Fourth tenth Amendment of US Constitution brought changes in concepts, state actions, privileges and other factors has been considered in the Amendment of US Constitution. All these factors are being considered in section one. The section two of the 14th Amendment of US Constitution, consists of apportionment to representatives to Congress. The third section of the 14th Amendments in US constitution, insurrection or rebellion against the US from federal office. The section four is stating federal debt and repudiates debts that has been done by US government.
Representatives shall be apportioned among the several states according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each state, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the executive and judicial officers of a state, or the members of the legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such state, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such state.
No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any state, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any state legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any state, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounty.
In the XIV amendment, the existence of various clauses will definitely help the US Constitution in bringing the better infringement of the resource development. Prior to the civil war, both state and national citizenship were the main concern of the government and was main controversy. State citizenship was important because of the fact that proper level of identification of resource distribution process is important and it has to be distributed among the common people and diversity of citizenship is not going to benefit the state. On the other hand, moving through the amendment of the constitution it is important for any government to bring in well maintained policies so that economic resources can be equally distributed evenly.
A flashpoint of the controversy over citizenship was the Supreme Court’s decision in 1857 in Dred Scott v. Sandford. Dred Scott, who had been held as a slave, sued the executor of his former master’s estate under the state-citizenship diversity jurisdiction of the federal courts, seeking a determination that he had become free because his master had voluntarily taken him into free territory. Chief Justice Taney concluded that Scott was not a citizen of any state for purposes of the diversity jurisdiction because the Constitution implicitly limited both state and national citizenship on racial grounds, generally excluding individuals like Scott who were of African descent. This and other aspects of Taney’s analysis were strongly disputed by dissenters on the Court and others, who noted that free blacks had in fact been viewed as citizens by many states at the Founding.
Republic party strongly opposed the case by claiming the fact that chief justice is not responsible for the slavery actions and they should not support the slavery and feudalism. It is important fact because of the reason that country need to take any kind of actions considering the benefit of everybody. It is one of the important aspects because of the fact that most of the policies will definitely aim in bringing high quality of administrative benefits.
Excluding slavery from the territories was the Republicans’ principal goal, so the Chief Justice had implied that the party was organized for an unconstitutional purpose. Led by Abraham Lincoln, the Republican Party won control of the White House in the election of 1860; and Lincoln’s Administration took the legal position, contra Taney, that free blacks were indeed American citizens. At the end of the Civil War, the Republican Party was in control of the 39th Congress, which started its first session in December 1865, at a time when the former Confederate states had formed new, white-dominated governments that restricted the rights of former slaves. In response to those discriminatory laws (generally referred to as “Black Codes”), Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866, which declared that all persons born or naturalized in the United States were citizens of the United States and the state in which they lived, thereby affirming a rule of citizenship by birth that did not depend on race.
Bringing in equality is batting for the improvement of resources that could have used the improvement of political benefits that will definitely going to help the economy in choosing better level of resource building abilities to grow and develop.
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