Harnessing Difference: A Capability-Based Framework for
Stakeholder Engagement in Environmental Innovation
Rosina Watson , Hugh N. Wilson, Palie Smart, and Emma K. Macdonald
Innovation for environmental sustainability requires ﬁrms to engage with external stakeholders to access exper-
tise, solve complex problems, and gain social legitimacy. In this open innovation context, stakeholder engagement
is construed as a dynamic capability that can harness differences between external stakeholders t...