$20 Bonus + 25% OFF
Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now!
Add File

Error goes here

Define Strong Acids And Bases.:State The Examples

Referencing Styles : Harvard | Pages : 1
  • University: Victoria University
  • Country: AU

A strong is a kind of acid, which ionized or dissociated completely with the aqueous solution. For losing a proton H+, it is the species of chemical, which is in high capacity. The strong acid releases one proton in the water. Then the water captures the proton to form hydronium ion.

The conversion of Hydronium ion HA(aq) + H2O → A-(aq) + H3O+(aq)

Polyprotic acid and diprotic acids can lose many protons. Only the strong acid reaction and the pKa value make the acid to lose its first proton. pKa is the constant of small logarithm, which includes in the strong acid. The constant of large logarithm of large acid dissociation is Ka. A strong base or a strong acid dissociates or ionizes in a water solution. One mole HA ionizes and it yields one mole H+. It forms hydronium ion H3O+. A- is thee conjugate base of the mole of strong acid. After that HA does not remain any non-ionized acid.  

Strong acid: H2O + HA → H3O+(aq) + A-(aq)

Strong base: H2O + BOH → OH-(aq) + B+(aq) 

Acid is a compound of ion, which reacts with the water solution for producing the hydrogen ions. The more convenient process of describing the acid is that it donates the proton readily. The hydrogen atom is an atom without electron and it is a proton of the acid. The bases in the spectrum accept the proton readily. If the acid is weak acid, it hesitates to participate in the reaction. When it passes the parcel it, start donates the proton. In other way, it donates proton, when it is highly efficient. Most of the strong acids are corrosive. There are some super acids, which are not corrosive but many weak acids such as hydrofluoric can be corrosive highly. When the concentration of the acid increases, the ability of the dissociation of the acid decreases. In the normal water, the strong acid ionizes completely. In any extreme concentrated solution the acid does not ionizes or dissociate. Since there are several weak acids, some example of the common strong acids are as follows:

  • Hydrochloric acid HCl
  • Nitric acid HNO3
  • Sulfuric acid H2SO4
  • Hydrobromic acid HBr
  • Hydroiodic acid HI
  • A liquid strong acid is methane sulfonic acid
  • A soluble strong acid is p-toluene sulfonic acid

All the following acids dissociate or ionize with the water completely. Therefore, they are considered as strong acid as they dissociate with the water. They are not much acidic than hydronium ion H3O+.

The nitric acid HNO3 and the chloric acid HCLO3 are the example of the non-acidic ion. Some of the chemists consider the bromic acid, perbromic acid, periodic acid and hydronium acid to be the strong acids.

If the donation of the proton in the water solution is used for the primary criterion of the strength of the acids, the strongest to weakest acids will be:

  • Magic acid FSO3HSbF5
  • Fluoroantimonic acid H[SbF6
  • Triflic acid CF3SO3H
  • Carborane super acid H(CHB11Cl11
  • Fluorosulfuric acid FSO3H

These all mentioned acids are the super acids. These are defined as acid. These are much acidic the 100 percent sulfuric acid. The super acids pronate the water permanently. The aspects that determine the strength of the acids are as follows:

Acidity increases when then atomic radius increases. HCL is less strong acid than the HI ion. Chlorine is smaller atom than the iodine. The conjugate bases are the electronegative base in the periodic table of same period. This is more acidic than others are. When the atoms are more positively charged, the acidity increases highly. In the other way, it can be said that it is very easy to take the proton from a strong acid with a negative charge. When the strong acid ionizes or dissociate, the equilibrium is reaching to the conjugate base. In this type of case of the strong acid, the equilibrium favors with the right chemical equation strongly. The conjugate base is very weak than the water in the acid and water solution. In the most applications, the acid with strong strength reacts as a solvent with the water. The non-aqueous solvents are in the acidity and the basicity. The strong may catalyze the chemical reactions. The strong acids can be inorganic or organic in nature. This handle the chemical burns very carefully. These acids are very crucial to catalyze the reaction, which includes hydrolysis and synthesis of the carbonyl compounds. pKa defines the strong acids. The acids are stronger than the other acid in the water solution. The hydronium is less acidic in nature. pKa is lower than hydronium ion. Therefore, the Strong acids can have a pKa of less than -174.

The chemical process of the hydrolysis of decomposition involves in the splitting bond and then it adds the hydrogen in the hydroxide ion in the water. A condensing alcohol forms the estera compound and the acid eliminates the water. The functional group of the carbon oxygen is consisting in the compound. The group is joined with the carbon and the oxygen atom by double bond joining. Amides, ketones, esters, carbonyl halides, aldehydes, carboxylic acids have the characteristics in the carbonyla divalent group.

The straightforward example includes the bases of the strength of the acids and the bases of the acids. The straightforward acids always deal with the strong acids and the strong acid base. The strong acids such as HNO3 or the HCL, are the good donor of the protons. After that, none of its molecule left in the solution. All the molecules of HCL transfer the protons to the molecule of H2O. There is only Cl(aq) and H3O+(aq) ions in the aqueous solution. In the same way, the strong acid bases such as NaH or BaO are good acceptors of the protons. They are not able to stay in the solution. The entire oxygen ion converted into OH ions and they accept the protons from the water molecules. The water molecules are converted into OH ion. BaO solution contains the OH(aq) and Ba2+(aq) ions.


OR has emerged as one-stop solution for students in USA. We have assembled a team of experts to help students from different fields of study. With a pool of 3000+ experts, we are capable of providing top-notch quality plagiarism-free assignments within any short deadline. Our assignment writing services cover more than 100 subjects such as accounting assignment help, maths assignment help, economics assignment help, law assignment help and statistics assignment help.

Save Time & improve Grade

Just share requirement and get customized Solution.

We will use e-mail only for:

arrow Communication regarding your orders

arrow To send you invoices, and other billing info

arrow To provide you with information of offers and other benefits

Add File

Error goes here




Overall Rating



Our Amazing Features


On Time Delivery

Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.


Plagiarism Free Work

Using reliable plagiarism detection software, only provide customized 100 percent original papers.


24 X 7 Live Help

Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat. If you are unable to calculate word count online, ask our customer executives.


Services For All Subjects

Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.


Best Price Guarantee

Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.

Our Experts

Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

154 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Harold Alderete

PhD in Economics

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

2632 Order Completed

100% Response Time

Albert Ambrosio

MSc in Nursing

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 4/5

1309 Order Completed

100% Response Time

Gemmie Chen

MSc in Nursing

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

1592 Order Completed

96% Response Time

Jane Sima

Ph.D in Psychology with Specialization in Industrial-Organizational Psychology

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me

FREE Tools


Plagiarism Checker

Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.


Essay Typer

Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.


GPA Calculator

Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.


Chemical Equation Balancer

Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.


Word Counter & Page Calculator

Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.

Refer Just 5 Friends to Earn More than $2000

Check your estimated earning as per your ability




Your Approx Earning

Live Review

Our Mission Client Satisfaction

Site says it will give you an essay, but only gave a paragraph. When an essay is advertised, it is expected to receive an essay.


User Id: 617334 - 24 Feb 2021


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Nice work ! Great Job! Defetnely very helpful realy 5 star job Thank you!!!!!!!!!!!!!


User Id: 614520 - 24 Feb 2021


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Fantastic work by expert! They follow your needs. Couldn\'t ask for better quality work!


User Id: 453763 - 24 Feb 2021


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Thank you. Amazing work. Truly would be using this organization within the near future.


User Id: 598989 - 24 Feb 2021


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating
Define Strong Acids And Bases.... has been added in your library.
callback request mobile
Have any Query?