In today’s world, the forensic science has emerged as one of the strongest and most essential part in today’s world of resolving criminal cases (James et al. 2015). It takes in collecting and analysis of evidence with the usage of modern science, medicine and technology for resolving the cases.
1.1) Aims of the Research Work
This research proposal discusses the importance of forensic sciences that helps in resolving the criminal cases largely. This also explains the growing importance of the forensic sciences in collecting and analyzing the evidences collected from the crime scene.
1.2) Objectives of Research Work
- To find the role of forensics in resolving crimes.
- To find the conventional way of using the forensics for solving the criminal cases.
- To find the extent of success using forensics in solving criminology cases.
H0: Forensic studies help in increasing the chances of solving criminology cases majorly.
H1: Forensic studies are not appropriate in solving criminology cases.
2) Literature Review
Jewell et al. (2013) commented on essential fact that forensic science is one of the most advanced techniques in solving the criminal cases extensively. It can be considered as one of the most scientific way of enforcing law to see to what extent and how the criminals have breached it. Evidences collected from the crime scenes are thereby analyzed through forensic reports to come to the conclusion and find out the actual criminals.
2.2) Expertise and Scope of Forensic Studies
As commented by Chan and Bennett Moses (2015) forensic studies play an important role in finding an extent to the criminal cases for resolving it. The unnatural deaths that include hanging, poisoning, gunshot, accidents, suicidal cases, homicide and burnt cases need the forensic reports for coming to excellent conclusions. This includes the post mortem of the dead body and hence it complete analysis for coming to excellent and fruitful results. From the view point and outlook of Usher and Stewart (2012) the main ways of collecting data that can be used for forensic reports are photography, x-rays, testing of body fluids, temperature and level of blood clotting. The DNA report also is essential for documentation and analyzing cause of death and other details of the person killed.
2.3) Importance of Forensic Studies in solving Criminology Cases
This plays an important role in finding a satisfactory conclusion in the criminal cases and hence plays an important role in effectively solving the criminology cases. Andrew and Orio (2015) commented on the essential fact that it also finds its importance in several other branches of forensic sciences such as forensic artists, forensic anthropology, forensic chemistry etc. This helps in collection and analyzing the evidences that are collected from the crime scenes and hence analyzing it that helps in reaching the fruitful conclusion. In addition to according to the opinion of James et al. (2015) this it also helps in making the maximum utilization of the modern science and technology for taking strong steps in resolving the cases. This also helps in understanding the extent of breaching the laws done by the criminals and therefore helps the government in taking suitable steps against the criminals.
This section of the research proposal helps in total understanding about the forensic science and its role in resolving the criminal cases. Moreover, it also discusses about the scope of forensic sciences and the importance of forensic studies in today’s world for resolving the crime cases.
3) Research Methodology
3.1) Research Approach
According to Grills et al. (2014) research approach can be referred to as the underlying the relationship between the various theories and principles related to the research work. For this research work inductive research approach is taken into account which is also known as bottom-up approach.
3.2) Research Design
It can be referred to as the blueprint of the research work essential for the successful achievement of the research work (Chan and Bennett Moses, 2015). This research work takes into account the descriptive research design for analyzing and completion of the research work.
3.3) Research Philosophy
It is concerned about the acquiring proper knowledge that is used for accomplishment of the research work successfully (Jewell et al. 2013). For this research work, the researcher has opted for interpretive research design as it helps in diversification of acquired knowledge.
3.4) Data Collection Methods
Data being one of the most important parts in the research work need to be collected extensively (Shah et al. 2015). Both primary and secondary research methods are used for collecting data useful for the research work.
3.5) Sample Size
Sample size is essential for the research work as it shows the conduction of research. The sample size is 50 forensic laboratory experts and 10 investigation department.
3.6) Research Ethics
The codes of conduct are essential to be followed for the completion of research works (Usher and Stewart, 2012).
Time and budget are the limitations for the research work.
Andrew, A. and Orio, A. (2015). Relationship between Sociodemographic Characteristics, Psychiatric Burden and Violent Offence in a Maximum Security Prison in North-Central Nigeria. Journal of Forensic Science & Criminology.
Chan, J. and Bennett Moses, L. (2015). Is Big Data challenging criminology?. Theoretical Criminology.
Grills, C., Villanueva, S., Anderson, M., Corsbie-Massay, C., Smith, B., Johnson, L. and Owens, K. (2014). Effectiveness of Choice Theory Connections: A Cross-Sectional and Comparative Analysis of California Female Inmates. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 59(7), pp.757-771.
James, C., Asscher, J., Stams, G. and Van der Laan, P. (2015). The Effectiveness of Aftercare for Juvenile and Young Adult Offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology.
Jewell, J., Malone, M., Rose, P., Sturgeon, D. and Owens, S. (2013). A Multiyear Follow-Up Study Examining the Effectiveness of a Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy Program on the Recidivism of Juveniles on Probation. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 59(3), pp.259-272.
Shah, T., Thaker, M. and Menon, S. (2015). Assessment of Cephalic and Facial Indices: A proof for Ethnic and Sexual Dimorphism. Journal of Forensic Science & Criminology, 2(4).
Usher, A. and Stewart, L. (2012). Effectiveness of Correctional Programs With Ethnically Diverse Offenders: A Meta-Analytic Study. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 58(2), pp.209-230.