Assignment: IEDs: Threats and Countermeasures ?Assignment Write an assignment to describe one specific type of IED in one of four insurgency/terrorism theatres (where terrorism takes place), looking at countermeasures, the problems with dealing with the IED and the IED’s effects. Options Select an IED used in one of the following insurgencies or terrorism campaigns: 1) Northern Ireland (1969-2015) 2) Iraq (2003-2006, the insurgency) or subsequent terrorist attacks to 2015, including the ISIL campaign) 3) Afghanistan (20012015) 4) Europe or the US (in any period) ? This assignment is a graded project for the purpose of certification. Your assignment must be typed and submitted on the Assignment Template provided online. The word limit for the assignment is 2,500 words. The assignment should be completed by the recommended submission date provided in your Welcome Pack. If it is submitted after the date, it is likely that feedback will take longer to be returned. Please ensure that your completed assignment contains proper references (check your Welcome Pack or the Essay Writing Introduction on the LMS, for guidance) and a Bibliography. Note that plagiarism checker software will be used when you submit your work. Be careful not to use privileged information when writing your assignment, but only information from open sources. Certificate/Advanced Certificate in Terrorism Studies Assignment Write an assignment to describe one specific type of IED in one of four insurgency/terrorism theatres (where terrorism takes place), looking at countermeasures, the problems with dealing with the IED and the IED’s effects. Options Select an IED used in one of the following insurgencies or terrorism campaigns: 1) Northern Ireland (1969-2015) 2) Iraq (2003-2006, the insurgency) or subsequent terrorist attacks to 2015, including the ISIL campaign) 3) Afghanistan (20012015) 4) Europe or the US (in any period) (Note: make sure that there is enough information available before you start writing the essay). Description You will write an assignment on the development of one specific type of IED, the countermeasures used, the effects, and problems encountered in any one of the theatres listed under Options. You have to write only one assignment for this module. For your chosen IED, your answers should focus on the following areas: 1) Outline Begin by providing an overview of how the IED was developed, who created and deployed it (with one to two examples of deployment) and how it works: the type of explosive and detonating mechanism used. IMPORTANT: your description should not be operationally specific i.e. no precise amounts of ingredients, measurements etc. Think of it as a recipe that says flour as an ingredient, but not 1kg of flour. 2) Technical description of the countermeasures, including equipment and training In this section you are asked to outline some of the technical methods of dismantling this specific IED, including equipment used and training, as well as other methods to prevent deployment of the IED and protect civilians and/or troops. For example: EOD (explosives ordnance disposal) using robotics; procuring and buying equipment, training specialist units; and beyond the ‘nuts and Assignment Outcome This assignment will help you understand and describe how a specific IED has propelled a particular terrorist group into bomb-making and deployment capability in a particular campaign; how it has affected civilians and troops; the nature and extent of the countermeasures applied to it; and how effective these were in dealing with it and the group deploying it. It will also enable you to understand the ‘catch-up’ aspect of IEDs and countermeasures, how terrorists use the IED as a chief weapon of choice, how the IED is made and how the materials needed to make it are acquired, and how to assess the effectiveness of the countermeasures. Certificate/Advanced Certificate in Terrorism Studies bolts’ measures of dismantlement, surveillance and human intelligence to break the supply chain for this particular IED. 3) Analysis of the problems faced in dealing with this type of IED In this section you will describe how your chosen IED has affected progress in that theatre; the effect on civilians and/or troops, and the economy; and the efforts of the military and civilian agencies which have had to deal with the devices. Look at how the terrorist group developed the IED, how they catch up with countermeasures, and where relevant, previous incidents in this or other theatres 4) Answering the question, “How did this specific IED affect the population?” In this section you are asked to assess the overall effects of this specific IED. Certificate/Advanced Certificate in Terrorism Studies Assignment Marking Information: IEDs: Threats and Countermeasures Percentage marks accorded Outline 30% ? ? An overview of how the IED was developed, who created and deployed it (with one to two examples of deployment), how it works: the type of explosive and detonating mechanism used. IMPORTANT: your description should not be operationally specific. Technical description of the countermeasures, including equipment and training 20% ? ? Outline some of the technical methods of dismantling this specific IED, including equipment used and training, as well as other methods to prevent deployment of the IED, including human intelligence and surveillance. For example: robotics and disruptors for EOD, procuring and buying equipment, training specialist units, and gathering and using intelligence information on suspects. Analysis of the problems faced in dealing with this type of IED 30% ? ? Describe how the terrorist group making your chosen IED overcame the countermeasures to it – if they did - and other problems in dealing its manufacture and deployment. Answer the question: are the countermeasures to your chosen IED effective? Was it successfully countered? Assessment: “How did this specific IED affect the population?” 20% ? ? Assess the overall effects of the IED on civilians, troops, economies, transportation and infrastructure, and on policies of agencies and governments. Assess if and how much it has forwarded the terrorist group’s campaign Certificate/Advanced Certificate in Terrorism Studies Weekly Assignment Plan This section contains weekly tasks for completing the assignment. Week 1 Week Week 1 Task Set reading: In this week, you have to read the contents of the material provided. Time 2 hours You have been provided with some reading material for the assignment. You need to analyse the facts you garner from these suggested sources to complete your assignment successfully. Assignment Details The following reading material is available as general reading in advance of your IED/terrorist group/countermeasure-specific research: Articles: ? ? ? ? IEDs: the home-made bombs that changed modern war, The International Institute for Strategic Studies: http://www.iiss.org/en/publications/strategic%20comments/sections/2012-bb59/ieds--thehome-made-bombs-that-changed-modern-war-2-f52f ISAF News List, Afghan soldiers learn advanced EOD techniques, prepare for real-world missions: http://www.isaf.nato.int/article/news/afghan-soldiers-learn-advanced-eod-techniquesprepare-for-real-world-missions.html The New York Times, Times Topics - Improvised Explosive Devices: http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/subjects/i/improvised_explosive_devi ces/index.html Kevin Ivison GM, Use Of Remote Control Vehicles In Explosive Ordnance Disposal Operations, RUSI Defence Systems, October 2007: http://www.rusi.org/downloads/assets/Ivison_0207_RDS.pdf Company sites: ? ? ? ? Alford Technologies http://www.explosives.net/ Allen Vanguard http://www.allenvanguard.com/ Optima Group www.optimagroup.co MMIC EOD Ltd http://www.militarysystems-tech.com/suppliers/cbrn-eod-products/mmic-eod-ltd Certificate/Advanced Certificate in Terrorism Studies Further reading (at student’s personal cost): Below are some books/periodicals the author has suggested may be of interest if you are particularly interested in the subject However please note these would need to be purchased/ subscribed to at a student’s personal expense, so it is up to students if they wish to purchase. You are still able to complete the assignment without them. Books Sean Rayment, Bomb Hunters: In Afghanistan with Britain’s Elite Bomb Disposal Unit (HarperCollins 2011) Brian Castner, The Long Walk: A Story of War and the Life That Follows (Random House Inc, 2012) Andy Oppenheimer, IRA: The Bombs and the Bullets – A History of Deadly Ingenuity (Irish Academic Press 2008) Maj. Chris Hunter QGM, Eight Lives Down (Corgi/Transworld 2008) Capt Kevin Ivison GM, Red One: A Bomb Disposal Expert on the Front Line (Orion, 2010) Maj. Chris Hunter QGM, Extreme Risk – A Life Fighting the Bombmakers (Bantam Press 2010) Chris Ryder, A Special Kind of Courage: 321 EOD Squadron Battling the Bombers (Methuen 2007) Tony Geraghty, The Irish War (HarperCollins 2000) Peter Birchall, The Longest Walk: The World of Bomb Disposal (Sterling Pub Co Inc 1998) Periodicals Counter-IED Report, twice-yearly plus online Newsletter, contact [email protected] Membership only: The Detonator, the bi-monthly journal of the IABTI (International Association of Bomb Technicians & Investigators) https://www.iabti.org/ Certificate/Advanced Certificate in Terrorism Studies Week 2 Week Week 2 Task Research: In order to complete your assignment you will be required to do collect and analyse relevant information from sources beyond those pointed to in the course materials. This will involve visiting academic, organisational and in some cases corporate websites. Time 2-4 hours Assignment Details Search Engines While general search engines (Google, Bing) are able to provide you with general overviews of your topic, we strongly encourage students to use the following search engines to access articles and information of a more academic nature. Some of the search listings will direct you to paid materials or material behind paywalls. You are under no obligation to pay for research and there is much that is freely available. For those of you who have membership to a university, college, workplace or community/public library, your library may subscribe to additional electronic resources. http://scholar.google.co.uk/ http://explore.tandfonline.com/page/pgas/terrorism-collection http://www.jstor.org/ (free access to three articles from its collection every two weeks) https://www.academia.edu/ http://education.iseek.com/iseek/home.page Using Search Engines Effectively For those of you who do not have much or any experience with carrying out research online, the following guide from the University of Bristol collects a number of resources on how to use search engines effectively: http://www.bristol.ac.uk/library/support/findinginfo/search- engines/ Assessing Source Reliability There is a tremendous volume of information on terrorism and terrorism-related issues available online but not all of it is from reputable sources. As a result we encourage students to try to stick to the following types of websites: ? ? ? Academic (universities, colleges, research centres, blogs operated by academics) Organisational (international organisations, non-governmental organisations (e.g. Human Rights Watch, ICRC, etc.), companies (e.g. Heathrow Airport, Semantic, etc.)) Reputable news organisations (e.g. The Guardian, NYT, The Economist, Foreign Affairs, Al Jazeera, etc.) We ask students stay away from generalist sites such as Wikipedia, About.com and similar as this information is often unverified and can be incorrect. If you have questions about the legitimacy of a particular source or sources, please post a link on the forums or send an email to the module tutor who will be able to advise. Warning DO NOT access terrorist sites directly. Accessing such sites is illegal in many countries. They also often contain viruses or other malicious code that will corrupt your computer system. Certificate/Advanced Certificate in Terrorism Studies Week 3 Week Task Time Week 3 Assignment preparation: You will be required to assess the information that you have gathered and provide a structure to your assignment. Collect your ideas, views and thoughts about how you will be writing the assignment. 2 hours Assignment Details ? ? ? ? ? ? Assess all the information you have collected during your research. Think about how you want to structure this information in your assignment. Make a list of the topics you need to cover in your assignment. List the order in which you would like the topics to appear and structure the content. Before you begin writing the assignment, see that you have all the information. Ensure that all the topics in your list are covered. If you feel you still have some information gaps in the research material you have collected, go back to the search engine on the Internet and get that additional information.