This assessment will include 2000 words comprising of poster development for patient education, constructing a medication table for quick referencing of common antiarrhythmic medications and a written discussion comparing cardiac reperfusion procedural differences and associated surgical risks.
The assessment will require students to utilise relevant resources to assist in this assessment and support content with adequate and appropriate citations meeting 7th edition APA standards. A reference list will also need to be provided on submission.
Section 1: Patient Education Poster: How does my heart work?
In this activity you are looking at how to teach your patient about their own cardiac anatomy and physiology. Based on what you have explored in Module 1 you are to devise a poster that can be used as an education resource when explaining the function of the heart. Remember that you may be working with patients from various backgrounds, age groups and different educational perspectives - so you need to make it so that they can understand it. Please include your references at the bottom of the poster.
Some suggestions for poster building applications include: PowerPoint opens in new window, Canva opens in new window and PicMonkey opens in new window.
Section 2: Drug Therapies in relation to Cardiac Arrhythmias
This assessment requires you to write up a drug profile summary for antiarrhythmic medications and describe specifically how these drugs work on the heart. There are five (5) classes of antiarrhythmic medications to consider. You are to put this in a table using your own words. In text referencing is not required however at the bottom of this table you are to include the resources from where your information was derived. Include the following headings:
1. Drug Class
2. Type of Drug (eg. Beta blocker, calcium channel blocker etc.)
3. How it works on the heart specifically/Drug Action
4. Drug Names
5. Indications for use
6. Side Effects
7. Nursing Considerations
Section 3: Procedural Risks
Many patients are vulnerable and a considered to be at risk populations with complex cardiac problems and multiple comorbidities. These patients bring special 'risk' to any procedural intervention. These risk factors are then compounded by the clinical environment, the potential for the use of medications and anaesthetics, their physical condition of the patient and the reason they are undergoing a particular surgical intervention or procedure. Then you add the trauma due to the procedure itself and then you can start to picture why there are some patients who are at higher risks than others.
Patients experiencing AMI require coronary artery reperfusion. Surgically, this can be obtained through cardiac catheterisation (percutaneous coronary interventions) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).
In this section of your assessment, you are to compare both methods of coronary reperfusion and list four potential complications of each. In your answer, you are to list the cause for your chosen complications and a brief description of how these complications would be assessed and managed.
Section 4: Heart Valve Disease
Clinical practice guidelines have become an increasingly useful tool for supporting safe and efficient healthcare. In this assessment, you are to define rheumatic heart disease then refer to the 2020 Australian guideline for prevention, diagnosis, and management of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease (3rd Ed) and other reputable sources to discuss the medical and surgical management of one (1) valvular heart disorder of your choice. In your answer you are required to also provide a brief statement on two RHD complications and why these complications may occur. As our indigenous population is more at risk of developing infective endocarditis (IE) you are to provide recommendations to prevent IE for those at risk.