Scopes and Methods of Politics and International Relations Final Assignment: Research Proposal (2,000 words) FORMAT OF A RESEARCH PROPOSAL Title Q / unextend of the level of education in Iraq after 2003 compare the high level of illiteracy, especially among girls' GBV ' in the conflict ' disputed' areas after 2013 ‘ISIS’ Introduction In the year 2003, Iraq was invaded by America which caused one of the biggest anti-terror war of the 21st century. The educational condition of Iraq was severely damaged, and the rate of literacy dropped in the country especially for women. After the Ottoman Empire lost Iraq to the British government, there were only a few modern schools in Iraq, and only elites were able to access these schools. Religious institutions provided the primary education of reading and writing to Iraq. The education system was slowly growing. During the Saddam Hussein regime, the education system begins to expand rapidly by the year 1982 the female literacy rate was higher than any other Islamic Nation (Ref 1). The literacy rate of Iraq has declined a lot in since 2003 after the Iraq war because the condition made it difficult for girls to go to schools, colleges and it is now the lowest in the region after ISIS attacked in 2013 until recently. Description Iraq is home to different ethnic groups, and it is the country severely affected by the war which has also damaged the educational system of Iraq. The country has gone through a couple of sanctions which have destroyed its economy, and the crippling economy affected the country. Iraq is the country that did not spend more than 10% on education (ref 2). Iraq was the country that has the highest rate of literacy in the middle east but due to the wars Education system of Iraq has been affected a lot. The conflicted region of Iraq has been affected. Girls have most to suffer from the wars according to UN report the total enrolment rate for girls is 45.8% against the gross enrolment rate of 44.8% which makes the average enrolment of boys more than girls (Ref 4). During the US invasion of Iraq, most of the educational institutes in Iraq were destroyed. After the attack due to lack of support, approximately 80% of Iraqi schools need repairing or were severely damaged before the US invasion in 2003 the number of students in Iraqi schools and University 240000 (Ref 5). Method with quantitative method we can compare the drop done and the increase in literacy level from nearly all Iraq can read and write to nearly most of the young girls not join even primary education, we can measure all variable and indicator related to education and compare between the population % of girls and boys and show the GBV carve and other important variable that will appear during the research. Conclusion The education system in Iraq has been affected by conflicts a lot especially the education of girls. However, the previously conflicted zones such as the Mosul region has lost all the education facilitate and institute. even UNESCO, UNICEF, UNHCR all try to improve it with NGO help and GOC. References Pdfs.semanticscholar.org. (2018). [online] Available at: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/8d76/1fc1320e40762cb045a345c18843f6eedd94.pdf [Accessed 31 Oct. 2018]. Essa, I.A.J., 2016. Spending on Education and its Role in the Human Development in Iraq in the periods (1990–2014). Tikrit Journal For Administration & Economics Sciences, 12(35), pp.211-225. Education Policy Data Centre. (2014). Education and Conflict in Iraq. [online] Available at: https://www.epdc.org/epdc-data-points/education-and-conflict-iraq [Accessed 1 Nov. 2018]. Ungei.org. (2018). [online] Available at: http://www.ungei.org/resources/files/full_report_iraq_2010.pdf [Accessed 1 Nov. 2018]. Managementjournal.usamv.ro. (2018). [online] Available at: http://managementjournal.usamv.ro/pdf/vol.17_1/Art1.pdf [Accessed 1 Nov. 2018]. the Guardian. (2003). A new history of Iraq. [online] Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/education/2003/nov/25/schools.schoolsworldwide [Accessed 1 Nov. 2018]. I. Introduction Problem statement Research question General expectations Social and scientific relevance Originality and/or innovative elements of the topic II. Theory Review of the relevant literature Current status of the topic Relationship between the literature and your problem statement Specific expectations/hypotheses III. Method Research design/data collection plans Justification of research design Description of population and sample Description of main variables/questions Proposed analysis of the data Originality and/or innovative elements of the research design IV. Implications and Limitations Research impact (Possible) contribution of the research results to the solution of a cultural, societal, technological or economical problem / expected impact of the research results (Possible) implementation of the results in the near and/or far future (ideas for policy) List of References NUMBER OF WORDS The 2,000 words limit (plus or minus 10%) does not include the list of references but does include possible foot-/endnotes, tables, figures and appendix(es). Please include the number of words of your assignment at the beginning of your assignment. LIST OF REFERENCES All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references following the text of your proposal. And all publications included in the list of references should be included in the text. In the text, refer to the author’s name (without initials) and year of publication. E.g.: “Since Peterson (1993) has shown that ….” or “This is in agreement with results obtained later (Peterson 1998)”. For three or more authors use the first author followed by “et al.” in the text. The list of references should be arranged alphabetically by authors’ names. The essay should be carefully checked to ensure that the spelling of authors’ names and dates are exactly the same in the text as in the list of references. References may be given in your preferred form, but it should be consistent and all references should include all necessary information (author name, year of publication, title of publication, title of journal, volume number, page numbers, etc.). Here are examples of correct references to different types of sources: For journals: Marsh, M. 1993. “Selecting Party Leaders in the Republic of Ireland: Taking the List Off Party Politics.” European Journal of Political Research 24(3): 295-316. Verba, S., Burns, N., and Shlozman, K.L. 1997. “Knowing and Caring about Politics: Gender and Political Engagement.” Journal of Politics 59(4): 1051-1072. For books: Lovenduski, J. and Norris, P. 1993. Gender and Party Politics. London: Sage. For chapters of edited books: Grey, S. 2002. “Does Size Matter? Critical Mass and New Zealand Women’s Members of Parliament.” In K. Ross (Ed.), Women, Politics and Change. Oxford: UK: Oxford University Press. Pp. 19-29. For websites: Inter-Parliamentary Union, 2010. Women in National Parliaments. Situation as of 30 November 2010. URL (consulted 19 December 2010): http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/world.htm. TIPS AND TRICKS Have a good, focused and relevant research question. Keep your aims clear. It is a good idea to write your aims on a slip of paper and keep this in front of you as you write your sections. It will help ensure that the methods that you use will achieve your aim, or that your literature review is relevant. Provide details, especially in your methodology and data analysis section. Explain your research method in detail and argue why are using that particular method (or methods), why you believe this is the most appropriate way. If you plan to use various methods, highlight why it is necessary to use these different methods and what the data gained from these different methods of data collection will add to one another. Be also explicit in explaining how you will analyze the data. It is not enough to say “the data will be collated and analyzed”. How will you do this? Stand up for your proposal. Don't be humble about what you are doing. Believe that it is great research that has to be conducted. Imagine that you are writing a proposal for funding from a very important agency. It has to stand up to scrutiny and it has to be convincing. Try to present your idea in a stimulating and engaging manner. You need to communicate a sense of enthusiasm and confidence without exaggerating the merits of your proposal.