Assignment Starter Outline & Guidance Typically, the entire paper should be in the ten-page range I. Question of Interest and Purpose -- (1 page) II. Theoretical Framework -- (4 pages) III. Methods -- (5 pages) I. State a question of interest that the research will explore and the purpose that the research will serve: A. For example: How does implementation of writing process-based teaching of written composition in language arts middle school classrooms affect the writing competence of middle school aged learners? The purpose of this (evaluative study or action research proposal) project is to explore how the writing competence of middle school-aged learners is affected when writing process-based teaching of composition is implemented. Project activities include the review of research studies on how implementation of writing process-based teaching of composition affects the writing competence of middle school learners as well as development of an (evaluative study or action research proposal) based on review of literature findings. B. The above should be supplemented by a short discussion of historical, background, defining or contextualizing information that introduces, briefly discusses, and then transitions to the next section. II. Briefly provide a theoretical framework that justifies the study: A. Use aggregate data, descriptive and inferential statistics and at least one table and one figure from the theoretical framework, findings, limitations and implications for further research from your Unit 3/Week 3 Five Original Source Research Studies Written Review Assignment. B. Please note that, as bolded above and below, each theoretical framework section must use: 1. aggregate data; 2. descriptive statistics; 3. inferential statistics; 4. a table; and 5. a figure. C. Many researchers use figures (any graphic representation that is not a table) to explain processes and data. The APA (2009) provides standards for figures: 1. Simplicity, Clarity, and Continuity: A good figure a. augments rather than duplicates the text b. conveys only essential facts c. is easy to read it elements (type, lines, labels, symbols, etc.) are large enough to read with ease in the printed form; d. is easy to understand its purpose is readily apparent; e. is consistent with and is prepared in the same style as similar figures in the same article: that is, the lettering is of the same size and typeface' lines are of the same weight, and so forth; f. Is carefully planned and prepared. D. For example, cognitive process models help explain theoretical information, so the following figure might be used to explain the writing process-based teaching of written composition teaching: E. Please note that the figure included in your Unit 4/Week 4 Assignment can be authored by others but that it must serve to augment the narrative. As noted above, the figure was produced by Flower and Hayes (1981). F. Most of your Unit 3/Week 3 Reviews cited descriptive statistics and inferential statisticsregarding your topic so please select or produce descriptive and inferential statistics to include in your Theoretical Framework section. 1. Please either select and include descriptive statistics from your reviewed articles or aggregate and calculate them on your own, i.e., that the number and type of additional language learners is now ______ and will be _________ by 2060. 2. As for the inferential statistics requirement, all quantitative studies containinferential statistics so please select examples of those statistics that contribute to the theoretical framework narrative. G. As noted in our text and other sources, tables are used to summarize data and they supplement rather than duplicate material. So please construct a table that summarizes key aspects of the five research studies that you reviewed for your Unit 3/Week 3 Assignment. 1. For example: Study Participants Duration Independent V Dependent V Study #1 Study #2 Study #3 Study #4 Study #5 2. Then, briefly describe the table and its contents in a way that explains the table's design, purpose and analysis perhaps citing or using descriptive or inferential statistics to explain the analysis. H. As with any theoretical framework section, please consider ending the section by transitioning the section to III. 1. For example As noted in this review, a wide range of research explored how implementation of writing process-based teaching of written composition affects the writing competence of high school and college writers, but few studies examined whether writing process-based teaching of written composition affects the writing competence of middle school learners. Hence, to address this gap in the research literature, what follows in this document is a proposal for an action research study designed to examine how the implementation of writing process-based teaching of written composition affects the writing competence of middle school aged learners. III. Methods Please provide a mixed-methods design for evaluative study or action research proposal that is justified by (II above) Theoretical Framework (Please be aware that many researchers use methods, measures and procedures of previous studies so that their research can build on, improve, and address the limitations of previous studies. Such replication of research is common and it is an accepted way to address issues that threaten the validity of methods, measures and procedures the thinking being that using a previously validated measure, for example, resolves the need for instrument validation tests and procedures to be included. So, please consider using or replicating a study that served as part of your Unit 3/Week 3 Review of Research studies, but please indicate where and how the proposed evaluative study or action research proposal differs from the replicated study. For example, you may choose to do a fairly close replication of a quantitative study that you reviewed in Unit 3/Week 3 and then augment that research by adding a qualitative phase to the mixed methods research. A. Please use the following to introduce your Methods section (substituting your information for the included bolded information): 1. The intent of this two-phase, sequential mixed methods study will be to explore how the writing competence of middle school aged learners is affected when writing process-based teaching of written composition is implemented (mention content objective of the study). The first phase will be a qualitative exploration ofcompositional competence (central phenomenon) by collecting ___observations and interviews________ (types of data) from _____50_____ (participants) at _____Marston Middle School______ (research site). Findings from this qualitative phase will then be used to test __how implementation of writing process-based teaching affects the writing competence (a theory, research questions, or hypotheses) that _____compares_______ (relate, compare) writing process-based teaching of written composition (independent variable) with writing competence (dependent variable) for ______middle school language arts learners___ (sample of population) at ______Marston Middle School_____ (research site). The reason for collecting qualitative data initially is that ____there is little guiding theory on attainment (e.g., instruments are inadequate or not available, variables are not known, there is little guiding theory, or few taxonomies). B. Graphical Design of the mixed methods study; 1. Please produce a graphic design for the research you are proposing (evaluative study or action research) C. Methods to be used to carry out the mixed methods study; 1. Please write a description of what methods will be used to perform the research. D. Procedures to be followed to carry out the mixed methods study; 1. Please write a description of what procedures will be used to perform the research. E. Measures to be used to carry out the mixed methods study; 1. Please write a description of what measures will be used to perform the research. a. Please note the types of data according to research design i. Quantitative data examples: instruments, checklists, records ii. Qualitative data examples: interviews, observations, documents, audio-visual materials F. Please conclude the Unit 4/Week 4 Assignment with a list of the references cited or used to complete your Unit 4/Week 4 Mixed Methods Research Design Evaluative Study or Action Research Proposal Assignment. Also, as with all APA styled documents, please include acover page and abstract for your Unit 4/Week 4 Mixed Methods Research Design Evaluative Study or Action Research Proposal Assignment.