You are the financial accountant for Superstore Ltd, and are in the process of preparing its financial statements for the year ended 30 June 2018. Whilst preparing the financial statements, you become aware of the following situations:
1. Superstore Ltd provides a warranty on goods sold for a period of 12 months from the date of sale. The company has, in the past, always recognised a provision for warranties equal to 5% of sales made during the year. Due to increasing warranty costs and the number of goods returned under warranty in previous years, the directors met during the financial year (ended 30 June 2018), and decided to increase the provision to 8% of sales made during the year. The provision for warranties account currently has a balance of $19,000, which is the balance carried forward from 30 June 2017. Sales for the year ended 30 June 2018 amounted to $430,000.
2. Two of Superstore Ltd’s major debtors filed for bankruptcy in July 2018. The amounts owing from these two customers totals $420,000, and in the draft financial statements (prior to Superstore Ltd being aware of the bankruptcies), an allowance for doubtful debts of $40,000 had been recognised. The directors of Superstore Ltd met with the liquidators of the two debtors on 28 July 2018 (prior to the 2018 financial statements being finalised), and it appears that no amount will be recovered from in respect of either debt.
3. On 5 July 2018 the Commonwealth Government enacted legislation altering the company income tax rate from 30% to 28%, applicable from the financial year commencing on 1 July 2018.
4. On 30 June 2018, when reviewing the plant and equipment, the reports showed that there was a ‘Trailer’ purchased on 1 July 2016 for $22,000. You looked into this further and discovered that the invoice was actually for repairs to one of the company’s trailers, not the purchase of a new trailer. The $22,000 should have been recognised as an expense, not as an asset. Depreciation of $1,000 was recognised in the 2017 financial statements, and no depreciation has been recognised as yet in the 2018 draft financial statements. The accountant responsible for preparing the company’s income tax returns will amend the 2017 tax return, and the company will receive a tax refund of $6,300 as a result. No journal entries have been recorded as yet in the accounting records, as the directors are unsure how to account for this situation, and what period adjustments need to be made in.
Assume that each event/situation is material.
i) State the appropriate accounting treatment for each situation. Provide explanations and references to relevant paragraphs in the accounting standards to support your answers. Where adjustments to Superstore Ltd’s financial statements are required, explain which financial statements need to be adjusted (ie. 2016, 2017, 2018 or 2019).
ii) Prepare any note disclosures and adjusting journal entries that are needed in the 2018 financial statements for each situation.
Accounting for share capital
On 1 January 2019, Funland Ltd was registered and issued a prospectus, offering 1,000,000 preference shares at $2.00 payable in full on application by 31 March 2019, and 2,000,000 ordinary shares at $6.00 with $4.00 due on application by 31 March 2019, $1.50 due within one month of allotment, and $0.50 due on a call to be made by the directors at a later date.
By 31 March 2019, the company had received applications for 800,000 preference shares and applications for 2,200,000 ordinary shares. On 15 April 2019, the ordinary and preference shares were allotted. The ordinary shares were allotted to applicants on a pro-rata basis, and the excess application money was retained and credited against amounts due on allotment. All allotment money was received by 15 May 2019.
The directors made the call on the ordinary shares on 1 August 2019, with amounts due by 1 September. By this date, amounts due on 1,960,000 ordinary shares had been received. On 15 September 2019, the shares on which call money had not been received were forfeited and sold as fully paid. An amount of $5.60 was received for each share sold. Costs of the forfeiture and reissue amounted to $7,000, and were paid. The constitution allows for the refund of any balance in the forfeited shares account after reissue to former shareholders, so refunds were made on 30 September 2019.
Prepare the journal entries to record the transactions of Funland Ltd up to and including that which took place on 30 September 2019. Show all relevant dates, narrations and working