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Health Care Provider and Faith Diversity
Grand Canyon University: HLT-310V
November 1, 2015
Health Care Provider and Faith Diversity
Health care providers provide care to a multitude of people from all different cultures. Religions and beliefs. But to provide the best care possible for these patients, health care professionals need to acknowledge, be knowledgeable and respectful of the different beliefs and religions that exist in the world. A personâ€™s spiritual beliefs and practices should be incorporated into the plan of care unique to that individual. To get better acquainted with the different religions and how they affect health care systems, the author has chosen to research and analyze the philosophy of the Christian and Islamic faith. This paper will be discussing in detail the Christianity and Islamic faith doctrine, difference and seminaries that exist between each religion and how they relate to proving healthcare. The seven worldview questions will also be discussed and answered in relation to the two religions. As well as the author's own spiritual perspective on healing and how it can be applied to a health care provider.
According to BBC (2014),â€ Christianity is the world's biggest religion, with about 2.1 billion followers worldwide. It is based on the teachings of Jesus Christ who lived in the Holy Land 2,000 years agoâ€ (p. 1). Christian doctrine is based on the belief that Jesus Christ is the Messiah of God sent to deliver Godâ€™s people: offering salvation and the forgiveness of sin. Jesus blood broke the division between God and humanity and gave people a connection back to God. Christians live according to the Bible, which is Godâ€™s word, law, and the teachings and life of Jesus Christ. The Bible is comprised of 66 books total: 39 in the Old Testament and 27 in the New Testament. Christians believe in God the father, the all mighty creator of heaven and earth and all there is or will ever be. There is only one God, and he alone is to be proclaimed, worshiped, praised, and served. For God is the only Supreme Being. He is Holy, Eternal, and Omnipotent. For as it is written in the Bible, 17 â€œAh, Sovereign Lord, you have made the heavens and the earth by your great power and outstretched arm. Nothing is too hard for you.â€ 27 â€œI am the Lord, the God of all mankind. Is anything too hard for meâ€ (Jeremiah 32:17, 27)? Christens also believe in the trinity that is One God who exists simultaneously in three persons: The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
Jesus (who is God) was born in the flesh to a Virgin named Mary. He is both divine and flesh. Jesus was sent to earth as an offering for the atonement of sins. His blood set things right between man and God. In the New Testament of the Bible, Jesus teaches the Jews and the Gentiles about Godâ€™s love, mercy, and forgiveness. Jesus Doctrine is based on love and forgiveness. Christens believe that Jesus died on the cross, that he rose from the dead and ascended to heaven. He will come again to proclaim his people to the glory of God.
Muslims mostly practice the Islamic faith. Muslims have six central beliefs: They believe in one God and the Quran, which is their Bible. They believe that God revealed a collection of books and scriptures to his Holy messengers. These include:
the Quran (given to Muhammad), the Torah (given to Moses), the Gospel (given to Jesus), the Psalms (given to David), and the Scrolls (given to Abraham). Muslims believe that these earlier scriptures in their original form were divinely revealed, but that only the Quran remains as it was first revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (PBS, 2014, p. 1).
They believe in angels from God sent to carry out his commands to the world and to worship God, profits or messengers of God, the day of Judgement and Divine decree. They believe in a heaven, and a hell, and that mankindâ€™s life is predestined by God but man still has a choice to follow it or not.
There are five pillars or acts of worship that Muslims practice on a daily basis. They worship God and Muhammad (who was the messenger of God and given the Quran). They pray daily five times a day:
At dawn, noon, late afternoon, sunset and night. Muslims perform ablution before prayer -- a brief prescribed washing of the hands, mouth, nose, face, arms and feet. One may pray alone or in a group in any clean location, including a mosque. The Friday noon prayer is special to Muslims and is done in a mosque if possible. Muslims face in the direction of Mecca when they pray (PBS, 2014, p. 1).
â€œMecca is the Holy City of Islam. It is located in the western region of Saudi Arabia, near the Red Sea. Technically, the city is formally known as Makkah al-Mukaaramah, translating into English as â€œMecca the Blessedâ€ (WiseGEEK, 2015, p. 1). Mecca is also the birthplace of Muhammad. Every Muslim is expected to make a pilgrimage to Mecca in their lifetime.
Muslims believe in charity to the poor and needy. They are required to give two and a half percent of their earnings to care for poor and needy. They fast from dawn to sunset during the month of Ramadan. Ramadan is when God gave the revelation of the Quran to Muhammad (PBS, 2014).
The Islamic faith prohibits everything that is considered to be harmful to the mind, body, soul, or society. Muslims are not allowed to consume pork, alcohol or mind-altering drugs. They are prohibited from performing any in moral act. Both men and women are to present themselves in modesty so they will not tempt the other. Most Muslim women cover their whole body and their head.
Similarities and Differences Between the two Religions
Both faiths believe in and worship God. But Muslimâ€™s also believe in Muhammad and his teaching in the Quran. Christians believe in Jesus Christ and follow his teachings. Both religions believe in heaven and hell and the afterlife. Whereas Christians follow the life and teachings of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ in the New Testament, Muslims follow the teachings of the old Testament teachings in the Quran. Muslims do not believe Jesus or his blood atoned for sins. They believe people can atone for their sins. Muslims do not believe in the Holy Trinity of God, Jesus, and The Holy Spirit. They believe in God, Jesus, and Mary. Muslims refer to God as Allah (Christian Apologetics & Research Ministry, n.d.). Both regions believe in angels. Both religions believe in the written word of God, But Muslims believe that man has corrupted the Bible and that the Quran is the only true word of God. Christians believe that Jesus is the son of God, but Muslims believe he was a great prophet second to Muhammad. Muslims do not believe that Jesus died on the cross. Both religions are very similar. The one main difference is what they believe about Jesus.
The Seven Worldview Questions According to Christianity and the Islamic Faith
What is Prime Realty?
For Christians, prime reality is God. God is the supreme and almighty divine being. He is the Alpha and Omega. The first and the last. God is the center of the Christian life. In the Islamic faith, Allah (God) is also the prime reality.
What is the nature of the world around us?
Christians and Muslims believe that the world was formed and created by the father. God created the heavens and the earth and all that there is.
What is a human being?
Christians believe humanity was created in the image of God to serve and worship him only. Our purpose is to bring glory to God and have dominion over all creation. God also told his people to be fruitful and multiply. Muslims also believe that we were put here on earth to serve and worship Allah and that people have a purpose set by God. Muslims believe people were formed from the dust of the ground but not in the image of God.
What happens to a person at death?
Both Christians and Muslims believe that when people die they go to heaven or hell. Both religions believe in an afterlife, and that physical death is not the end.
Why is it possible to know anything at all?
According to Christian faith, God is the supreme and all-knowing being. He is the one that gives man revelations and knowledge through his written word and the Holy Spirit. There are some things that remain a mystery and that are for God to Know only. Muslims believe that knowledge is given to man through the profits and the Quran.
How do we know what is right or wrong?
Christians know what is right or wrong by way of the Holy Spirit, Godâ€™s word and the life and teachings of Jesus Christ. Christians are to follow the laws of the ten commandments and above all to love one another as Christ has loved us. Muslims follow the teachings of Muhammad and the word of Allah in the Quran to know what is right or wrong. All morals of right and wrong come from The Father (All About God, 2015).
What is the meaning of human history?
Christians do not believe in evolution. According to the Bible, "In the beginning was the word and the word was with God and the word was God . . . and the word became flesh and dwelt among us . . . " (John 1:1, 14). Man was created by God and formed from the dust of the ground. Then God breathed life into manâ€™s nostrils and he became alive (Genesis 2:7). Women was made from the rib of man. And so God formed Adam and Eve. Adam and Eve became the mother and father to the Generations to come. Muslims also believe that God created man. It was not by evolution.
The Implications of Christianity and Islamic Faith on Health Care
Both religions rely on and put their trust in God for everything. They both look to him first and medicine or health care second. Both religions go to health care providers when they need to but they put their faith in God above all else. Both regions believe that God has the ultimate say so in who lives or die. Muslims do not believe in desecrating the body and will not perform in any medical practices that will cause desecration to the body or that would go against Allahâ€™s (Godâ€™s) word. Both religions look to their faith, prayer and fasting for their healing. Healing is not necessarily a cure for the body of diseases or sickness but a spiritual healing with God. As health care providers, a personâ€™s spiritual beliefs and religion should always be acknowledged and respected even if it is different from what providers believe. Spiritual beliefs should always be incorporated in the plan of care for each person. For that is part of the healing process. In both religions, true healing comes from God.
The Author is a Christian and also believes that all healing comes from God. Healing is not subjected to the body alone. Total healing consists of the mind, body and soul. God gave man the technology and knowledge to perform many medical procedures, But the author looks to God first and prays about everything for guidance from him. What has been learned is that everyoneâ€™s religions and beliefs should be respected even if we donâ€™t believe in it or understand it. The common goal is to provide the best care that we can in a holistic manner.
All About God (2015). Islamic worldview. Retrieved from http://www.allaboutworldview.org/islamic-worldview.htm
BBC (2014). Religions: Christianity. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/Christianity.
Christian Apologetics & Research Ministry (n.d.). Comparison grid between Christianity and Islamic doctrine. Retrieved from https://carm.org/comparison-grid-between-christianity-and-islamic-doctrine
PBS (2014). Beliefs and daily lives of Muslims. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/teach/muslims/beliefs.html
WiseGEEK (2015). What is Mecca? Retrieved from http://www.wisegeek.org/what-is-mecca.htm