$20 Bonus + 25% OFF
Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now!
Add File

Error goes here

Preoperational Stage Of Development: Characteristics Of This Stage Of Brain Development.

Referencing Styles : APA | Pages : 1

 Description Of The Preoperational Stage Of Development

The Preoperational stage of Cognitive Development is the second stage in Paiget’s theory of cognitive development. This Piaget’s second stage, the pre-operational stage, starts when the child begins to learn to speak stage two and lasts up until the age of seven. The Paiget’s theory of cognitive development is a comprehensive theory and the development of nature and human intelligence. The theory is named after a Swiss developmental psychologist Jean Piaget. The theory basically deals with the epistemology (study of nature of knowledge) and how human gradually come to use, acquire and construct. The Paiget’s theory is mainly known as development stage theory. Paiget proposed that the preoperational stage emerges around the age of 2 years and conclude at around the age 4 or 5 years. Many debates have been raised for the actual age range at which this stage concludes. This theory has been a great contribute to identify the children’s deficient performance on tasks that is required reversible forms of the mental operation for successful completion. Piaget found that children could not perform conservation tasks properly. Piaget depicted that the preoperational stage primarily in reference of child’s inability to carry out operational thoughts or to understand conservation task which involves the ability to understand forms of knowledge that require reversible forms of mental operations for successful completion.

During the preoperational stage, the child’s cognitive development is dominated by the need to master self and actions are predominantly directed towards self-mastery and as a result, the child lacks the ability to “decenter”. That is the preoperational child lacks the ability to see the things from the others perspective as he or she insist on own point of view. Therefore, the dominant mode of thinking during this stage is referred as egocentric which makes it difficult for the for the preoperational child to coordinate thinking to arrive, though the analysis. This inability of the children could have negative impact on the acquisition of numeracy and literacy skills and it is on the verdict that should the preoperational child be placed within the formal learning situation in school. This difficulty may arise, for example from the inherent nature of formal learning such as the requirement in reading acquisition; simultaneously, to focus both on the phonemic (requiring the understanding of relation between speech sound and letters of the alphabet) and the semantic (or meaning-making) aspects of the reading process. However, an undue emphasis on the cognitive deficiencies of the preoperation stage as was characteristics of the dominant approaches in Piagetian cross-cultural research was unfortunate. Positive developmental milestone are achieved during the preoperational period, and the stage serves as good preparation for acquisition of the operational forms of thinking. To understand this theory an example can be given like the preoperational children acquire the capacity for symbolic representation, of which language development is a crucial component. The preoperational stage is crucial for children to gain mastery of themselves in relation to their growing participation in the world of adults. The preoperational stage is characterized, among other things, by the development of language. Language development during this stage, however, takes a particular form that is consistent with the character of the stage itself. The child acquires language and its symbolic function, but the entire acquisition is oriented toward self-mastery. For example, the preoperational child uses same words acquired during interaction with adults but attaches idiosyncratic meanings to these. Also, the preoperational child may verbalize his or her thoughts as a way of controlling own actions, such as during situations when the child needs to commit something into memory. Meanwhile, the preoperational child plays with toys or objects in his natural environment in creative ways. For example, a brick may be turned into a bus; a piece of wood may become an airplane, etc. In this way, the preoperational child acquires the ability for symbolic representation, important both for language development and social functioning; as well as for learning the various subject matter during formal schooling later on when the child has reached school-going, concrete-operational stage. The significance of egocentric forms of language in particular; and thinking in general which characterize the preoperational stage, has – interestingly, been elaborated outside of the Piagetian framework (see Vygotsky, 1986 for this elaboration).

 The characteristics of this preoperational stage of brain development

The major characteristics of the preoperational stages are:

During this stage the peroperational stage, the children become increasingly adept at using symbols, as evidenced by the increase in playing and pretending For example a child is able to use an object to represent something else such as pretending a broom with a horse.

The children can be imaginative, their language becomes more mature, and they develop memories and imagination which allows them to understand the exact difference between the past and future.

Understanding Egocentrism- Paiget used a number of creative and clever techniques to study the mental abilities of children. One of the famous techniques to demonstrate egocentrism involved using a three- dimensional which is involved in three-dimensional display of a mountain scene. Most children are able to do this with little difficulty. Next, children are asked to select a picture showing what someone else would have observed when looking at the mountain from a different viewpoint.

Understanding Conservation Another well-known experiment involves demonstrating a child's understanding of conservation. In one conservation experiment, equal amounts of liquid are poured into two identical containers. The liquid in one container is then poured into a differently shaped cup, such as a tall and thin cup or a short and wide cup. Children are then asked which cup holds the most liquid. Despite seeing that the liquid amounts were equal, children almost always choose the cup that appears fuller.

Criticism- Piaget's focus at this stage of development focused on what children could not do yet. The very concept of egocentrism and conservation are both centered abilities that children have not yet developed they lack the understanding that things look different to other people and that objects can change in appearance while still maintaining the same properties. 


OR provides students with the chance to solve their academic problems at once by offering best quality coursework help online services. Our services include coursework writing help, coursework editing and proofreading help. So students who often wonder, who can do my coursework online without any error or can expert write my coursework online, find our services most effective, convenient and worthwhile. This is why students prefer to buy coursework price from us.

Save Time & improve Grade

Just share requirement and get customized Solution.

We will use e-mail only for:

arrow Communication regarding your orders

arrow To send you invoices, and other billing info

arrow To provide you with information of offers and other benefits

Add File

Error goes here




Overall Rating



Our Amazing Features


On Time Delivery

Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.


Plagiarism Free Work

Using reliable plagiarism detection software, only provide customized 100 percent original papers.


24 X 7 Live Help

Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat. If you are unable to calculate word count online, ask our customer executives.


Services For All Subjects

Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.


Best Price Guarantee

Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.

Our Experts

Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

203 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Richard Alpert

PhD in Psychology

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

2109 Order Completed

99% Response Time

Emma Zhong

Ph.D in Project Management with Specialization in Project Communications Management

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

154 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Harold Alderete

PhD in Economics

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

265 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Ken Campbell

MSc in Electrical Engineering

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me

FREE Tools


Plagiarism Checker

Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.


Essay Typer

Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.


GPA Calculator

Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.


Chemical Equation Balancer

Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.


Word Counter & Page Calculator

Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.

Refer Just 5 Friends to Earn More than $2000

Check your estimated earning as per your ability




Your Approx Earning

Live Review

Our Mission Client Satisfaction

Dear Expert Thank you for your service and support. The work was good, I got 72%.


User Id: 583196 - 19 Jan 2021


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

WHAT AN FANTASTIC OUTCOME I RECEIVED!! My essay subject was very difficult with many parts! My MAH\'s expert NAILED IT!!!! thanks a million! I WILL BE BACK!


User Id: 383727 - 19 Jan 2021


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

It was a very well done job. The writings are accurate and supported with reliable resources which were related to the assignment. It was done on time and quick service.


User Id: 552330 - 19 Jan 2021


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Hi, Received the grades for this assignment this morning. Good grades with some minor feedback. Professor is happy with the content, referencing and especially the way assignment was written. Please pass on my thanks and regards to the expert who did...


User Id: 525764 - 18 Jan 2021


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating
Preoperational Stage Of Develo... has been added in your library.
callback request mobile
Have any Query?