The collapse of the Maya civilization has been regarded as one of the greatest uncertain mysteries of the ancient world. The deficit of certain concrete evidence there has been posed several possibilities of the decline and similar statements can be made related to their belief system as well. The expansiveness of the recent lost world of Maya civilization has been perceived to be greater than the sites of Tikal, Holmul and Witzna recognized for their holy shrines and pyramids and has further been conserved for the estimated period of over twelve centuries under a substantial amount of the forest reserve. However, with the aid of laser technology, recent representations have been identified as hundreds of thousands of palaces, highways along with industrial agricultural sites and new pyramids led the most proficient and experienced archeologists and anthropologists to be astonished and face bewilderment at the evaluation, identifying more forms of settlement than has been anticipated in the ancient Maya region. The article “Lasers Reveal a Maya Civilization So Dense It Blew Experts’ Minds” draws attention to the immense expansiveness of the lost world and the way modern day anthropologists have developed the awareness of the well-comprehensive city and its civilization (Fortin, 2018). The thesis statement of this essay is “laser technology developed new insights of ancient Maya Civilization”.
The article been analytical and descriptive rather being expository has implemented information from external sources as well as observation which reveals the immensely developed settlements which had not been expected whereby the experts and archeologists have to evaluate through the dense forest reserve in order to validate the significant existence of the ruins (Fortin, 2018). However the article explicitly reviews the vitality of the recent technologically proficient and reliable lasers. It has been stated by the article the way structures recognized by other anthropologists by shooting lasers down from planes in order to make penetration of the thick foliage (Fortin, 2018). The author aims to provide an explicit understanding of the laser lights further regarded as LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) which functions by shooting rapid pulsates of the light at the surface whereby with the appearance of the forest reserve, the coverage of tree canopies were being removed with the help of advanced laser technologies further exposing the 800 square miles of the Pre-Columbian civilization which is the regarded as the largest LiDAR data set that has been acquired for archeological purposes (Fortin, 2018). The article by Fortin possesses immense interest as it provided detailed insights of the cultural aspects of Maya city which has been perceived as an urbane and refined civilization. One of the reasons why Maya culture has gathered immense rate of recognition is for cultivation, crop growing facilities, astronomy and art (Fortin, 2018). In particular the data introduced by the article facilitates the understanding of the contributory role played by the advanced technologies; along with the interconnected roadways situated between several sectors, however this recent discovery perceives the Mayan civilization of utmost competitor. Furthermore, the laser imaging demonstrates the wide roadways constructed above the wetland regions which aided to develop network to the agricultural sector to market and to the metropolitan areas.
The article further reveals certain areas of concerns which further created limitations to the success path of several archeologists while aiming to preserve the cultural and heritage measures of the Maya City (Fortin, 2018). However these areas of limitations can be related to the issues associated with archeological visibility and preconception while conducting any observation whereby one considers the evaluation of the archeological record and evidence vastly associated to human culture mentioned in the book “Through the Lens of Anthropology” by Muckle and Tubelle de González (Muckle & de González, 2015, pp-49-52 ). The book explicitly reveals various facets of human culture which as being signified by archeologists of low archeological visibility which implies to certain level of complexities in order to identify the conditions of Maya Civilization (Muckle & de González, 2015). Furthermore, the complex forms of irrigation and terracing systems have been reportedly been considered to have provided a significant role to the mass scale concerning agricultural lands which further would have aided the population anticipated to have inhabited in that region. While evaluating this section, the author of the article has revealed the critical areas which lack the interest in pursuing methodical and systemic narrations with the interest and adequate understanding of archeologists in looking for an effective sustainable development for that particular region (Fortin, 2018). Chapter 4 of the book has explicitly revealed the transition of human culture which dealt with the evolution of technology during the period of Paleolithic age has been immensely insightful which further stated the disparities in the stages of erudition of the lithic proficiency and technology that has been regarded as significantly astounding (Muckle & de González, 2015, pp-85-87). The chapter further stated the way ideological factors have acted as one of the complex aspects of archaic or ancient human culture to the path of modernization. However, the limitations and areas of complexities on the way of archeological investigation have been comprehended by the evidence provided on Chapter 6 “Cultural Evolution from 20,000 to 5,000 Years Ago” whereby a considerable section of archeologists are of the notion that they preserve evidences and data from hundreds of thousands of years ago, whereby a major section of Neanderatals began burying the deceased by estimated 40,000 years ago (Muckle & de González, 2015, pp- 120). Furthermore it has been stated in Chapter 5 , that the use of certain terminologies in order to describe certain cultural era does not comprise any universalism where the date of initialization and conclusion have been highly approximate (Muckle & de González, 2015, pp- 117-120). However, they further state the incapability of archeologists and historians to use these terminologies because of their inapplicability and lack of recognition in certain regions and the dates of initialization and conclusion vary when such terminologies are being used as per regional preferences.
However, the most significant aspect of this article is the intriguing language in which it has been written in order to provide an intriguing sense of expression for the readers by shedding light on the laser technology has provided certain new insights of Maya civilization.Furthermore, the article has revealed the critical areas of the way archeologists have given efforts to present an explicit data by further diluting the information with statements from the book “Through the Lens of Anthropology” by Muckle and Tubelle de González by relating the issues stated in the article with the chapters of the book.
Fortin, J. (2018). Lasers Reveal a Maya Civilization So Dense It Blew Experts’ Minds. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/03/world/americas/mayan-city-discovery-laser.html
Muckle, R. J., & de González, L. T. (2015). Through the Lens of Anthropology: An Introduction to Human Evolution and Culture. University of Toro