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Delving Deep: Brilliant Tips to Write a Gripping Essay on “Anatomy of the Deep State”
“Power does not corrupt. Fear corrupts…perhaps the fear of a loss of power”
–John Steinbeck (American author)
Rooted in these very words of the Nobel Prize-winning author lies the basic tenet of the Deep State and its implications. One of the most alarming phenomena in the current political scenario in the world, the Deep State is one of the many skeletons stashed away in the closets of the upper echelons of power dynamics in the USA. Writing an essay about the Deep State is no mean feat, and if anything, it requires a sharp and analytical mind and the guts to call a spade a spade. While giving rise to controversy in college is not the primary aim of the students, it is especially difficult to maintain a “politically correct” stance for topics like the Deep State that itself is steeped in a world of controversies of its own. However, the structure of a 5-paragraph essay by itself limits you within a set number of pages or words, so you will not need an insider pass into the annals of the capital to find information that is relevant to your topic.
Understanding what the “Deep State” is
Before you proceed to compose a critical analysis of the Deep State and the extent to which it is influential in the American political scenario, you must have an overview of what it actually is. The term has been making the rounds for quite a few years now and those of you who followed the graph of politics in the capital might have come across the term in sensational exposes about the corruption that is there for everyone to see, but none blinks an eye on the face of it. The term is used to describe the not-so-secret collaboration among federal employees and private figures (organisations, companies, business honchos and the like) to influence the policy and decision-making functions of the state with an utter disregard for democratic ideals or elected leadership.
From the very beginning, the term has been shrouded in a lot of mystery with a large number of journalists and educationists labelling it as a conspiracy theory. However, in reality, the turn of events in America with respect to global politics has planted seeds of doubt in the minds of even those who staunchly believed that the Deep State was entirely fictional. It has been recurrent in the works of eminent writers such as Michael Wolff, Marc Ambinder, Peter Dale Scott, and Mike Lofgren. Having a widespread network within the national security establishments, politicians, senators, leading telecommunications and cyber security consultancy agencies, and Wall Street bigwigs, Deep State is all-pervasive and stretches throughout the USA with a special concentration in and around Washington DC.
Within the American political framework, Deep State has been referred to continuously as being related to the “military-industrial” complex that, according to many, is the private face of the entity. Major political decisions during the last presidential campaign at the time of President Barack Obama’s tenure such as his inability to carry through the closure of the Guantanamo Bay Prison Camp and his meddlings in the Libya and Syria issues are said to have been influenced by the Deep State. While it exists right amid the eye of all political storms in the capital, the implicit role of the federal employees as a part of it is alarming indeed. This gross violation of the democratic rights of the citizens of the country by the ones involved in the inner workings of the Deep State is thus one of the primary issues that need to be addressed immediately for things to change for the better.
An overview of the 5-paragraph essay structure
Having a clearly outlined structure for a 5-pragaraph essay is as crucial as needing eggs to make meringues. Without a proper outline for your essay, the chances are that it will turn out to be a haphazard jumble of facts and your thoughts on the topic, described one by one following no logical order of sequencing. That is why it is essential that you have a clear idea in your mind about structuring your 5-paragraph essay.
The outline is even more necessary for topics such as the Deep State where you need to be at your analytical best to compose an essay that impresses your professors and speaks volumes about the budding investigative journalist in you. Here is an overview on how an ideal structure for a 5-paragraph essay should be, and you should be sticking to it as closely as you can to avoid ending up with a half-baked one having poor convincing skills.
A 5-paragraph essay generally consists of an introductory paragraph, three body paragraphs and one concluding paragraph. Depending on the topic of your essay, you can include one or two more paragraphs in the body of your essay but be careful not to include any more paragraphs for the introduction or conclusion.
- Introductory paragraph
The opening paragraph of your essay is where you need to pack in as much punch as you can. Just as the morning shows the day, so must the introduction of your essay set the tone for the rest of the piece. Falling short of tricks to woo the readers through the introductory paragraph is not a luxury that you can afford, so be prepared to be able to compose it in a way that hooks them to your essay at the very outset. Setting the perfect mood for your essay and making it a compelling read is not everyone’s cup of tea, but there are some ways that you can make it look appealing enough. For example, you can start your essay with a relevant quote that echoes your opinions about the topic. Or else, go for a fascinating fact or anecdote about the topic for your opening line that compels the readers to read further into your essay. There are two key elements that you must include in your introductory paragraph: a hook and your thesis statement.
- Hook: The hook is the opening sentence of your essay. The primary characteristic of a hook is an appeal that is hard to ignore, and hence the suggestions for a quote or anecdote that is interesting to the readers and relevant to your topic.
- Thesis statement: The thesis statement is the one-line summary of your take on the topic. It should be unambiguously worded and have a logical mainframe upon which it is based. The thesis statement is the one that you will be proving or disproving through the arguments of your essay in the body paragraphs.
- Body paragraphs
For the body of your essay, it is ideal to keep three paragraphs aside for the main three arguments and their supporting evidence. However, if you feel that you need to include more streams of arguments for your thesis statement to hold water, then you can introduce one more, or at the most, two paragraphs within the body of your essay. While creating the outline for your body paragraphs, you should be careful about the ordering of the arguments. Following a rational sequence of ordering, place the arguments in accordance with the topic one by one. The three main arguments – for example, Arguments X, Y, and Z – should be placed one after the other in separate paragraphs along with the supporting evidence that you will need to source from your research and background study prior to the composition of the essay. Leave room for a transitional sentence at the end of each body paragraph that ensures a smooth flow from one argument to the other within the mainframe of your 5-paragraph essay. The structure of your body paragraphs should be similar to the design given below.
- 1st body paragraph: Argument X followed by supporting evidence X1, X2, X3, and so on
- 2nd body paragraph: Argument Y followed by supporting evidence Y1, Y2, Y3, and so on
- 3rd body paragraph: Argument Z followed by supporting evidence Z1, Z2, Z3, and so on
- Concluding paragraph
The conclusion of your essay is as vital as the opening paragraph for it will be the one lingering in the minds of your readers long after they finish reading through the entirety of your essay. For the conclusion, you will need to summarise the essay in a few sentences without introducing any new line of argument or thought that you have not delineated in the body paragraphs of your essay. The concluding paragraph should also have a call to action at the end of it that inspires the readers to further action, such as signing up for a good cause or carrying out further research about the topic. A ruling characteristic of a well-written essay is rising action from the introductory hook, compelling body paragraphs topped off with a rousing call to action in the concluding paragraph. Placing the topic of your essay within a universal spectrum is a good way to wrap up your conclusion for the 5-paragraph essay. The following are two key elements of the conclusion that you must your essay.
- Reiterating the thesis statement: After summarising the essay in a few sentences, you should ideally restate the thesis sentence along with whether it was proven or disproven through the arguments of your essay. By restating the thesis statement, you will essentially be bringing your essay to a full circle thus giving it a sense of completion.
- Universal significance: The best way to wrap up your essay is by tying the topic to its universal significance. For example, if you write an essay on the causes of oil spills in a river within your country, you can mention the global impact of oil spills in the oceans and the large-scale damage it does to the ecology within the universal framework.
Tips to write an essay on the “Anatomy of the Deep State”
Mike Lofgren, former Republican Congressman, reveals the secrets of a “government within a government” in his famous non-fiction work named The Deep State: The Fall of the Constitution and the Rise of a Shadow Government. In this powerful expose, he spills all about what goes on in the annals of power in Washington DC and beyond, revealing the functioning of a government steeped in controversies and under-the-table deals with corporate bigwigs. The powerful orator touches upon this alarming issue once again in his much-proclaimed essay named Anatomy of the Deep State where he details the history, root causes and the main elements of the Deep State within the political framework of the USA. It is on this moving piece of work that you need to compose your 5-paragraph essay.
Here are a few expert pointers to help you create the outline for the structure of your essay on Mike Lofgren’s Anatomy of the Deep State with examples from the original. Note that the following structure outlines one introductory paragraph, three body paragraphs, and one concluding paragraph for an ideal essay on Anatomy of the Deep State.
- Define Deep State
At the very outset, after you start off your essay with a powerful hook, you must launch into the heart of the matter by setting out straight what exactly Deep State is. As Lofgren defines it in his essay:
“There is the visible government situated around the Mall in Washington, and then there is another, more shadowy, more indefinable government that is not explained in Civics 101 or observable to tourists at the White House or the Capitol. The former is traditional Washington partisan politics: the tip of the iceberg that a public watching C-SPAN sees daily and which is theoretically controllable via elections. The subsurface part of the iceberg I shall call the Deep State, which operates according to its own compass heading regardless of who is formally in power.”
Taking a cue from him, describe what Deep State is along with the main pillar that makes it function, such as the whole bunch of technocrats at Wall Street with their seemingly unlimited stash of cash and politicians involved in underhand monetary dealings.
- Trace the history of Deep State in the USA
Entrenched in the history of power dynamics of the last two decades is where you will find the dawn of Deep State, and no essay is complete without a brief overview on the history of how it took over the entire governmental functions with active influences from the federal employees. Lofgren has devoted quite a copious amount of words on this matter in his elaborate essay, and for the first body paragraph of the one that you compose, you will need to summarise the history of how Deep State became what it is today. Having defined Deep State in the introduction and prepared an overview on the history in the first body paragraph, your essay is now ready to launch into graver matters such as the impacts and how it functions in the USA.
- Delineate how Deep State functions
For the second body paragraph, you need to keep the essence of Lofgren’s gripping essay alive, and introduce coarse facts that are necessary to describe how the Deep State functions within the administrative infrastructure of the country, corrupting hundreds of federal employees and risking the lives of billions of people all over the globe, and not just Americans. As the tell-all narrative in Lofgren’s essay states:
“It is a hybrid of national security and law enforcement agencies: the Department of Defense, the Department of State, the Department of Homeland Security, the Central Intelligence Agency and the Justice Department. I also include the Department of the Treasury because of its jurisdiction over financial flows, its enforcement of international sanctions and its organic symbiosis with Wall Street. All these agencies are coordinated by the Executive Office of the President via the National Security Council. Certain key areas of the judiciary belong to the Deep State, such as the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, whose actions are mysterious even to most members of Congress.”
He also mentions the connection between the East Coast and the West, with Silicon Valley IT honchos regularly rubbing shoulders with diplomats and aiding them in building a world that continues to serve the interests of the ever-powerful and the ever-rich in the country and the world at large. In this paragraph, note that with drinking water becoming polluted, bridges collapsing, and nuclear power stations flouting environmental hazard rules, Deep State continues to protect those responsible by using the power it has over the state’s policy-making sphere.
- Discuss the deep-rooted impact of Deep State
As Lofgren is quick to note, the vestiges of Deep State is what gave rise to the philosophy of “American Exceptionalism” or the meddlesome attitude the USA takes on in the affairs of other nations in the world, especially the ones in the Middle East. The USA deploying the military in the war-ravaged zones in the Middle East to stoke the fires of civil unrest and chaos have been a nagging concern for many, and Lofgren’s essay analyses the who’s and the how’s behind it. As politicians and technocrats team up to serve vested interests by influencing state policy and decision-making processes, the lives of billions are at stake all over the world. In the second body paragraph, state all the impacts of Deep State in national and international affairs connected to the USA.
- Wrap up your essay
Explain the global consequences of the workings of Deep State with special mentions about Afghanistan, Libya, and the whole Benghazi fiasco. Giving Deep State a universal backdrop will help you put it in a global perspective for your readers to realise the far-reaching impacts it is capable of bringing about. Finally, while concluding your essay, carefully examine how Lofgren manages to infuse hope into his narrative despite the majorly sombre tone it carries. Wrap up your essay with a hopeful note that all is not lost yet and that whistleblowers continue to form the backbone of the resistance to Deep State. Ideally, the conclusion of your essay on Anatomy of the Deep State should end on a positive note within its global significance.
One of the most challenging topics for essays, Anatomy of the Deep State is indeed a tough nut to crack. However, with our expert suggestions and tips on preparing the structure of your essay, you are sure to impress your professors to earn the much-coveted brownie points. Happy writing!
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