Discuss about the Applied Research.
A retrospective survey of substance abuse in anaesthetists in Australia and New Zealand from 2004 to 2013.
The main aim of the article that dealt with the substance abuse among the anesthetists in New Zealand is to study the patterns, risk factors and incidence that are related to the substance abuse in New Zealand and Australia. The authors took the help of qualitative research design and interviewed 185 individual who belongs to the Australian and New Zealand College of anesthetists. They evaluated the change in substance abuse in the period of 2004 to 2013 (Bradford, & Maude, 2014).
A person who is writing the research critique can also give recommendation on the areas that could have been improved by the author who has carried out the research project. The researcher clearly states the aims of the research is clearly stated in the project. However, the researchers have raised questions after reaching the conclusion rather than giving an answer to the problem in the conclusion. As the researchers have pointed towards lack of data regarding the substance abuse for the anesthetists, hence, it is not possible to reach any other conclusion and interpretation from the data (Morse, & Kimball, 2012).
The quantitative research design is appropriate for the authors who carried out the survey for substance abuse in anesthetists. The questionnaires were sent to the participants through e-mail and the participants are given time to revert with the given time. However, the researchers did not mention any theory that they have taken into account while carrying out the research work. However, the period of study is for tem years; it might have been possible that the participants who gave their reply ten years back might not be available to give their feedback for the period of ten years. In this article, there is no hypothesis that has been taken into consideration by the researchers.
The quantitative research design is appropriate for the reaching the aim of the research. The authors have clearly stated the number of participants and the number if responses to the e-mail that have been sent to the participants. Out of 185 participants, 106 have completed the research work. The researchers have shown the percentage of the participants who have reported cases of substance abide (Bhattacherjee, 2012). In addition to this, the recruitment of the participants have been clearly stated by the authors.
Before carrying out the research work, the authors took the approval for the projects from the Monash University Human Research and Ethics Committee and the New Zealand Health and Disability Ethics Committees, Auckland Health Board Research Review Committee. However, the authors have not mentioned any ethical consideration that the authors have taken into consideration to protect the privacy of the participants. It would have been better if the authors mentioned the steps that they have taken to assure the participants proper protection to the participants who are taking part in the research (Buchanan, 2012).
Fetal response to maternal hunger and satiation - novel finding from a qualitative descriptive study of maternal perception of fetal movements
The main aim of the article that deals with the fetal response to maternal hunger and satiation is to study the normal behavior of the fetus as described by the women who has gone through normal pregnancy (Fry, Fry, & Castanelli, 2015). Once the normal fetal activity will be studied, the researcher can then identify the abnormal activity. The researcher will study the contribution of the meals taken by the mother on the activity of the fetus. The researcher has carried out the research with expectation that how the abnormal fetal activity can be improved. The researcher of the article has taken the help of qualitative research and has taken into consideration inductive approach where very little knowledge is available and the voice of the patient is most important in such cases.
A research critique can be termed as a professional analysis of a research paper that will help in identifying the strength and weakness of the research paper (Tracy, 2012). A research critique will look into all the aspects of a research paper starting from critically analyzing the aims and the objectives, the introduction, the research methodology, the data analysis until the conclusion. In the article, ‘Fetal response to maternal hunger and satiation - novel finding from a qualitative descriptive study of maternal perception of fetal movements’, the researcher did not take any hypothesis but followed the aim of the research by studying the normal behavior of the fetus will help them studying the abnormality. The researchers studied various patterns in the fetus once the mother is hungry or after getting the meal. However, the researcher should have got the feedback of the women who are suffering from abnormal pregnancy.
The research design that was taken into consideration by the authors while studying the fetal activity is apt for such kind of research work and helped the researchers in understanding the feedback of the women. The questions were mainly open-ended so that the women could be able to explain their position (Erickson, 2012). Women who have low risk in pregnancy are taken into consideration by the researcher. As such, the authors do not take the help of any theory to describe the research design that they have taken into consideration. The researcher expanded the question wherever possible.
The researcher has said that at times, it is not possible to use the qualitative research in the purest form and the research method has to team up with the quantitative method. The researcher mixed some aspects of the quantitative approach and the combination of the approach has helped the researcher to reach the aim of the research. The sampling strategy was consistent with the saturation. Out of the twenty participants, 15 participants were interviewed in the early phase of pregnancy and 18 were interviewed in the latter part of their pregnancy. Thirteen women were present in both the times. Additional participants were recruited when there was unavailability of other participants. The researcher did not take into consideration any further participants when there was no new data and sense of saturation was achieved.
As maintaining the ethics of a research work, is important hence the researcher took the approval for carrying out the research work from the New Zealand Health and Disability Ethics Committee (Central Region) (Miller et al,. 2012). In addition to this, the approvals from different community sites are taken into consideration. As the researcher recorded the interviews of the participants hence, written permission was taken from the participants. The researcher maintained proper privacy as it could be seen that the researcher has used pseudonyms in place of the real names of the participants.
Bhattacherjee, A. (2012). Social science research: principles, methods, and practices.
Bradford, B., & Maude, R. (2014). Fetal response to maternal hunger and satiation–novel finding from a qualitative descriptive study of maternal perception of fetal movements. BMC pregnancy and childbirth, 14(1), 288.
Buchanan, E. (2012). Ethical decision-making and internet research.
Erickson, F. (2012). Qualitative research methods for science education. InSecond international handbook of science education (pp. 1451-1469). Springer Netherlands.
Fry, R. A., Fry, L. E., & Castanelli, D. J. (2015). A retrospective survey of substance abuse in anaesthetists in Australia and New Zealand from 2004 to 2013. Anaesthesia & Intensive Care, 43(1).
Miller, T., Birch, M., Mauthner, M., & Jessop, J. (Eds.). (2012). Ethics in qualitative research. Sage.
Morse, P. M., & Kimball, G. E. (2012). Methods of operations research. Courier Corporation.
Tracy, S. J. (2012). Qualitative research methods: Collecting evidence, crafting analysis, communicating impact. John Wiley & Sons.