The Louver Museum of Paris is the largest art museum in the world and is considered as a historic monument in Paris, France. It sits along the banks of river Seine at Paris. The museum is present in Louver Palace that is originally built as the Louvre castle in the late 12th to 13th century under `King Philip II. Remnants of the fort can be seen at the basement of the museum. Museum. In 1682, Louis XIV moved from the riyal residence to Versailles and the museum became the house of various academic and arts.
The Louvre was actually built as a fortress 1190, but was reconstructed in 16th century as a part of the royal palace. In 1682. Louis XIV was moved to the royal residence of Versailles. This way Louvre housed arts and architecture offering exhibition of the contemporary artists.
The state and King’s cabinet controlled the art production in the country, such that museum played an important role. The building was the seat of the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture’s seat. The agency was responsible for the training of various artists, art criticism and art exhibitions. The French Academy’s members met at the museum for debating about the types of arts that were officially acceptable. Selected people were often invited for seeing the artworks. The museum which is now open for the common people were restricted to the visitors of elite class only. Hence, the building was like a fortress that was under the rule of the ruling class.
During the French Revolution, Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette was removed forcibly from Versailles and was imprisoned in Tuilleries Palace, which was adjacent to Louvre. They were beheaded in the year 1793. Besides the symbolic acts demolition of the monarchs, the French revolutionists controlled the artwork of the museum by taking control over the museum. Churches and Palaces were nationalised and the fortress was reconstructed as the museum. Finally, the museum was opened for everyone.
Louvre was opened as a museum in August 1793 housing a collection of 537 paintings, marking a one year since the expulsion of Louis XVI. The museum was closed in the year 1796 due to some structural issues with the building. The museum was reopened by Napoleon, expanding the collection of paintings. Today museum houses the crown jewels that are preserved and sealed under the glass. Once the fortress was the personal property of the French royalty and private collections, the Museum is open to everyone and were put on view.
Louvre contained several collections like Egyptian antique pieces, ancient Greek and Roman antiques and paintings by the Old Masters and crown jewels form French nobles. The displays were divided in to departments like the Greek Etruscans, Roman antiques, Islamic arts, prints and drawings. One of the Louvre’s famous work is “MonaLisa”, one of the finest work of Leonardo-da- Vinci. Crowds also gather there to witness the armless beauty of “Venus de Milo” , “winged victory”. Some of the other notable works include “Hammurabi’s code”, “the dying slave “ of Da-Vinci and Antonio Canova’s 18 the century sculpture “Psyche revived by cupid’s kiss”.
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