2 questions Maximum of 500 words each 1 question on bioinformatics 1 question on other lectures Only material that is on FLO So you have access to minimum material
The Exam Questions ARE
1- What improvements will be made to sewage treatment plants over the next 20 years? Please be sure to provide details for the treatment plant and the microbiological pathways.
2- Describe the entire process for a bioinformatic analysis.
â€¢ Marking criteria Same as for essay (see FLO) Summary Best marks for answers that show quantitative analysis, critical thinking and original thought Poorest marks or fail if you just summarize the lecture notes, copy from the notes, copy from a paper or other student, or if I cannot understand your beautiful analysis There are no chances to resubmit
â€¢ Example unquestions Explain what BLAST is, what it is used for and give an example of its use. Explain how a water treatment plant works and how you would improve todayâ€™s plants. (microbial perspective of course) These questions will not be used! If you turn in answers to these questions you will fail! If you answer someone elseâ€™s questions you will fail If you plagiarize you will fail!
One can pass with just the lecture notes, but not get the highest marks (use some reference papers) Watch what you say If you say â€œa bigger sample size was neededâ€, also say how much bigger and how you determined this (e.g. power analysis). Saying â€œit will make the error bars smallerâ€ is too vague and may not even be true.
The Basic Problems
Confusion Poor formatting Low information density No logic Little or no original thought
REMEMBER this is an ESSAY Exam
Essay "essay ...[MF essai, fr. LL exagium act of weighing, fr. ex- + agere to drive - more at agent]" ... an analytic or interpretative literary composition usu. dealing with its subject from a limited point of view..." Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary (Merriam Co. pp. 1536, 1974) The point of this definition is that essays are not condensations or summaries of a group of papers. Essays show thought and take a position. Ditto essay exam.
One can be â€˜Criticalâ€™
This is more analytical, more precise, more incisive than an essay It is an aggressive dissection of all components with proper emphasis on the most important points.
Formatting Tips Grammar & Style â€¢Write complete sentences (both verbs and nouns). â€¢Capitalise the first letter of the first word in a sentence. â€¢Paragraphs must have > 1 sentence. They are units of thought. â€¢Primary and high school reports give lists and descriptions. â€¢University essays provide an analytical and interpretative critique of a problem or question with transitionsbetween paragraphs.
Organisation â€¢Have a written aim. Don't leave the reader to guess what the essay is going to be about. Tell them! â€¢Be quantitative! â€¢Do not introduce new information in the conclusion. This is not a spy novel. â€¢Express analysis in your own words. â€¢BUT all opinions must be supported.
Formatting Tips BAD:The intertidal dries up because it is out of the water. Muscles and barnacles close and do not feed during low tide. OKAY: In response to potential dehydration and the absence of food at low tide, intertidal filter feeders such as Mytilus edulis close their shells tightly. (Note: This could be interpreted to mean that the mussel only occurs in the intertidal region). BETTER: Filter feeders that are exposed when the tide is out keep their shell closed during this time to avoid desiccation. (the absence of food is not the point and a bit obvious; do all intertidal filter feeders have shells? Are anemones filter feeders?)
Information Density Tips
Edit and rewrite the exam questions at least 3 times After the second rewrite have a friend(s) read it critically Do not have the friend write it, just tell you which parts â€˜suckâ€™ Where suck = unclear, unscientific nonsense
Logic Support your assertions with examples, logic and references. If you say â€œX shows Yâ€, you must explain the observation, experiment and proposed mechanism. You will also combine what X shows with the work of others to form an original point. Do not use value judgements and emotional issues or comments. Words to AVOID Drastically, disaster, catastrophe (no emotive or dramatic words)
â€¢Do not avoid necessary science, e.g. bioremediation requires chemistry. â€¢Read many more papers than you use â€¢Use logical links and progressions between sentences, paragraphs and sections.
Remember: The primary marking criterion is how you think. If you hide that or leave it out the mark will be lower If you put thinking in and err: â€¢ Your mark down will be less than neglect
Sundry Views Essays are required to be quantitative. This means that when magnitudes (e.g. biomass) and rates (e.g. feeding rate) are discussed that numbers and units be used rather than relative qualifiers (e.g. fast, slow, big or little).
There is no place for emotion, irrationality, or unsupported opinion. Answers must be logical, analytical, critical and quantitative. Reasoning must be based on established scientific principles. Numbers, percentages, statistics and other quantitative devices should be used in place of words such as very, many, fast, nearly, significant, etc. You are expected to develop a well-focused, scientific point of view. Your mark reflects your academic judgement, investigation and analysis of the topic, and how clearly you communicate to me your thought processes. In short, pure summary of the notes or papers is always unacceptable.
Essay a well-organised and well-written essay answer on a broad topic (e.g. bioremediation) receives a P-CR.
A focused answer (e.g. Breakdown of polyaromatic hydrocarbons in an anoxic environment) that integrates information from related areas (e.g. H2 vs CH4 production) receives a DN.
An answer that addresses a specific goal (e.g. How much power needs to be applied to a microbial fuel cell to anaerobicallydegrade napthalene?), which minimises summaries (only enough present to catalyse and support analysis), incorporates analytical thought and includes calculations receives a HD.
name/id# layout aim original analysis qualit quantit insight pen tot