Choose one of the following questions and write an essay of no more than 1,000 words.
1. Skills. Over 30 years ago, Harry Braverman predicted a trend toward deskilling under capitalism, while Daniel Bell predicted a trend toward upskilling. Review the empirical research on skill trends – a minimum of four empirical studies – and provide your own assessment.
2. Professional autonomy. How do the professions attempt to establish autonomy and what are main threats they face to their autonomy? Discuss with reference to at least four empirical studies and one or two particular professions.
Read all of the following points closely. There are both substantive and stylistic issues below that may affect your mark.
• One electronic copy of the assignment should be submitted via moddle by 10 am on Thursday 26 March. You are not required to submit a hard copy.
• If you have never written an essay before, or if you want to brush up on your skills, I would recommend that you read an introductory book on essay writing. There are many types of these books, which can be found on amazon.co.uk, for example. I would recommend the following: Peter Redman, Good Essay Writing: A Social Sciences Guide, Sage (2005). But any book on essay writing will be helpful. There is also a four-week course on Academic Writing, and related topics, at the KCL English Language Centre, if you are interested:
• This assignment requires independent library research. You will have to find social science journal articles and/or books that have conducted an empirical research study. That is, at least four of the articles you cite must be based on an empirical analysis of qualitative data (interviews or direct observations, including ethnography) or quantitative data (survey data or other statistics). This means you cannot use a textbook or purely theoretical or a literature review-based article or book for your four sources. You can use such articles in addition to your four sources, but you must have four sources that analyze data. In addition, empirical articles that are cited in the textbook do not count as one of your four empirical articles. You must find four empirical articles that are not cited in the textbook, based on youra