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This is my tutor feed back:
The document was organized with good use of headings. You used consistent formatti ...
This is my tutor feed back:
The document was organized with good use of headings. You used consistent formatting
throughout, but I did find one heading that was too long. You might want to consider
rephrasing it to make it more concise. I thought the introduction was clear and it let me know
what to expect in the sections below.
Unfocused paragraphs: Your paragraphs should be as focused as possible. Currently, there
are some instan ces where the paragraph loses focus. When writing paragraphs, ensure you
have one main idea per paragraph. This means that the first sentence of your paragraph
indicates the controlling idea of the paragraph, and the rest of the information in that
paragra ph is related to it.
We recommend Choice of language
This was one of your weaker areas. I found numerous instances of unclear and informal
language, clunky wording, and incorrect word choice. I also flagged a number of
Informal language: To improve the overall quality of your writing, you will need to use
more sophisticated/academic wording. For instance, rather than writing 'give' try using a
word such as 'provided'.These simple changes can have a very positive impact upon the
quality of your writing.
Sometimes the way ideas are expressed may be unclear. This c an be the result of poor word
choice or wordorder or the ideas are confused. It is important to read over your work
carefully, preferably aloud, todetermine if the meaning is clear.
Clarity: Using more words than are necessary to convey our message can mak e the
sentence/paragraph quitewordy and confusing. Using more clear and concise language will
eradicate this issue and will improve theoverall quality of your writing.
Acronyms: Spell out the words on first use, put the acronym in parentheses, then use the
acronym for allsubsequent uses. For example, Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to
Unnecessary language: Some people believe that good writing is characterised by highly
complex languageand sentences. In fact, this is not the cas e. It is better to use simple
language and sentence structures tocommunicate ideas, being mindful that language must
be appropriate for the context and audience. By usingprecise words and eliminating
wordiness and redundancy (unnecessary repetition), your writing will be clear,concise and
easy to understand. For example, 'The investment had some costly results' is much more
concisethan 'the investment had some bad results that cost the firm a lot of money'. To
eliminate wordiness, try andsubstitute precise words for long phrases.
Incorrect word choice: To improve the clarity and quality of your writing, ensure that you are
using the mostappropriate words within each context. Incorrect word choice can significantly
hinder the meaning for areader.
Repetition: Be mindful of using similar language too frequently. In a highlighted instance of
your text, youhave included the repeated words quite close together. An alternative wording
choice may be required tominimise reader confusion and ensure a more natural flow.
Spelling / Grammar
I have flagged a number of errors in this area. I found instances of missing definite and
indefinite articles,commas and colons. I have also highlighted run -on sente nces and incorrect
Indefinite articles: In the fo llowing sentence, the indefinite article 'a' is used before the noun
'pen'. In thiscase, it it used because it is referring to a pen, but does not need to specify which
pen. E.g. 'The teacher gaveme a pen.' For nouns that begin with a vowel (a, e, i, o, or u), you
would use the indefinite article 'an'. E.g. 'Theteacher gave me an apple.
Run -on sentences: A run -on sentence occurs when a sentence combines two or more
independent clauseswithout using appropriate punctuation or a conjunction to separate
them. F or example: ‘The research wasconducted by an in -depth survey the results were
interpreted by the team.' Here the two independentclauses – ‘The research was conducted
by an in -depth survey’ and ‘the results were interpreted by the team’ –should be separated
by a semi -colon (‘The research was conducted by an in -depth survey; the results
wereinterpreted by the team'), a full -stop (‘The research was conducted by an in -depth
survey. The results wereinterpreted by the team’), or a conjunction (‘The research was
conducted by an in -depth survey, and theresults were interpreted by the team’).
Colons: A colon is generally used to introduce more information. The information can take
the form of a list,phrases or clauses, or a quote. For example: Please bring the follow ing
items to class: your homework diary, anotebook, your pencil case and your textbook. The
instructions said: 'Connect part A to part B'.
Comma usage: A comma should be used to separate interrupting words/phrases/clauses
from the rest of thesentence. Thes e interrupting words/phrases/clauses should add extra
information, but they should notchange the actual meaning of the sentence if removed. For
example: That student, John, was very helpfultoday. Mrs Smith, the new sports teacher,
showed us a new technique . John, who has just been made aStudent Councillor, is presenting
his speech at assembly.
Healthcare ethics/Medical ethics can be known as the application of core principles of
bioethics to the decisions made in a medical or a healthcare setting . The ethics help in
providing service through multidisciplinary lens, to the public and to understan d their
complex issues so that the recommendations can be made for complex issues (1) . These
ethical codes and issues are applied on all the Healthcare providers (HCPs). Pharmacists are
also the healthcare providers that help in providing the people with a ppropriate medication so
that the patients can be provided with appropriate treatment (2) . The branch of pharmacy is
also works under the ethical code of conduct.
The paper describes the scenario of a pharmacist who has been reported for knowingly
providi ng employees with ‘Absence from work certificates’ for gaining additional pay for
them and will apply code of ethics and the breach of legislation regarding the case scenario.
In addition, the paper will also assess the ethical problems that occurred durin g the practice.
And will apply the consequences that can be faced by the healthcare professionals when
breach of legislation is reported. The paper will provide Gibbs’s reflection on the
scenario (Your tone is too informal here. Try to choose words that are more formal. These words
can simply be replaced with an 'is' (This area is missing words or phrases that, if added, would
help your writing be more grammatically complete and clear to the reader .),
Ethical codes, legislation and standards
Code of ethics can be considered as the codes that helps in supporting the pharmacists and
forms a base that helps the pharmacists to apply the practice with responsibilities. These
codes or principles are based on the moral obligations and the virtues which are establis hed
for the pharmacists as a guide to the relationship between the pharmacists and the patients
(6). The pharmacy board of Australia has developed various codes and guidelines according
to which a pharmacist should work . Along with this , the Australian hea lth Practitioner
regulation agency has launched the guidelines and notifications for the registered healthcare
professionals along with the help of the National Registration and Accreditation agency (4).
The pharmaceutical society of Australia released th e code of ethics for pharmacists which
helps in the articulation of the values of the profession of pharmacy and the expected
standards of the ethical behavior of the healthcare professionals or pharmacists towards the
individuals, public and community (5) (The meaning here is unclear. I'm not exactly sure what
you are trying to say here ). The three codes of ethics released by PSA (PSA
With acr onyms, spell out the words on first use, put the acronym in parentheses ( ), then use the
acronym for all subsequent uses.
The code of ‘Care ’ explains that a pharmacist makes the health and the well being of a
particular individual of a patient, his first priority and practices and promotes patient centered
care. Along with this, a pharmacist also exercises professional judgement in the interest of the
wider community and the patients (6) (Your tone is too informal here. Try to choose words that
are more formal. Consider a more formal term (e.g. additionally or moreover A colon is needed
here in order to improve the clarity of the sentence. Please refer to notes in the Feedback
Summar y). The code of ‘Competency’ explains that a pharmacist demonstrates commitment
for the self -development and the de velopment of the pharmacy practice. A pharmacist also
works in collaboration with the others so that they can deliver a person -centered care and can
increase positive treatment outcome (3). The code of ‘Integrity’ explains that a pharmacist
acts with integ rity and remains honest with the patients so that they can maintain trust and
confidence with the patients. Along with this, the pharmacists only work in those situations
which upholds the professional judgement (6) .
Along with this, the law of Health Prac titioner regulation national law (ACT) was also
launched by the government of Australia for the effective working of the healthcare
professionals in a healthcare setting. the objectives and guiding principles of the law is to
regulate the health practition ers and the registration of the students who are undertaking the
practice of healthcare practitioner along with the clinical training (7) . The objectives of the
To provide the public with the protection and with trained and qualified practice.
To facilitate the workforce mobility of the public across the country so that the b
burden can be removed from the healthcare practitioners (7) .
To facilitate the high -quality practice to the public with the help of education and
training regarding the heal thcare professionals
To facilitate the responsive assessment of the trained HCPs (7).
The standards were also released by the government which relates with the common aspect to
all the allied healthcare professionals. There are five standards which provide guidelines to
the healthcare professionals who work in ACT health regarding the professional practice (8) .
(You have repeated this word. Please change them if they are not direct quotations. )Along with
this, these standards help in informing the community about the required professional
practice for the HCPs who work in ACT health (8) . Also, there were guidelines that were
released for the pharmacists under the fair work act 2009, relating to the issuing of the
absence from work certificates that explains the responsibilities of the pharmacists to issue
the certificate (8) .
The ethical problems relating to the case scenario
The case scenario is based on the breach of the ethical conduct and the legislation of ACT in
which a pharmacist was reported for knowingly providing the people with ‘Absence from
work certificates’ for gaining additi onal payments (9) . The pharmacist who provided the
certificate was not in the area of expertise for providing the certificate to the patient.
Moreover, the pharmacist did not ideally confer with the illness of the patient. In addition to
this, the pharmaci st did not keep the copy of the patient’s condition and did not issue the
patient with the fee certificate. Along with this, the patient was unaware that the fee, the
pharmacist took was for his own benefit and the certificate was not authentic. The practi ce
breached standards, ethical codes and guidelines were released by the Australian health
practitioner regulation agency, pharmaceutical society of Australia, National Registration and
Accreditation agency, etc. The provision of the certificate comes unde r the pharmacists who
have obligations in providing the certificate and it is mandatory that they provide real and
authentic certificates to the patients so that there are no future complications (6) . (The word
choice is inappropriate for the context. Please try to rephrase this. I think what you are trying to
say is that the individual was not qualifie d)
The practice breached many rules, regulations, laws, s tandards, etc. Under the law of First
work act, 2009 launched by APHRA , it has been established that a pharmacist is allowed to
provide the people with medical and absence from work certificates but they should be
authentic and verified and a record of the fee and the consultation should be maintained . This
law was not maintained by the pharmacist as the pharmacist never kept the record of
consultation and certification fee (10) . Along with this, the pharmacist is obliged to make a
person satisfied by the t reatment and is under the obligation to provide the people with
complete, truthful and accurate information about the services before the consultation (10).
Th e legal obligations of the pharmacists are that they should supply, compound and dispense
the medicines and provide the professional pharmacy services which includes advice relating
to the minor conditions and the safe and effective use of medicines (10) . The guidelines
launched by PSA establishes that a ph armacist should only provide the people with the
certificate when they think that the knowledge provided is considerable regarding the health
issue of the person. In addition, it can be said that any pharmacist is not obliged to provide
the people with the absence from work certificatio n upon the request. The pharmacist, in this
case, never provided the patient with face -to-face consultation and did not submit any written
request of the certification. These above -mentioned obligations were not followed by t he
pharmacist as he stood unaware of patient’s situations and never made an effort to assess the
condition of the patients which resulted in malpractice for personal gains (The focus of this
paragraph becomes a little unclear. Remember to stick to one main idea per paragraph
Please, ADD mentioning the STANDARDS of practice WHICH ARE BREACHED
ACCORDING TO ‘AHPRA’ AND ‘PSA’at least 5 -7 standard in points) .
A pharmacist is trusted by the patients as they are certified by the Australian Pharmacy Board
so it is the duty of a pharmacist to provide the patients with truth ful and authentic
documentation ( You have repeated this phr ase in close succession. You might want to consider
just using 'their and Try and avoid the use of unnecessary words as it leads to wordiness and
poor readability .') Working under these rules also helps the pharmacist to provide the patients
with authentic and valuable certification and can stop the consequences that are faced by the
people who present fake certificates in their workplace and prevents the cancellation of the
pharmacist’s license (10 ). Other responsibilities of the pharmacists include that the people
who ask for the certificates should be provided with a confidential and decisive environment
so that they can openly express their problems and/or medical conditions. (6) . The pharmacist
should ask appropriate questions that can help in the asse ssment of the condition of the
patient . Do me a favor stop repeating useless words and sentences, it is not relevant in this
The pharmacist also neglected the code of ethics relating to the provision of the services to
the patient as he did not take the patient’s health and well -being on his first priority which led
the patient to face problem in the workplace (6) . Moreover, the pharmacist did not provide
the patient with the person -centered care as is mentioned in the code of ethics. He also did not
provide the patient with the continual development of his practice as continual development
of the practice as it aids in providing the patients with effective and quality healthcare
supplies and improve the health outcomes of severely affected patients . The pharmacist did
not maintain the trust and honesty and neglected collaboration with other healthcare
professionals which would have helped him in gaining maintaining competence with the
healthcare professionals (10).
The standards established by APHRA and PSA were breached in this case. The breached
obligations were that the considered it appropriate to provide the patient with certificate even
without any face -to-face consultation and without gaining any information about the patient’s
condition (9) . The pharmacist was not qualified to assess the patient’s condition. In addition,
the pharmacist did not recommend the patient to the doctor for further consultation. The
pharmacist did not provide the patient with the truth behind his working and with the
certification of consultation fee (9) . The pharmacist never informed the patient about the
price of the certificate. Along with this, the date, date of consultation, legibility of the
certificate, etc. , were fake. The pharmacist never received the req uest for the certification
from the patient and did not ask for it. Along with this, he never provided the patient with the
background of his service. In addition, he never completed the record for consultation and
made an assessment in relation to the inj ury or the illness of the patient (10) .
Potential consequences for the patient
The provision of fake ‘absence from work’ or medical certificate can impact the patient
adversely and can result in the termination of the employee who provide d fake certificat e.
Along with this, the provision of fake medical and absence from work certification can be
taken as a criminal offence ( 11) . In addition to this, wrong assessment of the patient leads to
collection of wrong information which results in the making of unau thentic certificate
including irrelevant injuries and issues. As a result, the certificate contains false information
which makes the employee a criminal , as he has run against the policies of the company (12) .
Consequences faced by HPC and the steps that can be done to avoid the practice in
future (This heading is quite wordy. Please try to rephrase it and make it more concise .)
Being a pharmacist, there are certain duties which should be fulfilled . I can say that
pharmacists who provide the patients with fake medical certificates can be taken into custody
for not abiding by the laws, l egislation and the standards that are made for the professional
practice and can face legal actions and prosecution (13) . There are specific steps launched by
the APHRA to avoid this malpractice in future (9) . The pharmacists of healthcare
professionals ca n seek for a request certificate at the time when the people come seeking
‘absence from work certificate’. This step is followed by providing the person with the
information about the service and the working of the pharmacist. After this, a consultation of
the person seeking ‘absence from work certificate’ is conducted followed by the record
keeping of the consultation. The pharmacist can then follow the step of assessing whether the
certificate can be issued in the relation with the illness or the injury o f the person. The
pharmacist then completes the certificate and receive the payment for the certificate and
stores the record regarding the issue of the certificate in an appropriate manner (9 ).
The pharmacist can face issues relating to the provision of the fake certificate as it degrades
the respect and the autonomy of the patient in him workplace setting as mentioned in the
Australian Capital territory Law (14) . The potential consequences can include the
determination of the negligence and the imposition of medical malpractice lawsuit along with
other actions like cancellation of pharmacist license (7). I think that the pharmacist can be
accused of not providing his practice according to the standards made by the ACT health
which tells to be tru thful and honest with the patients and providing them with the rights of
the patient along with therapeutic communication and professional boundaries (8) . Along
with this, the practitioner of HCP can be accused of not providing the patient with evidence -
ba sed practice , responsibilities of the HCPs and not working under the scope of practice
which could have resulted in further consequences in the patient’s life (8).
According to me, HCP can avoid these consequences and irresponsible practices in the future
by working in accordance with the standards, laws, legislation, guidelines and the principles
that are provided by the government of the country. Moreover, the pharmacists can work with
discipline and values that can help in eliminating the ethical miscond uct (17) .
Description : After looking upon the case, I can say that a pharmacist was reported for his
unethical conduct and for providing the people with ‘absence from work’ certificates for
gaining money .( Try usin g more clear and concise wording, to improve the clarity of this
sentence. There are several better options: considering, reviewing, assessing, etc .) I consider
this as a negligent situation as it can ruin life people because of the negligence, the healthcare
professionals present towards the public . I assessed that the pharmacist was not fully aware of
his obligations and as a result, he was reported by the people for his malpractic e.
Feelings: I can say that the case discussed , support s unethical values and neglect shown
regarding the health and feelings of the public. I can say that it is an unfortunate situation for
both the practitioner and the patient and cause d them to suffer severe consequences.
According to me, the practice of the pharmacist was very selfish and destructive , as he was a
social service provider and was providing his service to gain money.
Evaluation: The cas e can be considered as full of neglect and selfishnes s. The situation is
destructive as it can result in potential life long issues .( Try using more clear and concise
wording, to improve the clarity of this sentence .) The HCP in the case was very self -oriented
and showed negligence towards the patient. He expressed unprofessional and unethical
behavior which can become a cause of both the patient and himself. He also faced a problem
of being reported as a fraud. As a colleague pharmacist, I think that h e should have discussed
and collaborated with me and as a result, I would have provided him with important rules and
norms of pharmac y.
Analysis: The situation was unethical and degrading for both the patient and the pharmacist.
As a colleague, I can say that the situation could have been prevented if my colleague would
have considered discussing his malpractice . I think that the steps provided by the APHRA
and PSA can always be included in pharmacy as they provide clear information about the
practice whic h can prevent misconduct. The unethical situation could have ruined lives of
people which is why , I can say that the reporting of this situation was mandatory. I would say
that unprofessional behavior is not needed and should be reported immediately so tha t the
consequences of the malpractice can be prevented.
Conclusion: As a colleague pharmacist, I would never give a fake certificate to the patient as
it can degrade a person’s life and would have led me to severe consequences. Situations can
go out of co ntrol and can lead consequences like the cancelation of pharmacist’s license
which can ruin a HCP’s whole professional life. I would completely assess the patient and
would provide him with an authentic certificate with complete explanation of the patient’s
situation in my future practice.
Action plan : As a colleague, I learned from the assignment that I would never keep a patient’s
life at risk and would never breach the laws made by the government regarding the practice
of a pharmacist .( Try using more clear and concise wording, to improve the clarity of this
sentence .) I will al ways work in accordance with the standards and guidelines made for the
pharmacy practice. Along with this, I would look upon treating the people professionally and
will communicate with my colleagues to work in a situation. I will work with the steps
recom mend by APHRA and will never disappoint people through misconduct and
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return -1-rep -app -a~illicit -pubs -needle -return -1-rep -app -a-act
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