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Creating and Measuring Effective Cybersecurity Capabilities.

Guidance for Boards of Directors and Executive Management.

How the Best Companies Manage the Unexpected.

Cybersecurity Governance

Other than having cybersecurity and information security on the plan for each board assembly, the board of executives moreover has to be utilizing the leading practices for cyber-protection (Rezek, 2015). Board individuals ought to run their possess hazard evaluation on the gadgets that they are utilizing and guarantee that their communication strategies don't expose board materials to pernicious assaults. Email ought to be avoided and supplanted by a secure communications device that can anticipate board materials from being sent to an outside party by the blunder.  

Moreover, the board of directors must be looking for the correct product to ensure that they are utilizing as little technology as possible in the boardrooms of the business (Sullivant, 2016). This is present in the diligent governance cloud, this is a solution of an integrated enterprise governance management which makes the organization to realize first-class corporate governance as well as digitizing the several actions and duties of the board of executives. With the expansion of the organization more complex cyber security and cyber resilience need to be put into practice to ensure that the business is more secure hence more performance.  The governance Cloud enable the board of directors to archive the demands in the organization boardrooms as well as beyond with the capability to select the goods they want, this will help them to do their best and work within the organization allocated budgets (McLaughlin, 2015).

Cybersecurity features high on the agenda of corporate governors in every sector, with business, individuals and governments quickly taking benefit of quicker, inexpensive digital skills to provide an unparalleled array of economic and social benefits. The procedure of connecting and digitizing, nevertheless, introduces a range of new problems. Essentially, a perfect cyber risk governance deals with safeguarding value in the business. Boards will progressively need to illustrate to the public and investors that cyber risks can be managed, and this is not only from a technical perspective but also from a financial and governance perspective (Cascarino, 2012).  External shareholders will progressively seek a guarantee that organizations have efficacy cyber risk governance in position. It is now a certainty for dire infrastructures in the Network Information Security Directive. This introduces new reporting necessities for security occurrences and supports "a culture of risk management, comprising risk assessment as well as the implementation of security procedures suitable to the faced risks”

 Corporate governance:  This is a system where the organizations are controlled and directed. In such cases, the board are accountable for the governance of the organizations. The stakeholder´s duty in governance is to assign the board to gratify themselves that a suitable governance structure is in position. Corporate governance hence deals with what the board of the company.  

Cybersecurity and Cyber Resilience

Cybersecurity:   This includes technologies, processes and controls which are designed to guard systems, information and networks from cyber assaults (Kamar, 2017). Efficacy cyber security help to reduce the perils of the cyber-attacks and safeguard the individuals and the organizations from unauthorized system exploitation and technologies exploitations.

Cyber resilience:  This is a bigger approach which entails both the business continuity management and the cybersecurity with the main objective of defending the business against the potential cyber as well as ensuring that the organization survives the cyber-attacks which will for sure jeopardize with the normal operation of the business which will in turn results to failure of the business.  

In the process of safeguarding the business against the unauthorized cyber attackers, there are some practices which the management of the business need to keenly check to help promote the full security and keep these criminals away.  This will help the business to protect their data and information as secrete to them as possible.  Some of these examples of best practice of safeguarding the business against the cybercriminals are as below;

System updates in the business organization are very important because there are several reasons for updating these systems. (ISACA, 2013). This can be done when where an individual was using a given version of the software which all the employees in the organization are familiar with but it may be not working perfectly on the updated systems. In such a situation, it is very important to safeguard those vulnerable systems, this entails cutting off the network access every time possible and employing very strong firewalls as well as security software.   

Back up of the organization data was very difficult before the use of the cloud storage services but now it is very possible because of the cloud storage services. Irrespective of whether one is doing the backup online or offline, there is still some cost which the organization must incur. Currently, nevertheless, cloud storage services are relatively faster, cheap, and simple, they are still a business investment for any small business. Several services like iCloud and Dropbox have fallen victim to the cyber-attacks (Goodman, 2011).  Nevertheless, having the data backed up to the cloud implies that one will at least be safeguarded by given types of attacks like ransomware. Back up of data also help the organizations to retrieve the information when they get lost.

In this practice, the business organization need to educate and train its employees how to safeguard the system online as well as informing them the benefits of the protecting the system against the cybercriminals (Schaefer, 2017). Cyber threats always come as fast as an individual can imagine.  The employees need to be trained on what they are doing and why it may be dangerous to the organization is more efficacy strategy than anticipating an IT security staff to continuously react to end user´s wrong decision. The organization should ensure that the employees comprehend how vital the company´s information is as well as all the strategies the organization can undertake to safeguard it.

Best Practices for Safeguarding the Business Against Cybercriminals

The organization will not actually know how to protect their system until they are actually evaluated by an expert. Depending on where the business is located, the risk evaluation may be done for free. For example in some countries in Europe like the UK, the governments may show the organizations many things to do to safeguard (Sheffi, 2015). The regular cyber risk assessment will highly help in protecting the organization from any attack which might affect the normal operation of the business. Risk assessment helps the organization to prevent any risk before it occurs. This further help in keeping the hackers at bay since the database of the organization will be secured at all times.  

Using the very strong password and implementing is the simplest thing the organization can do to help strengthen the organization security. The strong password may implement the use of a combination of a lower-case and upper-case letters, numbers, symbols, these symbols can be made to about 8 to 12 characters long.  

Firewall is a must for any business organization which need to have a properly protected device. The firewall will help protect the organization network by managing internet traffic flowing out and coming into the business (Antonucci, 2017). This strong firewall will for sure enable the business organizations to prevent any malicious data which may highly interfere with the normal operation of the business.     

 For any business organization, having very effective antivirus protection will highly help them in safeguarding their information and data. The anti-malware are essentials software in the organization arsenal of the online security weapon. These antiviruses are the last line of the organization defence (Institute, 2016). The antivirus helps to protect the all the computers and any organization´s laptops. If the antivirus is not installed in the organization´s computers and laptops then the virus may result to data loss in the business organization which in most cases can result to losses in profit realization in the business.

Since laptops are mobile and portable in nature, they are at higher risk of being lost or stolen as compared to the organization desktops. It is very significant to have some extra steps to make sure that the sensitive data is highly protected (National Academies of Sciences, 2014). Some software like the encryption has changed the way the data and information appear on the hard drive so that when there is no password, the hard drive cannot be read.  The secure laptops hence help in upholding the security of the organizations' information and protect the business from hackers.


For companies holding vital information, be beyond any doubt to require actions to continuously have this information scrambled. Using this highlight does require some added consideration, in spite of the fact that. Typically because the encryption will as it was actuated in scenarios a login isn't in use (Elms, 2013). For programmers, this indicates that all they need is for an evocative to require a brief break and head over to the office kitchen in arrange to attack an outline with malware and infection. So, to implement your measures, be beyond any doubt to set your computers to consequently log out after five to ten minutes without utiliz (Wittkop, 2016).  These actions to encrypt information are important to take since in the worst-case scenarios cybercriminals have been known to steal this data and encrypt it themselves.

 There are several recommendations which the business organization may put aside to help them. Such recommendations include the following:

Several business organizations underinvest in basic cyber hygiene while the massive majority of breaches takes advantages of the fundamental controls. Directors need to ask very difficult questions about control and policies related to the password, patches and updates from software vendors, employee education on phishing as well as penetration testing and red team exercise.

Cyber preparedness basically deals with people. Staff behaviour is probably is to be more significant than the cybersecurity policies, processes as well as system combined (United Nations Publications, 2017). The board of directors should pay more attention to the communication, training and testing programs and also contractor behaviour and staff. This will enable the board to monitor the business organization´s overall risk culture.

Cyber risk shows a clear and present danger. An inspirational policy having general guidelines is insufficient. An efficacy rule should have a sound definition for the cyber risk exposure as well as tolerance risk levels (Vermesan, 2013). Board of directors should organization to clearly define the cybersecurity approaches policies and plans, encompassing the quantitative definition of peril appetite.

Current survey indicates that about 91% of the board. It the duty of the management to report to their board in a way that is so fathomable and sound (Rittinghouse, 2014). A board level cyber peril report should comprise metrics and commentary on the threats environments, the efficacy of main controls and general cybersecurity program, peril exposure against peril acceptable levels.

The organization makes the decision of the business on how much cyber risk the organization is willing to accept in pursuit of its objective and strategy (Smith, 2013).  The duty of the board is to give the oversight and governance, comprising reliable challenge on key decision and policies. To achieve this critical role, the board of organization should have enough access to cyber expertise and obtain assurance on their own security of their main vendor (Harris, 2013). This assurance may comprise a third-party assessment or even through using security rating services such as BitSight .


 In conclusion, business protection is very crucial and important for any organization to help secure the data and information about the business. The best way of protecting the business information from hackers is through having strong cybersecurity. A strong cybersecurity keeps these cybercriminals at aby and help promotes the thriving of the business and makes the business to realize a lot of profit. The cybercriminals in most cases result to stealing of business´ resources like finances online. The cybersecurity is done through several practices as discussed above. The board of directors will employ the above practices like install an antivirus, creating a very strong password, installing a strong firewall.

The board of members will hence have to review and evaluate the above. You've got profitable computerized resources, you hold individual data almost your clients and providers, and in this time of viral social media campaigns, your organization notoriety is fragile regardless of how pre-eminent it could be. With a very strong and reliable cybersecurity like the aforementioned firewalls, strong password, installing antivirus, it will for sure provide a secure platform for any business organization. This is because there is no unauthorized individual who will access the database of that organization. The governance Cloud should permit the board of directors to realize the demands in the organization boardrooms and also beyond with the capability to select the goods they want, this will help them to do their best and work within the organization allocated budgets. 


Antonucci, D. (2017). The Cyber Risk Handbook: Creating and Measuring Effective Cybersecurity Capabilities (3rd ed.). Manchester: John Wiley & Sons. doi:10.100/192

Cascarino, R. E. (2012). Auditor's Guide to IT Auditing (3rd ed.). Hawaii: John Wiley & Sons. doi:10.10/121

Elms, D. K. (2013). Global Value Chains in a Changing World (3rd ed.). Hull: World Trade Organization. doi:10.10/122

Goodman, S. (2011). Toward a Safer and More Secure Cyberspace (3rd ed.). Hull: National Academies Press. doi:100.1000/122

Harris, S. (2013). Gray Hat Hacking (2nd ed.). Beijing: McGraw Hill Professional. doi:10.1000/128

Institute, I. G. (2016). Information Security Governance: Guidance for Boards of Directors and Executive Management (2nd ed.). Chicago: ISACA. doi:1000.10/187

ISACA. (2013). Transforming Cybersecurity: Using COBIT 5 (4th ed.). Florida: ISACA. doi:10.1000/182

Kamar, H. (2017). what is cybersecurity (3rd ed.). Hawaii: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc. doi:10.100010/172

McLaughlin, M. (2015). Navigating the Digital Age: The Definitive Cybersecurity Guide for Directors and Officers (4th ed.). London: Caxton Business & Legal, Incorporated. doi:10.1000/182

National Academies of Sciences, E. a. (2014). Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation's Electricity System (4th ed.). Hawaii: National Academies Press. doi:10.10100/182

Rezek, C. (2015). Beyond Cybersecurity: Protecting Your Digital Business (2nd ed.). Toronto: John Wiley & Sons. doi:10.100/173

Rittinghouse, J. (2014). Cybersecurity Operations Handbook (3rd ed.). Chicago: Digital Press. doi:10.100/172

Schaefer, D. (2017). Cybersecurity for Industry 4.0: Analysis for Design and Manufacturing (3rd ed.). Manchester: Springer. doi:10.10/182

Sheffi, Y. (2015). The Power of Resilience: How the Best Companies Manage the Unexpected (4th ed.). New York: MIT Press. doi:10.10000/162

Smith, J. (2013). Managing Privacy: Information Technology and Corporate America (1st ed.). London: UNC Press Books. doi:10.10/82

Sullivant, J. (2016). Building a Corporate Culture of Security: Strategies for Strengthening Organizational Resiliency (1st ed.). Chicago: Elsevier Science. doi:100.1000/183

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Wittkop, J. (2016). Building a Comprehensive IT Security Program: Practical Guidelines and Best Practices (2nd ed.). Ottawa: Apress. doi:100.1000/2102

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