The report will analyze the various aspects of managing aviation in Australia considering the contemporary world. The topic will also demonstrate about the linkage based on the Chicago Convention, its Annexes and ICAO including the Governance aspects. The safety overnight responsibilities along with the supra national regulatory frameworks such as the FAA and EASA will also be included in this report while the various operators of aviation services have also worked together as an unit for developing a common framework required to manage safe airline operations. The aviation management is the management of a course that deals with the study and education about airlines, airports and businesses associated with the aerospace industry. The aviation management also includes monitoring the everyday operations that are managed by the ground staffs present at the airport or maybe somehow related to the aviation industry in Australia (Flouris & Oswald, 2016). Thus, the aim of the report will be evaluate the different aspects of aviation management and how it can help in conducting the study effectively.
The topic aims to evaluate the various aspects of aviation management considering the impact of Chicago Convention and other related information included in the Annexes, ICAO documents and about the corporate Governance too. The Convention on International Civil Aviation, also referred to as the Chicago Convention has been established by the International Civil Aviation Organization, which is a specialized agency and aims to coordinate and regulate the international air travel for the customers. According to Albers et al. (2017), there are various laws, rules and regulations established by the Convention related to the airspace, registration of aircraft along with the health and safety measures to be maintained during the management of aviation services and study associated with it (Albers et al., 2017). There are various rights and responsibilities that have been established for managing the air travel though the consumption of air fuel during transportation from the taxation requirements. The document came into effect on April 4, 1947 with the introduction and functioning of the ICAO. It became a specialized agency of the United Nations Economic and Social Council and ensured proper management of the aviation services (Helmreich & Merritt, 2017).
Focusing on the contemporary world, the Chicago Convention involved the various members states of the United Nations excluding the Liechtenstein and Dominica for ensuring proper aviation management. It also involves the management of safety of the passengers who need to travel by availing the services of the airlines company. As stated by Alexander (2013), there are nineteen annexes that hold different standards and practices recommended to be managed by the ICAO for conducting safe airlines operations. The Annex 1 includes the Personnel licensing that enables providing licenses to the flight crews along with licensing of aircraft maintenance personnel an making them acknowledged with the medical standards and rules to be followed during the fleet movement. Annex 2 holds the rules and regulations to be followed during the movement of flight while the Meteorological service for International Air Navigation is included in the Annex 3. There are other annexure that hold important information about the Aeronautical charts and measurement of the ground and air operations along with the ways aircrafts are operated to ensure safe delivery of passengers from one place to another. This also include sources from which knowledge can be gathered regarding the aviation management involving the operations and functioning of the helicopters and aero planes. Not only the aircraft operations and functional aspects are provided in the annexure but also the information about registration, licensing and radio navigation aids are provided (Wiegmann & Shappell, 2017). This has helped the aeronautical engineers and pilots to maintain surveillance radar and collision avoidance systems along with Radio Frequency spectrum that could assist in identifying any movement of aircrafts in the pathway of the aero plane.
The Annex 11, 12, 13 and 14 include the air traffic services, ways of managing rescue and search operations during emergencies, identification of aircraft accidents and management of aerodromes too. Maurino et al. (2017) stated that the remaining annexure ranging from 15 to 19 are studied properly by the engineers to ensure that the emissions of aircraft engines are checked and proper security is maintained to safeguard the International Civil Aviation Against Acts of Unlawful Interference, furthermore ensure management of safe transport while transferring dangerous items by air (Maurino et al., 2017). Therefore, during the management of fleet operations and to ensure proper aviation services’ management, it is essential follow all these annexes properly.
Considering the future development and growth of aviation industry through successful management of aviation services and operations, it has been important to form good relationships among the nations and create positive mindsets among people, if not considered, can lead to lack of security and management of aviation services properly. The aviation management can only be successful when good relationships are established among nations and the peace of world can bind the two nations together for delivering the best quality fleet services to satisfy the customers (Burghouwt, 2016).
Considering the State safety oversight responsibilities, it is important to make sure that the safety regulatory requirements are met and the international legislations are followed along with the consideration of safety oversight in aviation as a national responsibility. The Safety Regulatory process has enabled the state to carry out the roles and responsibilities on its shoulders properly and at the same time, follow the rules and regulations associated with the safety of the national aviation system and related services (International Civil Aviation Organization, 2013). The major process through which the responsibilities are undertaken include four major components such as the preparation of rules, enactment of rules, safety oversight and enforcement of the laws, rules and regulations for proper aviation management. The four major functions are managed by the national Government of Australia to ensure that the preparation and enactment of rules are passed to the European Commission and to the European Aviation Safety Agency or EASA. With these functions transferred to the EASA, the national bodies have also provided a helping hand in managing the safety oversight for the aviation management (Abeyratne, 2013).
There are few major goals or objectives associated with the functions of safety oversight and these include monitoring the safety performance during the management of aviation services, checking whether the functions comply with the safety rules and are meeting the regulatory requirements or not. The safety regulatory auditing along with gaining information about the functioning of new and changed systems, various operations, products and services relevant to the aviation or fleet management are other State safety oversight responsibilities as well. The scope of safety oversight is also to provide necessary regulatory instructions and other information related to the safety oversight activities and even maintains the safety oversight records at proper time intervals too (Bartlik, 2016). The ICAO, also known as the International Civil Aviation Organization has played a major role in safety oversight through identification of safety oversight responsibilities that fall under the State obligations according to the Chicago Convention. Based on the legal rights and responsibilities that fall under the Chicago Convention, the ICAO has made arrangements to create national safety oversight systems and boost its efficiency with the integration of regional arrangements considering the maximization of safety benefits through collection actions undertaken. According to Lykotrafiti (2015), the ICAO has made sure that all the safety arrangements are made and the aviation services are managed properly through support provided based on the implementation of two major initiatives such as ICAO Doc 9734 Part A and ICAO Doc 9734 Part B (Lykotrafiti, 2015). The Part A helped in managing the State’s safety oversight system while the Part B enabled proper management of the regional safety oversight system.
To manage proper corporate governance and ensure that the organizational functions meet the specified criteria and requirements with the consideration of various laws, legislations and rules, ICAO has implemented an Universal Safety Oversight Audit Programme. This is used to check the effectiveness of safety oversight through the management of formal audits that include the various laws, rules and regulations related to the State’s safety oversight and even the functions are resourced. This has further facilitated the implementation of the eight major components of State’s safety oversight system that are covered within the ICAO document and these range from CE1 to CE8 (Grote, Williams & Preston, 2014). These components include Primary Aviation Legislation, Specific rules and regulations for operating, State Aviation system and Safety Oversight functions, qualified technical personnel and training arranged for them, information about Technical Guidance, tools and provisions of safety information, etc. Knoch (2014) argued that the licensing structures, certification and authorization for approval of obligations and laws along with the surveillance obligations and approaches to resolve safety issues are also considered as major elements of the safety oversight system (Knoch, 2014). The Member states should hold enough resources including the regulatory, legal and organizational structures and resources for the fulfillment of safety oversight obligations and ensure approval licensing and authorization of the providers of aviation services.
Considering the Air Traffic Management or ATM, the legal provision are inclined with the European level for managing the various functions of national safety oversight, furthermore engage the competent authorities who are involved with the aviation management services and are responsible for managing the air traffic flow along with the management of airspace to maintain a proper network. The Federal Aviation Administration or FAA is a regulatory body that has implemented various rules and regulations related to the aviation management and ensured proper air traffic flow along with the maintenance of Air Navigation Facilities infrastructure properly. This has assisted in conducting researches and development of the systems that are related to the management of aviation services and other relevant technologies (Maurino et al., 2017). The EASA or European Aviation Safety Agency has partnered or worked with the European Commission for ensuring that the major functions conducted by the Joint Aviation Authorities of the EU countries are controlled and integrated with the safety legislations, laws, rules and regulations. It is important for the European Commission and the member states of the European Union to assess the authorization, certification and airworthiness of the aircraft operations, furthermore made approval of the design of aircrafts to maintain the safety of passengers first and foremost (Paletta et al., 2014).
The FAA and EASA worked as a unit to maintain the inventories and made rules and regulations for managing the Certification Oversight Board, Joint Maintenance Coordination Board and the Bilateral oversight Board to the Aviation management and remaining in accordance with the Internal Governing procedures and provisions. While the Federal Aviation Administration or FAA helped in establishing various rules and regulations to manage the flow of traffic and played a major role in active research and development of aviation systems, the EASA or European Aviation Safety Agency implemented safety legislations and provided technical advice for approval of proper aircraft design, production and maintenance both inside and outside the European Union (Jiang et al., 2016). Therefore, these are the major aspects that are controlled by the regulators and operators to work together and develop an effective framework to support the conduct of airlines operations safely.
The report was presented considering focus on the aviation management within the contemporary world. The various aspects of the report were linked with the Chicago Convention and the various annexes along with the roles of ICAO and regulatory bodies including the FAA and EASA had been illustrated here as well. The aviation service providers always made sure to maintain the safety of passengers at first while moving them from one place to another by air. The International Civil Aviation Organization or ICAO made sure to manage the air travel with the consideration of annexes for safeguarding the aviation services from any unlawful activities or misconducts, furthermore assisted in abiding by the legislations, laws, rules and regulations to maintain proper safety during the fleet management services. With the involvement of EASA and FAA, the safety oversight management was possible, which not only helped in making safety arrangements, but also had ensured proper corporate governance and management of aviation services effectively too.
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