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An Investigation In The Aged Care Industry In Australia

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Question:

Discuss about the Aged Care Industry in Australia.
 
 

Answer:

Introduction

Research Issue

The major concerns those are expressed by the stakeholders regarding the aged care quality in Australia. The organization is responsible for realizing whether or not a residential aged care facility funded by the government of Australia. The significance of this research is to investigate the Australian Aged Care Accreditation Standards. Additionally, these standards have been observed to contribute to the enhancing care after theory emergence (Baldwin and Chenoweth 2015). Moreover, these standards are just deemed to present minimum standards of quality and they do not totally centre on clinical results. Transformation in the demographics along with observing boost in aging population in Australia has necessitated implementation of aged care services and such growth is deemed to sustain in future (Australia 2015). There are certain aspects namely sustainability, funding associated with future investments along with provisions of upcoming growth based on the industry. The aged care service providers within Australia are accountable for offering services associated with aged care in Australia that encompass residential care services along with home and community care services (McLachlan 2013). The research problem has revealed that workforce of the aged care industry is not distributed in an even manner. Moreover, a great number of working populations is associated with residential aged care industry as it is vital that residential aged care must have great work force and certain home care is required to be increased for it is extremely less.

Home care industries within the sub-continent areas are gradually transforming because of great number of aged care individuals (Farag et al. 2016). Within the over populated nations it is deemed vital to for offering extensive care for the increasing population. In comparison to the aged care sector within Australia the industry has not gradually enhanced within the sub-continental nations. Conversely, the lifecycle as well as the culture of people within Australia is extremely distinct from the sub-continent areas as it is not likely to have identical infrastructure in all the regions (Drew, Kortt and Dollery 2014). Considering the same research problem, the recent research will investigate significant relationship between capita growth in the sub-continents and Aged care expenditure in Australia.

 

Research Question

The research question that is to be answered through the current study is:

  • Will this growth be replicated within the sub-continent nations with the growth of the per capita income?
  • What is the relationship between capita growth in the sub-continents and Aged care expenditure in Australia?
  • What are the recommendations offered to enhance growth of per-capita income in Australian sub-continents?Research Hypotheses

The research hypotheses those are to be tested in investigating the Aged Care Industry in Australia with the growth of per capital income are mentioned under:

  • H1: There is a significant relationship between capita growth in the sub-continents and Aged care expenditure in Australia.
  • H2: There is a significant relationship between growth in expenditure on aged care services of Australia and capita income of sub continental countries

Research Methodology

Research Design

Based on the research question, the current exploration has considered selecting most appropriate research design that has helped in determining the ways through which research hypothesis was proved (Warburton and Mahoney 2016). This is because; the current research has considered carrying out detailed description of aspects that explained significant relationship between capita growth in the sub-continents and Aged care expenditure in Australia. The researcher in the current study has considered using explanatory research design in consideration to which they have prepared several recommendations to deal with the research problem after the accomplishment of the study (Hughes, Bigby and Tilbury 2016). This is the main reason for which descriptive research design is followed by the researcher in accomplishing the overall research.

Data Collection Method

Data is considered as vital requirement for making sure of proper accomplishment of current research within which gathering relevant data is based on the research characteristics and desired study results. In the current research on investigation regarding growth in expenditure on aged care services of Australia and capita income of sub continental countries are seven sub-continents, primary data was gathered (Tapper and Phillimore 2014). Primary data was gathered from a small sample in the current research for the time constraint and complexity associated with gathering primary data from the selected seven sub-continents of Australia. Both quantitative as well as qualitative data was gathered in this study (Britt et al. 2013). Quantitative data collection was deemed highly suitable in this research as quantitative information can be evaluated easily for collecting desired results and findings from the research. Quantitative data collection also provides important information regarding inclination concerning human perception that is relied on particular information on study.

Data Sampling Method

Sampling can be deemed as a process by means of which target survey participants for the recent study has been selected from a huge population. Appropriate process of sampling supports the researcher in choosing very appropriate source for primary data collection for extracting vital information totally associated with attaining the purpose of the current research (Davidson 2015). Simple random sampling technique was employed in this research to select most appraise data and sample for data analysis. This sampling technique was used as it has facilitated equal chances for the sample to be selected for the current research. Moreover, simple random sampling is also considered suitable in case of quantitative data collection that is followed in this study for gathering desired sample size from huge sample base (Burkett et al. 2016). The selected sample for investigating relationship between growth in expenditure on aged care services of Australia and capita income of sub continental countries are seven sub-continents.

 


Data Analysis Method

The data that was gathered was analyzed with the help of employing several analytical processes associated with investigation of primary data. In consideration to same, it was gathered that most suitable selection of data analysis techniques is vital that can help in attaining most dependable and transparent research results (Meagher, Szebehely and Mears 2016). In addition, it also sustains in maintaining the dependability and transparency of the collected research based information. Adequate representation of quantitative data is carried out with the support of signifying them in tables and graphs that were in turn simplified the data evaluation process in accordance with gathered data. MS excel tools were also used effectively in conducting correlation analysis based on the collected primary data (Hungerford et al. 2016). Such analysis has also facilitated in proving the set research hypothesis in investigating significant relationship between capita growth in the sub-continents and Aged care expenditure in Australia.

Ethical Considerations

While conducting research on the current topic the researcher had made sure that suitable ethical code of conduct was followed in every step of research and the process of data collection (Wade, Soar and Gray 2014). Primary data has been gathered from dependable sources that have made sure the researcher regarding the results collected from the study. The researcher ensured regarding the maintaining the reliability and trustworthiness of results gathered from the current exploration. Moreover, the researcher also attempted to gather reliable data from the investigation in consideration to the most accurate and up-to-date primary sources for exploration the impact of expenditure on aged care on the per capita growth of Australian sub continents (Drew, Walk and West 2016).

 


Data Collection Methods Limitations

Though primary data collection has helped in gathering relevant research results, still it was gathered that this type of research has several disadvantages that includes involvement of high cost and chances of inaccurate feedbacks in conducting primary research (Clark, Parker and Davey 2014). Moreover, small sample size selected in primary research might not be extremely reliable as a huge population consideration can be highly "time consuming" as collection of such data is not possible n lesser time (Cooke and Bartram 2015). Neither imitation of primary data considers that inaccurate feedbacks might not be gathered from the survey participants nor there high chances that such feedback might no be very reliable.

Data analysis:

Primary research:

1.In what age group do you currently fall under?

Options

No. of responses

Total respondents

Responses %

21-25

14

103

13.59%

26-30

43

103

41.75%

31-35

33

103

32.04%

36-40

9

103

8.74%

Above 40

4

103

3.88%

Mean

Median

Mode

S.D.

2.48

2.00

2.00

0.97

Table 3.1: depicting the age group of the respondents

(Source: As created by the author)

 

Figure 3.1: Depicting the age group of the respondents

(Source: As created by the author)

Maximum of the respondents age mainly lie under 26 to 35 years, which helps in obtaining viable information for the research. Moreover, around 74% of the respondents mainly depict the overall responses, which could be used in improving viability of the research. With the help of mean, median and mode, viability of the respondent’s age is detected. Furthermore, SD of the respondents is below 1, which depicts that responses are viable.

2.What is you demography?

Options

No. of responses

Total respondents

Responses %

Male

79

103

76.70%

Female

24

103

23.30%

Mean

Median

Mode

S.D.

1.23

1.00

1.00

0.42

Table 3.2: Depicting the demographic of the respondents

(Source: As created by the author)

Figure 3.2: Depicting demographic of the respondents

(Source: As created by the author)

With the help of mean, median and mode, demographic of the respondent’s is detected. Furthermore, SD of the respondents is below 1, which depicts that use of the adequate responses are viable.

3.How much per capita income has grown from precious years?

Options

No. of responses

Total respondents

Responses %

0%-5%

36

103

34.95%

6%-10%

53

103

51.46%

11%-15%

11

103

10.68%

16%-20%

2

103

1.94%

Above 20%

1

103

0.97%

Mean

Median

Mode

S.D.

1.83

2.00

2.00

0.77

 Table 3.3: Depicting the increment in per capita income

(Source: As created by the author)

Figure 3.3: Depicting the increment in per capita income

(Source: As created by the author)

Moreover, from figure and table 3.3 overall increments in the per capita income of sub continental countries are depicted by 51.46%. With the help of mean, mode, and median, option 2 is mainly indicated as the most viable response used by the respondents. Thus, a relative increment of 6% to 10% could be identified.

4.How much did Aged care expenditure increased in precious years?

Options

No. of responses

Total respondents

Responses %

0%-5%

12

103

11.65%

6%-10%

49

103

47.57%

11%-15%

33

103

32.04%

16%-20%

6

103

5.83%

Above 20%

3

103

2.91%

Mean

Median

Mode

S.D.

2.41

2.00

2.00

0.88

Table 3.4: Depicting the increment in expenditure of aged care industry

(Source: As created by the author)

Figure 3.4: Depicting the increment in expenditure of aged care industry

(Source: As created by the author)

The mean, median, and mode mainly state that respondents choose both option 2 and 3. In addition, it is estimated that around 6% to 15% increment in expenditure of aged care industry could be identified. The low SD mainly states that there is relatively no risk regarding responses used in the research.

Correlation of Question 3 and 4:

 

Q3

Q4

Q3

1

 

Q4

0.033773

1

 Table 3.5: Depicting the correlation in per capita income and

(Source: As created by the author)

With the help of table 3.5 overall correlations between increment in expenditure and per capita income is depicted. Moreover, a positive correlation mainly states that an increment in expenditure also increases income per capita in sub continental countries.

Summary:

The overall data analysis chapter mainly helps in depicting the relevant correlation between the per capita income of sub continental companies and Australian aged care expenses. Moreover, the researcher with the relevant outcome has mainly depicted the relationship between per capita incomes generated by subcontinent countries. Furthermore, the adequate impact of expenses conducted by Australian movement could be identified, which in turn help in improving per capita income of sub centennial countries.

Conclusion and Recommendations

The significance of this research was to investigate the Australian Aged Care Accreditation Standards. Moreover, these standards have been observed to contribute to the enhancing care after theory emergence. The research problem has revealed that workforce of the aged care industry is not distributed in an even manner. Moreover, a great number of working populations is associated with residential aged care industry as it is vital that residential aged care must have great work force and certain home care is required to be increased for it is extremely less. The current research gathered the relevant outcome that has mainly depicted the relationship between per capita incomes generated by subcontinent countries. Furthermore, the adequate impact of expenses conducted by Australian movement could be identified, which in turn help in improving per capita income of sub centennial countries. The research revealed that the relevant increment in the capita income of Sri lank, Bhutan, Maldives, and Nepal has drastically improved, while Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh seen slow improvement. This derivation mainly helps in depicting the impact of expenditure conducted by Australian government on aged population.

 


Data analysis revealed maximum number of equipments and workforce in Aged care centers are mainly provided from sub-continental countries, as it helps in reducing costs and improving overall service quality. Furthermore, overall increment in aged population expenses is mainly helpful for some of the sub continent countries as the overall income is mainly generated from expenses conducted by the Australian government. Furthermore, from the correlation calculation Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, and Nepal is mainly identified of having the most correlation between expenses and per capita income. Furthermore, the relevancy in expenses could be identified, which might be helpful in generating higher income. Furthermore, high correlation in expenses and per capita income mainly states the positive implications, which is helpful for sub continent countries to generate higher.

 

References:

aihw.gov.au., 2017. [online] Aihw.gov.au. Available at: https://www.aihw.gov.au/national-aged-care-data-clearinghouse/ [Accessed 17 Feb. 2017].

Australia, C., 2015. The economic value of informal care in Australia in 2015.

Baldwin, R. and Chenoweth, L., 2015. Residential Aged Care Policy in Australia–Are We Learning from Evidence?. Australian Journal of Public Administration, 74(2), pp.128-141.

Britt, H., Miller, G.C., Henderson, J., Bayram, C., Valenti, L., Harrison, C., Charles, J., Pan, Y., Zhang, C., Pollack, A.J. and O'Halloran, J., 2013. General Practice Activity in Australia 2012-13: BEACH: Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health (No. 33). Sydney University Press.

Burkett, E., Martin-Khan, M.G., Scott, J., Samanta, M. and Gray, L.C., 2016. Trends and predicted trends in presentations of older people to Australian emergency departments: effects of demand growth, population aging and climate change. Australian Health Review.

Clark, S.J., Parker, R.M. and Davey, R., 2014. Nurse Practitioners in Aged Care Documentary Analysis of Successful Project Proposals. Qualitative health research, p.1049732314548691.

Cooke, F.L. and Bartram, T., 2015. Guest Editors’ Introduction: Human Resource Management in Health Care and Elderly Care: Current Challenges and Toward a Research Agenda. Human Resource Management, 54(5), pp.711-735.

Davidson, B., 2015. Community aged care providers in a competitive environment: past, present and future. Sydney University Press.

Drew, J., Kortt, M.A. and Dollery, B., 2014. Economies of scale and local government expenditure: evidence from Australia. Administration & Society, 46(6), pp.632-653.

Drew, M.E., Walk, A.N. and West, J.M., 2016. Withdrawal capacity in the face of expected and unexpected health and aged-care expenses during retirement. The Journal of Retirement, 3(3), pp.77-94.

Farag, I., Howard, K., O’Rourke, S., Ferreira, M.L., Lord, S.R., Close, J.C.T., Vogler, C., Dean, C.M., Cumming, R.G. and Sherrington, C., 2016. Health and social support services in older adults recently discharged from hospital: service utilisation and costs and exploration of the impact of a home-exercise intervention. BMC geriatrics, 16(1), p.82.

Harvey, R. and De Boer, R., 2015. Growth in expenditure on high cost drugs in Australia. Research Paper, Parliamentary Library, Canberra.

Hughes, M., Bigby, C. and Tilbury, C., 2016. Australian social work research on ageing and aged care: A scoping review. Journal of Social Work, p.1468017316654346.

Hungerford, C., Prosser, B., Davey, R., Clark, S., Davey, C.H.B.P.R. and Clark, S., 2016. The Australian ‘grey nomad’and aged care nurse practitioner models of practice: a case study analysis. Rural and remote health, 16(2), p.3647.

McLachlan, R., 2013. Deep and Persistent Disadvantage in Australia-Productivity Commission Staff Working Paper.

Meagher, G., Szebehely, M. and Mears, J., 2016. How institutions matter for job characteristics, quality and experiences: a comparison of home care work for older people in Australia and Sweden. Work, Employment & Society, 30(5), pp.731-749.

Tapper, A. and Phillimore, J., 2014. Trends in Australian government health expenditure by age: a fiscal incidence analysis. Australian Health Review, 38(5), pp.523-527.

tradingeconomics.com., 2017. [online] Tradingeconomics.com. Available at: https://www.tradingeconomics.com/maldives/gdp-per-capita [Accessed 17 Feb. 2017].

Wade, V., Soar, J. and Gray, L., 2014. Uptake of telehealth services funded by Medicare in Australia. Australian Health Review, 38(5), pp.528-532.

Warburton, J. and Mahoney, A.M., 2016. The aged care sector: residential and community care. Understanding the Australian Health Care System, p.121.

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