Language chosen is, Standard Arabic (Modern Standard) there is formal and informal in Arabic language Introduction: talking about the origin background of Arabic, including Map with topmost arabic language spoken countries. Basic linguistic information: talk through the alphabet and the script of Arabic language and what are the common words used in Arabic.(give basic typological morphology there is, what kind grammatical categories exist, etc.)
Word order in Arabic: discuss how the Arabic language use its word order and what does the grammar say about phrases structure rules in Arabic language, with some grammatical examples in arabic.Interrogative clause: explain how the interrogative clauses work in arabic language talking about how the sentence start (Arabic question words), with some example’s sentences in arabic spelling and translate them in English.
Imperative clause: explain how the imperative clause work in Arabic language the imperative in Arabic language refers to a request or command, so its meaning refers mainly to the future. Also, I’ll give some examples sentence in arabic spelling and translate them (talk about marked and unmarked orders e.g. what’s the status of SVO vs VSO).
Data: Talking about the countries who can speak arabic language fluently.is the arabic language still existed?( This refers to what text material will be used. E.g newspaper article, sentences that you come up with etc.) Hypothesis: find if there is other countries use some of the Arabic words in their language. (would be enough to illustrate the different kinds of ordering and explain their function)
• Discuss the Sentence structure of Arabic language provide some example. Arabic has 2 types of sentences: nominal and verbal.
• Looking at what processes can be used in arabic language to form new words, also I’ll be looking if the FORMAL ARABIC has compounds or derivation with affixes or with the other morphological operations
• Formation types used in arabic language, Complex meaning and start to analyse the words in type with some examples in Arabic writing.
• Looking for grammatical categories and their expression
• Grammar word classes in arabic language. There are three Arabic Word. Classes (letter, noun, and verb). Will be working on the examine the definitions, to test these definitions I will be provide some examples. Butting sentence in my language and describe them
• Syntactic structure, using Arabic example with transliteration and describe them in English meaning. also using basic constituent structure analyses of sentence in arabic.
• Rules and examples of Arabic noun phrases (NP)
• Rules and example of Arabic adjective phrases (AP)
• Rules and example of Arabic verb phrases (VP)
• Rules and example of Arabic preposition phrase (PP)
• Arabic syntactic analysis is restricted to basic sentence structures that include
This is more constituent structure, do it as a project idea. Investigate ordering on a constituent level and compares it with the phrase level.
1. SVO, VOS, and VSO sentences where the subject is an NP and the object is
2. Sentences followed by a PP adjunct.
• Constituency test: Movement, NP-Movement, different word orders arise movement of sentence constituents. Hence, a basic word order is assumed, and all other word orders are derived.
• Coordination: of arabic language provide some briefly explanation with examples. the coordination is an important linguistic phenomenon. It joins two or several
compounds using conjunctions.
Final project – Format & Layout
Overall aim: Form and layout should be neat and aid the reader in accessing your paper. This will be assessed in criterion #4
• Formal structure
o - title on separate page with author, student ID, unit name and number,
o - overt numbering and titled sections (e.g. 1. Introduction, 2. etc.)
o - margins ca. 2.5 cm
o - 1pt or 1.5 lines spacing
o - font size 12 pt (11pt is ok if Arial)
o - page numbers (not on p.1)
o - justified paragraphs, new paragraphs except for first after section title to be indented by .5 cm
o - separate reference section, appendix (corpus)
o - pdf format
o - all examples to be numbered and glossed appropriately; free translation for non-English examples
• Stylistic conventions
• paper must be proofread by a competent native speaker
• spelling mistakes, and punctuation
• language examples in italics, e.g. the word has four letters
• meanings in single quotation marks, e.g. the German word Baum means ‘tree’ in English
• any quotations in double quotation marks, e.g. she said: “I’ll leave you; exception: longer quotations, which appear in a separate indented paragraph; non-English quotations have to be translated.
• Style: Harvard
• always give page numbers, even in indirect quotations; I KNOW that this is not required by Harvard, but I do require it
• direct quotations must be verbatim (i.e. exactly as in the original) and in double quotation marks
• indirect quotations, e.g. summaries, must be clearly marked with respect to where they begin and where they end; typically the last sentence is taken as reference point.