Berlin Airlift called as the first battle of the Cold War. This happened in 1949 when all the routes were blocked for Berlin. It was a military operation in late 1940s that brought food and goods into West Berlin by air when the government of East Germany which was surrounding the West Berlin had cut off its supply routes.
The reason Berlin Airlift happened is that the Russians had cut off access from the Allied zones of occupation which was in the West Germany to West Berlin. This was in the Russian zone which later became East Germany. So the only way for Allies was that, either they had to supply food to West Berlin by air or had to surrender it.
The Berlin Blockade was an attempt in 1948 by the Soviet Union to limit the ability of France, Great Britain and the United States to travel to their sectors of Berlin. Berlin was within the Russian- occupied East Germany. Berlin Blockade was one of the first major international crises of the cold war.
The main reason behind the Soviet Union to begin Berlin Blockade was to prevent the United States from distributing Marshall Plan funds. This plan could influence anti- communist thought they were in Berlin.
Stalin started taking over the Eastern Europe by salami tactics and Czechoslovakia had turned to Communist in March 1948. The USA had adopted the Truman Doctrine to ‘contain’ the USSR. This was also an event in cold war between the superpowers. Another reason of Berlin Blockade was that the USA and USSR had different aims or plans that they wanted to do to Germany. The USSR disagreed with Britain and the USA at Potsdam in July 1945. Stalin wanted to destroy Germany and the USSR had been stripping East Germany to capture its wealth and machinery. On the other hand both Britain and the USA wanted to rebuild Germany’s industries to make it a wealthy trading partner. This was to not to repeat the same mistakes done by Versailles. The difference in aims was the main cause of Berlin Blockade. They both had different policies that resulted in conflict. These were two causes which underlay the conflict in Berlin in 1948.
The after effect of Berlin blockade on cold war was that Germany and Berlin would remain a tension in Europe during Cold War. As the Berlin Blockade was a low point for International relations, the USA, France, and Britain announced for the formation of German Federal Republic in West Germany. The effect of cold war in Berlin was it divided the city into four parts. Each part was occupied by one of the four allied armies; U.S, Soviet, British, and French. This also resulted in building a wall which could separate Berlin into East Berlin and West Berlin. This wall was built to prevent people from fleeing East Berlin, no one could ever enter into each other’s region. This separated the demographic western countries and the communist countries of Eastern Europe.
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