Grammar Assignment Task 1. (3 points) Choose a substitute for the following worn out/redundant phrases and add the appropriate letter to your answer sheet. 1. In view of the fact that A. Therefore -B. Because C. So 2. At this precise moment in time -A. precisely -B. Momentarily -C. Now 3. Are found to be in agreement A. Agree -B. Similar C. Apparent 4. Undertake a study A. Give an understanding B. Complete an action -C. Study 5. In view of the forgoing circumstances -A. Consequently -B. Incidentally C. Whenever 6. In virtually all sectors of the environment A. Where in B. Everywhere C. Where Task 2. (9 points) Underline an informal expression in the following sentences and replace it with a substitute from the table below. Add the letter of your substitute in your answer sheet. Note: one word is extra A. assist B. reduce C. created D. investigating E. raised F. established G. increased H. determined I. fluctuating J. eliminate 7. Expert systems can help out the user in the diagnosis of problems. 8. The program was set up to improve access to medical care 9. Research expenditure has gone up by nearly $3.6 million. 10. Researchers have found out that this drug has serious side effects. 11. The use of optical character readers (OCRs) should cut down on the number of problems with Australia Post 12. Building nuclear power will not get rid of the power crisis. 13. Researchers have been looking into this problem for more than fifteen years. 14. The issue was brought up for investigation. 15. Engineers have come up with better designs using computer stimulation. Task 3. (2 points) Add the correct alternative to your answer sheet in the appropriate boxes. 16. Your essay is badly organised and full of spelling mistakes. Though/Nevertheless, it contains some very interesting ideas. 17. To the east the trees were left standing, while/in contrast to the west they were cut down. 18. I felt guilty about leaving the company even so/even though I knew I had made the right decision. 19. I turned the ignition, but the car refused to start. As/Meanwhile the lions were getting ever closer. Task 4. (1 Point) Choose the position of two letters where you would start a new sentence. Add the letters to the blanks for question 20 and question 21 in your answer sheet. She appears to have initially weathered a barrage of news (a) about her use of a private email account (b) when she was secretary of state, (c) this is an indication that she is starting her second presidential bid with an unusual durability among Democratic voters (d) who view her more favourably and see her as a stronger leader (e) than they did earlier in the year, (f) this is despite weeks of scrutiny about her ethics, a poll has found. Task 5. (4 points) Rewrite the following paragraph (in your answer sheet) to enhance its formality/academic style. Remember to check for formal/informal expressions, personal language, questions, and contractions. An example is provided below. 22. Heaps of people in Australia don’t even know that pesticides are on most fruit and veggies everywhere and that the stuff’s really bad for you. Why are pesticides used so much? Obviously they keep bugs away. It is for certain that lots of tests tell us people get really sick from pesticides and sometimes every die. Example: I don’t think street crime is because of violence watched in TV. Answer: Street crime is unlikely to be due to TV violence. Task 6. (1 Point) Rewrite the following sentences to improve their clarity. Write your answer in the designated place in your answer sheet. An example is provided below. 23. Internet based learning, a potential rival to traditional classroom learning, has emerged since the late 1990’s. 24. It is Smith who proposed the new theory. Example: As far as technology is concerned, it plays a fundamental role in education.