereoisomers. If these are found to be in place, then the exact opposites of the molecules can be regarded as the enantiomers and the molecule with only one different stereo centre can be regarded as the diastereomers.

Four types of tetrahedral carbons: The four types of the tetrahedral carbons can be identified as the acyclic hydrocarbons, monocyclic hydrocarbons, fused polycyclic hydrocarbons and the bridged hydrocarbons.

Wedge and broken line structures: The wedge and broken line structure contains tow chiral carbon atoms are not representing any particular structure that may be regarded as the structure not being identical even being mirror images. Therefore, it can clearly be said that the structure is mirror imaged and identical in nature, therefore, the structure can not be represented as a pair on enantiomers. These can not be represented as diastereomers as well, since the chiral carbon atoms of a wedge and broken line structure is usually represented as a proper structure that is both identical and appear as mirror images to each other. Therefore, the wedge and broken line structure can not be represented as an enantiomer or a diastereomer as it is both identical and appear as mirror images when represented.

Solutions

OR

MyAssignmenthelp.com is a one-stop solution for all students who need live homework help. Our experts work round the clock to provide best quality homework help. We boast separate groups of experts for providing Algebra homework help, calculus homework, English homework help, accounting homework help, finance homework help, etc. Hence, we best cater to searches like can someone do my homework or can anyone help me on my homework.

Save Time & improve Grade

Just share requirement and get customized Solution.

watch
question
We will use e-mail only for:

arrow Communication regarding your orders

arrow To send you invoices, and other billing info

arrow To provide you with information of offers and other benefits

Add File

Error goes here

1,545,967

Orders

4.9/5

Overall Rating

5,108

Experts

Our Amazing Features

delivery

On Time Delivery

Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.

work

Plagiarism Free Work

Using reliable plagiarism detection software, Turnitin.com.We only provide customized 100 percent original papers.

time

24 X 7 Live Help

Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat. If you are unable to calculate word count online, ask our customer executives.

subject

Services For All Subjects

Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.

price

Best Price Guarantee

Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.

Our Experts

Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

1265 Order Completed

97% Response Time

James Cook

Masters in Management

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

154 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Harold Alderete

PhD in Economics

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

184 Order Completed

96% Response Time

Arapera Billing

Masters in Management, MMgt

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

265 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Ken Campbell

MSc in Electrical Engineering

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me

FREE Tools

plagiarism

Plagiarism Checker

Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.

essay

Essay Typer

Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.

edit

GPA Calculator

Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.

referencing

Chemical Equation Balancer

Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.

calculator

Word Counter & Page Calculator

Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.

Refer Just 5 Friends to Earn More than $2000

Check your estimated earning as per your ability

1

1

1

Your Approx Earning

Live Review

Our Mission Client Satisfaction

Excellent Works. It helps a lot in any type of assignments. Delivers on time or most often before deadline. Neat and tidy work.

flag

User Id: 124147 - 19 Jan 2021

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

This site never disappoints you regarding your assignments. User-friendly environment and easy to search any kind of assignment. It values on its name

flag

User Id: 124147 - 19 Jan 2021

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

good essay keep up the good work thank you very much. will see you soon with more

flag

User Id: 206121 - 19 Jan 2021

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

I AM VERY HAPPY WITH THE WRITER. excellent piece and editing., not marked yet. i WILL KEEP YOU UPDATED WHEN MARK

flag

User Id: 586351 - 19 Jan 2021

Australia

student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating
Enantiomers And Tetrahedral C... has been added in your library.
callback request mobile
Have any Query?