The civil war had a high impact on the society of America and polity than any other specific event in American history. This civil war is even referred to as the most traumatic experience that was being endured by any other generation of Americans. More than 620000 soldiers had lost their lives in the war, which was considered as 2% of the total population in the year 1861. The number of casualties suffered in one day was four times the total number of Americans wounded or killed at the incident of Normandy beaches on 6th June 1944. Maximum Americans were killed eventually in action and then died in combat in every other way that was being fought by the US. The origins of American civil war subsequently laid in the results of another war that is being fought more than fifteen years earlier of the Mexican American War. Slavery had been easily expanded to 700000 square miles of the former Mexican territory that is being acquired by the United States for few years.
In the House of Representatives, the northern congressmen have pushed through Wilmot Proviso after specifying that slavery must be excluded within every territory won from Mexico. However, on the other hand, in the Senate, the southern strength have defeated the proviso. The Senator of South Carolina, John Calhoun have introduced a collection of resolutions after affirming that the slaveholders had distinctive constitutional rights in taking their slave properties into the territory of United States. The civil war has highly impacted on American values for the citizens of the United States of America. One of the major reasons for such issue is that there are several measures, which prevented in the final showdown and fugitive slave law had angered several northerners, who were compelled in watching black people. There had been a sectional power balance against the Southern people for ensuring that there is no misuse of power under any circumstance. With the effort of bringing more states of slave into Union, the respective southerners have agitated for the purchase of Cuba from Spain and even acquisition of an extra territory in Central America.
The American civil war was fought within the duration of 1861 to 1865 in the United States between North and South Union. The civil war started primarily as the result of long standing controversy on the enslavement of numerous dark skinned people. This particular war had broken out in the month of April 1861, only when the secessionist forces have attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina as soon as Abraham Lincoln had been elected as the US President. The subsequent loyalists of the American Union that included few geographically southern and western states after getting proclaimed support for the Constitution. They have confronted secessionists of the Confederate States in the South for upholding slavery and supporting rights of the states. Amongst the thirty four states in the United States during February 1861, 7 slave states in the South were being declared to get seceded by the partisans.
A Confederate States of America was being organized in rebellion against the government of US Constitution. This confederacy had grown for controlling minimum of 11 states after inclusion of additional states of Missouri and Kentucky. This addition was done after assertions from the native secessionists from Union authority, however without population and territory. The states were provided full representation in the Confederate Congress in the entire civil war. There were two remaining slave states of Maryland and Delaware, who got invitation for joining the Confederacy, however nothing substantial was being developed for intervention by the federal troops. These confederate states were never diplomatically being identified by the entire government of United States and the few states that were loyal to this government, became parts of the Union. The Confederacy and the Union then raised conscription armies as well as volunteers over a course of four years. There was an intense combat left and several military deaths were recorded in this duration. This civil war had ended on April 1865 after General Robert E Lee had surrendered to General Ulysses S Grant at the Battle of Appomattox Court House. The generals of Confederate have followed suit and the last surrender on land occurred on June 23.
The American values were highly affected due to this civil war as most of the infrastructure of South was being destroyed, majorly for the transformation system. The entire Confederacy had collapsed and entire concept of slavery was being abolished completely. Moreover, more than four million black slaves were eventually freed. In the era of reconstruction after the years of civil war, this national unity was slowly being restored. It led to expansion of power of the national government and the political and civil rights were being granted to the freed black slaves after doing major and significant amendments to the federal legislation and the constitution. The major American values are independence, privacy, directness, equality, informality, competition, work ethics, time and efficiency and finally consumerism.
Since civil war had freed more than four million black slaves, it is noted as the major act of independence in the entire history of America. It even led to the act of individualism and hence the collective cultures have the tendency in seeing accomplishments as a subsequent reflection of the entire community and family. Privacy is the second important American value that was affected with significance of civil war. The political and religious views of the Americans were completely changed after the war took place and few people even created an act of bringing other cultures and different religious views in the American Union. Equality was also enhanced and impacted majorly with the American civil war. Most of the citizens have changed their ideology and decreasing a gap between privileged backgrounds and other backward backgrounds. Civil war has also affected on the American value of consumerism. After freeing four million black slaves, they were provided with the freedom to work on their own and not serving slavery, hence promoting work ethics to a higher level. Thus, the significance of American civil war was high on the various American values.
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