The overall architecture of the mosque is mainly shaped strongly by the regional traditions of the time as well as place wherein it was being built. The structure and architecture of mosque are in different forms and it is the quintessential Islamic building. The mosque, masjid is defined as the Muslim gathering place for prayer and it means the place of prostration as well. The home of the Prophet Muhammad is basically considered to be the first mosque and the major style of the mosque has been known as hypostyle mosque which means many columns and the different mosques which are being built in Arab lands tries to use the respective style for centuries.
The entire style as well as layout along with decoration can vary in a great manner and because of the common function of the mosque as the place for the congregational prayer, there are certain architectural aspects and features which appear in the different mosques in all over the world. In addition, the most prominent and fundamental feature of the congregational mosque related architecture is the fact that it is able to hold the entire male population of the town or city. To that end, the different congregational mosques require to have large prayer hall which will be suitable for the individuals in order to perform prayer. Within the entire courtyard, there is inclusion of the water fountain, wherein the water helps in providing respite in hot lands and it is essential for the ablutions which is done before the prayer is commenced and it will be helpful for the individuals to perform the prayer in such kind of environment.
The other most essential element related to the architecture of the mosque is mihrab which is considered to be the niche in the wall that helps in indicating the direction of Mecca towards which the different Muslim population prat. Mecca is the city in which Prophet Muhammad was born and it was the home of the most prominent Islamic site named Kabba. The other aspect which is required to be considered in the architecture of the mosque is the Minaret, which is regarded as the tower which is adjacent and attached to the mosque from which the call to the prayer is announced. Minarets take the different kinds of forms which includes the famous spiral minaret of Samarra, to the tall along with pencil minarets of ottoman Turkey which is the most significant aspects of Mosque related architecture.
Most of the historical mosques are not stand-alone buildings and the different incorporated charitable institutions like the soup kitchens along with schools and hospitals are the most important aspects of the Islamic which calls the different Muslims to donate a small portion of their income to the poor individuals. The commissioning of the mosque can be considered as the pious act on the part of the ruler or other wealthy patron and it includes in the calligraphic decoration of the mosques in the different countries.
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