Format: Development of a research proposal. Length: 2000 words (excluding tables, appendices and the reference list) 1. Title of the Research Proposal What is the effectiveness of sending patients aged 65 years and above to nursing homes in reducing depression compared to those staying at home alone? 2. Description of Research Problem This section should include a brief description of the research problem and why it is important to your area of nursing practice. You should provide an introduction to, and an outline of the central problem you will address in the research study you are proposing. (Aims - are aims clearly stated?) (Research question - What is the question? Is it clear? Is it answerable?) Guideline: Does the coverage of the literature seem through? Does it appear that the review includes all or most of the major studies that have been conducted on the topic interest? Is recent literature cited? Does the review rely on appropriate materials (eg, primarily on research reports, using primary sources)? Is the review organized in such a way that the development of ideas is clear? If the review is part of a research report for a new study, does the review document the need for the new research? Does the review conclude with a synopsis of the state of the art knowledge on the topic? Is the style of the review appropriate? Does the review appear unbiased? Does the reviewer use appropriate tentative language? 3. Background and justification for the study The argument requires that you review the relevant literature on the topic, with the intention of presenting a critical review of literature that supports the significance and, therefore, need for the proposed study to be conducted. State clearly why this proposed research is important, what the benefits may be and how this work will contribute to knowledge in nursing/ nursing practice. This may include changes in current practice, a new perspective on an old issue or other benefits to the community. You need to indicate why the proposed study is important. You will need to state clearly why there is a problem that needs to be addressed. You will need to show that the research fills a gap in the current research by referring to the literature in the field. The review has the specific purpose of building the argument to convince someone (possibly a funding body) that the research is important and will make a significant contribution to understanding/knowledge on the topic. It should be evident in what you write that you have analysed and evaluated the quality of the literature and identified gaps and problems as part of the review process, as well as addressed the significance of the proposed research. 4. Research Question/ Aim(s), Objectives The research question, aims and/or objectives need to be clearly articulated and precise and should come from what was found to be missing in the literature. 5. Research Design (Plan of investigation) Describe briefly the approach that will be used to conduct the research. This should include the research methodology (quantitative, qualitative or mixed method) which is appropriate to the research question. Briefly explain why this has been chosen Also include discussion of the following: (these are typically required in a proposal): (i) Sample: describe and justify the proposed sample including: • Sample size (how many participants will be involved and justification of the size) • Sampling technique (e.g. random, purposive) • Recruitment (how research participants will be approached and recruited to the study). (ii) Data collection approach and brief justification for the approach selected ( eg interview, questionnaire, observation etc.). If established research tools (questionnaire for example) are to be used, these should be described and the reasons for their selection included. (iii) Data analysis: how the data might be analysed. This does not need to include advanced statistical analysis, however you must demonstrate a level of understanding of the type of data you have to analyse and how this will be done. You should also address issues of reliability, validity or credibility/trustworthiness in accordance with your research design Ie quantitative, qualitative or mixed methods. Please terminate your proposal with an appropriate statement summarising the importance of the proposed study and potential implications if it is not implemented.