Appeasement has the basic meaning of surrendering to an aggressor in the hope that the aggression will be diverted and ceased elsewhere. The term is used to refer to the foreign policy that was used by the government of Britain towards Germany and Italy. Among politicians, academics and diplomats, the policy of appeasement has been the subject of intense debate. Appeasement is the process of appeasing the dictator which provided the evidence that the thirst for aggression increases due to conciliation and this leads to the initiation of the war. In the context of appeasement with Hitler, it was outlined that his desire for aggression due to conciliation resulted in the initiation of the World War II and assisted in ceasing the remainder of Czechoslovakia. There are many lessons on the appeasement in the period right before the World War II outbreak. The roots of appeasement has been primarily laid in the post-World War I weakness and there were various factors that motivated the adoption of appeasement.
A policy of appeasement was adopted by the western capitalist countries in response to the aggressive designs of the fascist which permitted the fascist to plan their designs and faced cooperation from the western capitalist. Appeasement policy is identified as the diplomatic policy of material concession and material political to such power that is considered to be aggressive for avoiding any conflict. The policy of appeasement is the diplomatic policy for making concession to the enemy country intended to avoid the war. The policy It is the policy adopted by a nation for maintaining peace by agreeing to the demands of a potentially hostile nations such as the policy adopted by Britain government towards the Hitler of Germany in year 1937-1938. Different countries of Europe such as France, Britain and United States made the policy of appeasement which was an attempt to re assert their self-respect, bearings and exasperation for probing the questionable reasoning and mass of emotional pretence. There were various reasons that made appeasement popular. People of Britain and Chamberlain was distressed to avoid the occurrence of another World War as the main ally of Britain was weakened and their empire was overstretching its policies and the major rearmament could not afford by the country.
The policy of appeasement was adopted by Britain for various reasons during the inter war period. Firstly, they had an immense fear of communism and communist Russia and the interest clash between Russia and Britain in China, Europe and Middle East also resulted the government of Britain to adopt the policy of appeasement. In addition to this, the apprehension of the uprising communist in Britain on account of Comintern activities also formed the basis of adoption of appeasement policy. This is so because a mere mention of communism created a kind of panic amongst the propertied classes of Britain. Consequently, the hatred feeling of Britain against Soviet Union made them provide assistance to all such countries who were against the Soviet Union. Some other reasons that were associated with the appeasement policy of Britain was to balance the power in the international politics as it was expected that the mutual conflict between Germany, Japan and Soviet Union would exhaust them and would help the Britain in maintaining her seclusion. In addition to this, the difference between the France and Britain concerning the issues of reparations, collective security, recovery of German and disarmament. Also, after the World War II, the internal weakness of Britain also resulted in adoption of appeasement. The precarious state of the economy of Britain, sundry embarrassments within the economy and indecisiveness of the policy contributed to predetermining the appeasement. Furthermore, the incapability of the ruling circles in Britain that helped them in correctly understanding the ambitions and characters of Axis powers also contributed to the adoption of appeasement policy by Britain. Therefore, from the discussion, it is clear that the policy of appeasement was adopted by Britain due to economic reasons, attitude to the treaty of Versailles, weakness of military, empire concern, lack of reliable allies, fear of communism, pacifism and public opinion. Therefore, all such identified reasons were in support of the adoption of the policy of appeasement by the country Britain.
The term treaty of Versailles is considered to be the most imperative peace treaties that ended the World War II that is the state of war between Germany and its allied power ended with the help of such treaty. It is referred to as the peace documents consisting of articles that settled out the terms of punishment of Germany which was signed on 28th June, 1919. The treat as dominated by the big four national leaders of United State, France, Britain and Italy. Germany was deemed to be the aggressor in the war as per the clause of war guilt in the treaty and as a consequence of this, the country was held responsible to the damage caused to their allied nations and had to make reparations for the damage sustained and losses made in the war. However, the German bitterly criticized the treaty of Versailles and later in the years after, the treaty was altered and revised after ratification.
The terms of Treaty of Versailles include returning of Alsace to France and also that German colonies would surrender as the mandates of League of Nations. It further included forbidding of Germany to have a U boats or air force, disallowing Germany and Austria to unite in future, surrendering of territory of Germany to Belgium, limiting the army of Germany to 100000 volunteer troops. In addition to this, Sudetenland would be considered as part of country Czechoslovakia and awarding of port cities of German on the Baltic to the new country Poland.
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