Examine the Accounting Standards Dveloped by IASB.
The analysis carried out in the present report aims at examining the accounting standards developed by IASB in relation to asset impairment. The IAS 36 and AASB 136 has been adopted in relation to the impairment of assets as per which the writing value of an asset during financial reporting must not exceed its recoverable amount (Hussey, 2010). The report illustrates the need, processes and information required by businesses for impairment testing of assets with reference to Myer Holdings Ltd. The report is directed to the CFO of Myer on the behalf of an accounting associate for evaluating whether the impairment of assets is an issue required to be addressed by the firm.
Necessity of Impairment Testing of Assets In Relation to Myer
The identification of impairment testing of assets of Myer is carried out by analyzing the condition of its tangible and non-tangible asset as follows:
- Asset Recognition: The flow of assets in Myer’s stores is relatively same and there is no evidence of decline in its asset in the group store over the past year. Thus, in the basis of asset flow in the Group it can be said that there is no indication of impairment of assets.
- Asset Value: There is no change in the overall asset base of the Group and all the assets have an equal contribution towards its net assets and therefore there is no asset impairment.
- Asset Turnover Rate: There is similar asset turnover ratio of the Group over the past few years indicating no impairment of assets (Myer Holdings Limited 2016 Annual Report, 2016).
Determination of Asset Impairment of Myer
The Myer Holdings Ltd has determined the impairment of assets through the use of discounted cash flow model. As depicted in the financial report of the Group, it has recognized a goodwill of about $27.1 million having an indefinite useful live. The goodwill cannot be assigned to the individual cash generating units of the Group and therefore have been distributed to the overall business group. The recoverable mount of these assets has been measured through a value in use discounted cash flow model for carrying out their impairment testing. The model used cash flow projections over the period of five years that are based on financial budgets and terminal growth rate. The major assumptions used by the model are sales growth and operating gross profit margin. The sensitivity analysis of these assumptions illustrated that there is no changes in these key assumptions at given level of excess future cash flows over the carrying values of asset for CGU of Myer Holdings Ltd. Thus, the carrying value of CGU does not exceed the recoverable amount of assets indicting no asset impairment. The Group has also disclosed about the accounting policies and procedures adopted for determining the assets impairment. The goodwill and intangible assets having indefinite useful lives are annually reviewed for impairment testing. Also, other non-current assets are reviewed for impairment testing on identification of any changes that indicates that their carrying amount may not be recoverable. The recoverable amount is greater than the fair value of an asset less cost to sell and value in use. The assets are categorized at the lower levels having identifiable inflows of cash and have no dependency on the cash inflows of other asset groups. The store assets have individual stores as their cash generating unit (Myer Holdings Limited 2016 Annual Report, 2016).
Information needed by Myer in determining asset impairments
The information required by Myer Holdings Ltd on the basis of above diagram for asset impairments can be described as follows. The Group at each reporting data requires information regarding the indication that assets may be impaired. The Group needs to consider the information available from both internal as well as external sources for determining the asset impairments. The external source may include information available from market interest rates, changes in the technologies, fluctuations in economic or legal environment and alteration in the market capitalization. On the other hand, internal sources may include internal restructuring, obsolescence or physical damage of the asset (Impairment accounting – the basics of IAS 36 Impairment of Assets, 2011). However, the recoverable amount of goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite useful lives need to be determined annually whether or not any indicators exist. The recoverable amount of assets needs to be determined for measuring the asset impairment. The carrying amount of the asset is compared with its recoverability for identifying whether the asset has impaired or not (Maynard, 2017).
However, in the situation of an asset that does not provide cash inflows. The recoverable amount is attributed to the CGU to which it belongs. The Group also needs to assess the present value of future cash flows that is estimated to be achieved from an asset or CGU. The Value in Use (VIU) approach is commonly used for projecting the future cash flows. The impairment loss is recorded as expenditure in the cost of an asset and in the case of revalued asset it is firstly recognized against its previous revaluation gains in other comprehensive income. The impaired losses, other than that arising from goodwill, if identified previously for an asset are revered if there has occur any change in the estimates that were used for determining its recoverability (Hussey, 2010).
Flexibility available with Myer Holding management for determination of the impairment of the assets
Impairment of the assets is the continuous process and it should be carried out once in the year in order to ascertain value of assets on the date of reporting of the financial statements (Hussey, 2010). Through making an analysis of the annual reports of the Myer Holdings Limited it has been found that management has taken proper care to carry out the impairment of the assets. It has been found that management is quite flexible to carry out the test to determine any impairment is needed for the particular assets.
AASB 136 sets out the requirement for all the companies to carry out the test once in the year in order to determine whether impairment is needed for any asset or not (Collings, 2015). It is important to have detailed level of information regarding the value of future flow of cash from the cash generating units of the Myer Holding Limited. Every CGU generates some cash flows and it is expected that it will generate the same in future years. On the basis of such assumptions value of future cash flows are estimated and it is compared with the carrying value of that asset. If any discrepancy is found it is marked and necessary procedures are followed for making the impairment such assets. Every year management reviews the carrying value of the each of the Myer stores and if any downfall is found it is removed through making the impairment in such CGU. In case where it has been found that any particular CGU needs to be impair than, recoverable amount of such CGU is measured through discounted cash flow model. Management always makes necessary assumptions to calculate the recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is also calculated through the Value in Use approach and highest of both RA is taken for making the impairment. Impairment simply means making an adjustment in the value of assets to the value of its recoverable amount. So it can be said that management finds it is flexible to make the impairment of the assets (Myer Holdings Limited 2016 Annual Report, 2016).
The analysis of Myer Holdings Ltd case inferred that impairment of assets is a major issue of concern required to be addressed by the firm. The Group, however, needs to periodically review its assets for identification of any asset impairment.
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Hussey, R. 2010. Fundamentals of International Financial Accounting and Reporting. World Scientific Publishing Company.
Impairment accounting – the basics of IAS 36 Impairment of Assets. 2011. [Online]. Available at: https://www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/Impairment_accounting_the_basics_of_IAS_36_Impairment_of_Assets/$FILE/Impairment_accounting_IAS_36.pdf [Accessed on: 26 August, 2017].
Maynard, J. 2017. Financial Accounting, Reporting, and Analysis. Oxford University Press.
Myer Holdings Limited 2016 Annual Report. 2016. [Online]. Available at: https://investor.myer.com.au/FormBuilder/_Resource/_module/dGngnzELxUikQxL5gb1cgA/file/Myer_Annual_Report_2016.pdf [Accessed on: 26 August, 2017].