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Spanish Efforts At Early Colonization

Referencing Styles : Harvard | Pages : 1
  • University: British Columbia Institute of Technology
  • Country: CA

The nation of Spain turned rich from the silver and gold that is captured after conquering other civilizations in South Mexico and Mexico. Nevertheless, their conflict with native Indians at America and failure to seek important gold and silver deposits made that complicated in persuading the settlers in colonizing there. There the Spanish settlements have been highly confined to the religious missions, small civilian towns and military posts. These were intended to secure the encroachment by the land of Russia, England and France. This has never been till 1749, that they established the initial civilian town to Texas. This town eventually changed Laredo. Never prior to 1769, they established the permanent settlements at California. Through fixated over religious conversion and control of the military, they inhibited the financial development at American colonies. Through following the dictates of the financial philosophy referred to s mercantilism, was aimed to protect their individual manufacturers. Further, they restricted the trade and then prohibited the manufacturing and moved the handicrafts and local industry. Moreover, the impeded the growth of towns and secured the civilizations from selling to the soldiers. Apart from this, the government needed every trade to get conducted across Veracruz. They levied the high exercise taxes highly rising the expense of transportation. They exercised the monopoly on gunpowder and tobacco capturing the wild horses. Nevertheless, they left a lasting imprint on Southwest. Still, Spain left a lasting imprint on the Southwest. Also, the place names have been bearing the witness of the Spanish heritage’s region. Tucson, Santa Fe, San Antonio and Los Angeles were founded by Spain. Till this day, the pattern of Spain of the organizing towns across the core plaza was bordered by the officials’ buildings and churches. That is seen across the region. The architectural styles of Spain like adobe walls, roofs of tiles, wooden beams, mosaics of intricate continued to characterize the area of Southwest.

Through introducing the European vegetation and livestock, the colonists of Spanish changed the economy of Southwest, physical appearances and environments. They introduced the goats, sheep, cows and tomatoes, Kentucky blue glass, various weeds and chillies. As the livestock devoured the areas tall native grasses there are distinctly and new southwestern environment arose, mesquite, sagebrush and one of cactus. Apart from this, Spain also introduced tropical and temperate diseases. Further, they decreased the Indian population through fifty to ninety percent. This has been equally vital that in attitudes towards the race and classes of Spanish possessions that differed from English colonies. Besides, most of the colonies were admixed racial backgrounds with racial mixtures that continued across the colonial period of Spain. The mestizos or the people of mixed Spanish and Indian ancestry and the Indians were found to be concentrate at lower levels of social structure. Though in colonial periods, the northern frontiers of New Spains have been serving as the beacon of scopes for the poorer Mexicans. These early Hispanic settlers forged the pathways that could draw the immigrants of Mexico in future.

The explorers from Spain encountered three important civilizations at the New World. They were the Incas at the current day Peru, Mayans and Aztecs at Central America and Mexico. These conquistadors are amazed by what they have found with immense wealth in silver and gold. Besides, there are complicated cities surpassing and rivalling the people of Europe with remarkable scientific and artistic achievements. The conquest of Spain at the New World was found to be driven by the three “G”s- they are gospel, gory and glory. In the drive to collect riches, the Columbus and the later conquistadors enslaved and decimate the local populations. Here, the amounts of the Native Americans were plummeted due to the war against the colonial forces. This also due to the introducing of diseased for which the natives had no natural immunities. Thus, the native contracted the diseases of malaria. From the starting of the seventeenth century, the rivals of Spain the Dutch Republic, France and England have every established an Atlantic presence. This happened with lesser and greater success at the race of imperial power. Here, none of the latest colonies and the eastern part of North America was able to match the possessions of Spain for silver and gold resources. However, the existence here, helped the nations to establish the claims that they have wished could stop the runaway growth of the Catholic Empire of Spain. Moreover, the colonists of England suffered highly in Virginia. They expected the riches to fall to the hand and seek the reality with a harsh blow.

Nonetheless, the colonies in the area of Jamestown was able to survive. Besides, the outputs from the islands of England and West Indies grow immediately to become a significant source of income for the nation. New Netherlands and New France were the modest holdings of the colony in the northeast sector of the continent. Nevertheless, the thriving of trading of the colonies with the local people and the alliances with the people helped to develop the founding stone for the further shifts in the power of global balance.

The colonization and settlement of Spain from 1585 to 1763 can be understood well from the following illustration of the table.

Geography and settlements

 The conquests that were crown sponsored gained the riches for Spain. They expanded the empire. Here, most of the southwestern and southern regions claimed along with the sections of California coast. The settlements have involved the Santa Fe, New Mexico (1610), Florida (1565), St. Augustine along with and numerous cities in California and Texas.

Population Sources

 This involves the missionaries, soldiers and Conquistadores to be the primary ones. Later the traders and farmers came.


  They were governed by crown appointed governors or viceroys.






 Mainly a trading economy.

Population Growth

  Slower because of the growth due to more emphasis put on the military conquest, having poor relations with Native people of America. Apart from these, the Spanish missionaries looked down upon the local Americans as the poor heathens to be converted to Christianity. Besides the soldiers saw them as fit only to be killed or subjugated.


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