The task is to write a literature review about my research topic from Assignment 1. Requirement sheet is attached. My assignment 1 topic is "How to reduce water pollution caused by the chemicals manufacturing industry"
Assignment 2 is worth 25% and should be 1000 words long (+/- 100), (without references).
This assignment has two main sections. The first section is a literature review and the second section is about choosing your research method. The details are given in the following. Please write your research topic from assignment 1 or updated topic in the beginning.
1. Literature review exercise
In the first part of the assignment you will briefly review some scientific literature that relates to a scientific question you identified in your first assignment/tutorial. Your goal in reviewing the literature about your topic is to answer the question – “What is known about my chosen research problem?” Later you may expand this literature for your final assignment, which is the research proposal. Notice that your literature review section should not be less than 400 words!
1.1. Some important tips
1. START EARLY!
Even reviewing the literature briefly takes time!
2. Understand your topic
BEFORE you start reviewing the literature, it is important for you to have a clear idea about the problem that you are trying to solve and it is useful to find some basic information about it.
3. Please do not copy paste from the papers or books! Rephrase or reword your sentences.
4. Don’t just report what other people have done! Instead evaluate, organize and synthesize.
5. Begin your discussion from a general perspective.
6. As you proceed, deal with more specific but important studies.
7. Because this is a short literature review you do not need to have an advance organizer, or summary section for your literature review. You may have some headings or subheadings if you want, but if you don’t think it is necessary, forget about it!
8. For more detailed description about writing a cohesive and clear literature review, look at the slides of Workshop 1-5.
1.2. Reference List
Note that the entries in the reference list are presented in alphabetical order by the last name of the first author (one line between each reference). For more information, look at the slides of Week 5 about the author name style referencing. Ideally, the number of references is between 5 and 10, but there is no specific requirement on the number of references (just remember to include important references not any random study).
2. Selecting quantitative and/or qualitative approach(s)
In the second part of your second assignment, you select a quantitative and/or qualitative approach(s) for your research problem chosen in assignment 1. Rather than forming a preconception of the type of research methodology required for the problem, we consider the broadest range of options for the problem. Note that your specific research question may be only quantitative or qualitative or it may have both quantitative and qualitative components. Your answers for this section should not be less than 200 words!
2.1. Selecting a quantitative approach
For each of the following questions, based on the problem statement developed in assignment/tutorial 1, develop a brief written answer. These questions are all relate to characteristics typical of a problem requiring a quantitative methodology.
1. Define an objective reality that can be measured for your problem?
2. Describe how your research question (problem) is confirmatory/predictive?
3. Give evidence that the available literature for your problem is large?
4. Describe how your research does not need an in-depth study?
5. Describe constraints that make it difficult to work with people (as subjects) on this problem?
6. Describe factors that might dictate a high level of structure in this research?
2.2. Selecting a qualitative approach
For each of the following questions, based on the problem statement developed in tutorial 1, write a brief answer. These questions are all relate to characteristics typical of a problem requiring a qualitative methodology.
- Define multiple possible realities that might be constructed by different individuals for your problem?
- Describe how your research question (problem) is exploratory/interpretive?
- Give evidence that the available literature for your problem is limited?
- Describe how your research focus requires in-depth study?
- Describe factors that make it easy/feasible to work with people (as subjects) on this problem?
- Describe factors that might dictate a low level of structure in this research?
Considering your answers given to the questions in the subsection 2.1 and 2.2, do you think your research topic requires a quantitative or qualitative methodology or both?