The Battle of New Orleans was fought on Gregorian calendar month 8, 1815 between the British Army below Major General Sir Edward Pakenham and therefore the U.S. Army under Brevet Major General Andrew Jackson. It passed around five miles (8.0 kilometers) east-southeast of town of New Orleans, on the point of the city of Chalmette, Louisiana, and it absolutely was a U.S. victory. The battle transpire directly once the sign language of the pact of urban center on Dec 24, 1814, before news of the pact may reach the U.S. yank troops defeated a poorly dead British assault on city in slightly quite half-hour, despite country having an outsized advantage in training and fielded troops. The Americans suffered roughly 250 casualties, while the British suffered roughly 2,000.
In August 1814, Britain and therefore the U.S. began diplomacy. However, British Secretary of War Henry Bathurst wrote Pakenham's secret orders of October 24, 1814, commanding him to continue prosecuting the war notwithstanding he detected rumors of a pacification being signed. Bathurst expressed concern that the U.S may not formalize such a written agreement, therefore continued the war, and he failed to wish Pakenham to endanger his troops or miss a chance to realize a bonus over the American army. On January 8, 1815, country marched against urban center, hoping that by capturing town they might separate LA from the remainder of the U.S Pirate Laffite, however, had warned the Americans of the attack, and therefore the inward British found militiamen underneath General President powerfully entrenched at the Rodriquez Canal. In 2 separate assaults, the 7,500 British troopers below Sir Edward Pakenham were unable to penetrate the U.S. defenses, and Jackson’s four,500 troops, several of them knowledgeable marksmen from KY and Tennessee, decimated British lines. In an hour, British had people, General Pakenham was dead, and nearly 2000 of his men were killed, wounded, or missing. U.S. forces suffered solely 8 killed and 13 wounded.
After British forces were sighted near Lake Borgne, Jackson declared martial law in New Orleans and ordered that every available weapon and able-bodied man be brought to bear in the city’s defense. His force soon grew into a 4,500-strong patchwork of army regulars, frontier militiamen, free blacks, New Orleans aristocrats and Choctaw tribesmen. After some hesitation, Old Hickory even accepted the help of Jean Lafitte, a dashing pirate who ran a smuggling and privateering empire out of nearby Barataria Bay. Jackson’s ramshackle army was to face off against some 8,000 British regulars, many of whom had served in the Napoleonic Wars. At the helm was Lieutenant General Sir Edward Pakenham, a respected veteran of the Peninsular War and the brother-in-law of the Duke of Wellington. Pakenham put his plan to action at daybreak on January 8. At the sound of a Congreve rocket whistling overhead, the red-coated throngs let out a cheer and began an advance toward the American line. British batteries opened up en masse, and were immediately met with an angry barrage from Jackson’s 24 artillery pieces, some of them manned by Jean Lafitte’s pirates. While Pakenham’s main force moved on the canal near the swamp, British light troops led by Colonel Robert Rennie advanced along the riverbank and overwhelmed an isolated redoubt, scattering its American defenders. Rennie had just enough time to howl, “Hurrah, boys, the day is ours!” before he was shot dead by a salvo of rifle fire from Line Jackson. With their commander lost, his men made a frantic retreat, only to be cut down in a hail of musket balls and grapeshot. Shortly before the British withdrawal, Andrew Jackson reentered New Orleans to the sounds of “Yankee Doodle” and a public celebration worthy of Mardi Gras. Newspapers in the beleaguered city of Washington, D.C. labeled him the national savior. The festivities only continued the following month, as news of the Treaty of Ghent reached American shores. When Congress ratified the agreement on February 16, 1815, the War of 1812 came to an official end. The conflict is now considered to have concluded in a stalemate, but at the time, the victory at New Orleans had elevated national pride to such a level that many Americans chalked it up as a win. Jackson, who would later ride his newfound celebrity all the way to the White House, was no doubt among them. Addressing his troops shortly after the battle, he hailed their “undaunted courage” in saving the country from invasion and said, “Natives of different states, acting together, for the first time in this camp…have reaped the fruits of an honorable union.
New Orleans was a major port and transportation hub that promised effective control of the lower Mississippi, which made it a prime target for Great Britain. So in late November 1814, Royal Navy Vice Admiral Alexander Cochrane and a fleet of 50 ships set sail for Louisiana with the goal of capturing the city, along with the rest of the lower Mississippi Delta.
The fighting in Louisiana started on December 14, when a British naval squadron defeated an inferior American force in Lake Borgne. Nine days later, an encampment of around 1800 redcoats was ambushed by Jackson’s men at Villeré Plantation. Though the Americans soon pulled out, the skirmish bought Jackson, a.k.a. Old Hickory, some time to reinforce his defenses around New Orleans proper.
At the same time, an agreement to end the whole war was being negotiated. Representatives from both countries met in modern-day Belgium to hammer out the Treaty of Ghent, which was signed on December 24, 1814, days before the Battle of New Orleans broke out on January 8, 1815. The treaty did not go into effect until it was ratified on February 16, 1815, though, so the U.S. and Great Britain were still technically at war during the battle
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