Basic Task The study of social stratification and social inequalities covers a wide range of topics or issues. In order to offer you an opportunity to explore the themes you are interested in, this assignment does not specify a particular topic for you to examine but encourages you to choose one of the following topics to write a 1,600-word essay, in which you are expected to use relevant sociological concepts and theories to conduct analysis and lead discussions. Income or wealth inequality Gender inequality Housing inequality Poverty and welfare issues Racial or ethnic inequality Labour market discrimination Social exclusions (e.g., education, political participation) Social mobility A choice that involves more than one aspect from the above is allowed. For instance, students can write an essay on ‘Gendered income gap in Australia’, ‘The poverty of indigenous people in Australia’, ‘The working poor and social welfare policy in Australia’, or ‘Employment discrimination in Australia: a comparative analysis of migrants from different ethnic backgrounds’. It is fine to examine a topic based in a foreign country other than Australia. If you want to investigate a topic that is not listed above, please discuss it with your lecturer or tutor at first. After identifying a research topic, students should start to search relevant literature, statistical information or empirical data from the library, the Internet or other sources. Based on the materials, consider what research question(s) would be addressed in your essay. Then, conduct a literature review, formulate core arguments, and extend discussions. See the suggested structure of the essay below. Essay Structure It is suggested that you consider including the following main sections in your essay: ï‚· Introduction ï‚· Literature review ï‚· Main arguments ï‚· Summary 2 You may present headings or sub-headings to indicate these sections where appropriate. Beyond this suggested structure, you do have flexibility to construct the essay in your own way if you like. You can use the following questions as a preliminary guideline to check out whether you are on the right track and then integrate the relevant components in your writing: - Do you have a title for your essay? [It is a short and clear summary of the essay (a few words or a sentence, not a paragraph). Do not use vague titles, like ‘SOC2/3WOE Assignment’ or ‘Assignment Two’. For example, an essay can be entitled ‘Income inequality in Australia’, ‘Poverty and its causes in Australia: new evidence in the 21st century’, or ‘Is Australia a racist country?’] - Do you have a brief and clear introductory section? [It introduces what topic you have chosen to do the research, what the relevant socioeconomic context is, why it is important to examine this topic, how you will construct your essay, and so on.] - Do you provide informative and relevant literature review? [This part may help you present the research background, show what research has been done in this field, summarise the major theoretical perspectives, arguments, or core issues, and explain whether there is any gap in existing research…] - Do you raise a research question clearly and construct your arguments well? [The research question should be based on your literature review and is expected to have theoretical significance or practical implication. For example, your research question can be: ‘Why do women earn considerably less than men on average in Australia?’ or ‘What factors lead to the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous health in Australia?’ To construct your arguments, you may use relevant concepts and theories you have learned from this subject as well as supportive materials from other sources. Do not extend your argument too broadly and without a focus…] - Do you have a summary and discussion about your study? [What are your major viewpoints or findings? How well have you addressed your research question? Do you have a conclusion? Does your study make any contribution and have any implication? Does it have any limitation?] - Do you provide references? [‘Acknowledging your sources’ is an important university requirement. Your assignments must conform to the Harvard Standard of referencing. Please consult the Harvard Referencing Guide Modules which can be accessed at: http://www.lib.latrobe.edu.au/referencing-tool/harvard] Regarding the number of references used for this assignment, it is expected that there are six references at least and 20 at maximum. You can use the references that have been covered in the lectures or the other learning materials of this subject; however, in this case you should provide the correct information of the original sources.