Discuss about the Aboriginal Culture for Linguistic and Cultural Practices.
Indigenous peoples are also known as aboriginal people of Australia (O'Dell 2016). For providing strength and flexibility there are number of linguistic and cultural practices performed by aboriginals, which are given as follows:
• One of the language practices carried out by the indigenous people is a mixed language used.
• Next is the use of western concepts in the interpersonal communication in the form of free market, which is used among rational agents, autonomous.
• Use of structural is mixing in the linguistic of the aboriginal peoples.
• The aborigine performs Bora. According to which young boy who is called as kippas is transformed into men.
• Smoking Ceremony is carried out on special and festive occasions. This ceremony is a cleansing ceremony.
• Regarding safety force families and children will serve as strength in the Aboriginal Culture.
• To gain aboriginal limitation and right place in the Australian society, Aboriginal families need to engage in the traditional cultural practices.
• Aboriginal Culture involves some practices which are centered by ceremonies but on the belief of Dreamtime.
• Admiration of land and oral tradition are emphasized by the Aboriginal culture.
There are numerous reasons for loss of the language as well as practices. In some of the cases, some children were barred from speaking mother tongue at school or missionaries (Shipp 2013). Aboriginal language is concentrating on simple word and items of the novel like animals and weapons. Indigenous peoples were not linked with the changes taking place around the world. Aborigines, generally have complex social and marriage law, which is because of the grouping of people under the society. The laws related to kinship are even complicated because everyone is linked with one another. Aborigines were banning to speak their mother language (Aboriginal Culture 2016). In the late 1970s, children were forced to remove from their families due to different government policies. Assimilation is the ideology termed as the forcibly removing the children from the original families. Due to this assimilation, children had received a low level of education, and they were working as a manual labor and domestic servants (Cole 2016). Among that, few of the children were conveyed that their parents had died.
According to Slater (2010), the accepted approaches of the government, this has improved the wellbeing and health of the indigenous in Australia. As per the study, the indigenous worldviews and social structures had aimed in socioeconomic equality, which ignored the colonial history, socio-cultural distinctiveness, and diversity in the indigenous situation. Affairs of the native will be looking solution of the mainstream which will deeply establish the issues of non-mainstream. After doing that, an assumption is made related to the wellbeing of Indigenous, criteria of good life shared with the Australian mainstream.
The concept of the “Close Gap Campaign” answers the assumptions of the study clearly. In this article, there has been an investigation of the contemporary performance among the Indigenous done with the help of two indigenous lenses of cultural festivals which are cultural festival and Lara Dance of Cape York and from Southeast Queensland the dreaming festival. Indigenous companies, individuals, and communities will be running through cultural diversity Festivals. To minimize the extent vehicles for economic improvement needs to do among the children and families of the Aborigines. Whenever the people were asked the worth of the festivals, the researcher received a similar response: to share, celebrate and majorly to maintain culture. The festivals are nothing but to sustain in the indigenous world. The act of understanding and defining the effect of the health and wellbeing will be followed by reaching and implementation it causes. Alike, definition of dominant can be analyzed by observing the health of people. Therefore social, cultural and historical variation will be producing a difference for remaining healthy, criteria of the real life and capable person (Slater 2010). Improvement in the medical science will be advantageous for all. All these points are based on the ideology of the western concept. While giving priority to social health upon individual health, the people are getting preoccupied in the environment they are living. Furthermore, it has been assumed that desire for shared understanding and primacy in specific health is taking precedence over good interest, spiritual or cultural. This is the only way defining as well as discriminating health with wellbeing. According to the researcher, it has been observed that person should not be known through monadic individual, but through the method of constituting the social relations. Thus, a relationship among people, affirmations, and ongoing reconstitution will be making life worth living. From the overall review of the article, it has been observed that health and wellbeing have been analyzed for acknowledging the strong sense for prerequisite in mental health. There are few opportunities for asserting the importance of cultural health and recognizing the vital element in the well-being of indigenous (Slater 2010).
According to Woods (1879), history does not mention the origin of the aboriginal people in Australia for over 50000 years. The land which was explained by Captain James Cook is referred to as ‘terra nullius’ which belongs to Aboriginal peoples for an extended period. In the Australian history, the ‘White View' is the exploration, settlement, expansion, growth, and federation, whereas the ‘Black View' is among the resistance, diseases, destruction, invasion, and death. On the overall basis, by putting a close view on the Aboriginal Society particular ideas prevail, which are given as follows:
- For increasing interaction among the Aboriginal people and new colony, Governor Phillip had ordered for taking hostage to some of them and then bringing them to live in the settlement of Port Jackson. It was also believed that Aboriginal people should be brought close to the European culture, this will help in bringing the thinking of acceptance. It was further believed that indigenous populations were comparatively more educated than savages. Colebee and Bennelong were the great groups of an Indigenous group.
- Another concept of the Aboriginal society was that of their culture includes living in harmony with the land. Spiritual belief and customs were by the creating ‘Dreamtime' and on the formation of land (Woods 1879). The aboriginal people viewed land in a spiritual way. Whereas, the European saw the property regarding money. The relationship Aboriginal was having with the ground was totally out of imagination for the white men.
- The new ideas related to the living of Aboriginal people, the Europeans brought a deadly disease. Before the arrival of the first fleet, there were some unknown diseases introduced by the settlers. The indigenous population did not have any natural immunity to fight with smallpox.
It is impossible to know the position of the indigenous people of Australia before the settlers were coming to this island, but it is estimated to be among 3,00,000 to 1 million. In 1901, the number of Federation had decreased to 20000. Since then, some people recognized as Aboriginal was growing at an instant. Aboriginal community has increased its birth rate among the entire groups in Australia. The above effect had given rise to the tremendous change in the culture of Australia (Woods 1879). Aboriginal was the unique group who had brought many shifts in the context of culture and religion. Aboriginal Group's habit was an even different from other. Aboriginal are having a skill of making fire, just by rubbing two sticks together. These qualities have been gradually eliminated from the society due to globalization and advancement.
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