Discuss about the Architectural Work Place Designs and Work Behaviors for Apple.
In recent years the area of architectural design and use of technology is influencing work designs and employee behaviors. Buildings are constructed in a way that it pushes employees to work towards new limits. Example of such buildings is that of Apple Park, a campus that houses 12000 staff with a vast circular building surrounded with a park, and Nvidia a two storey building. Apple Park is located in Cupertino with a type of Silicon Valley’s campuses which makes it to be an emblem of the latest US technology industry craze. Nvidia a chipmaker on the other hand has a two storey office with spaces in its heart that do not allow ‘collisions and interactions’ of the users (Ording & Louch 2017, p.45). Nvidia design represents a Utopia of a wide flat across campuses instead of making users split across vertical floors. Every employee in Apple and Nvidia have own work stations (‘hot desks’) which allows them to gather and huddle when working for a project. The use of ‘hot desks’ is more cost effective and more flexible. Motivation behind use of ‘utopia flat design campuses and ‘hot desks’ is on revenue generation originating from employees working collaboratively’ (Myerson, Bichard 2016, p.24).
Several studies findings have justified the use of ‘hot desks’ as appropriate for working stations. A research conducted by Leesman a workplace research group established that 70% of employees in activity-based workplaces like to huddle in a single desk. That contrasts with the aim of using activity-based work place which was designed for them to move from a zone to another during a working day. Gensler, the architectural firm for Nvidia new building justified in their finding that ‘employees require work stations with less privacy, more collaborations and limited space for working.’ That is provided by the use of ‘hot desks’ which is more relevant to what the employee’s need. The drawback of using ‘hot desks’ is that it may not be suitable for certain professional works requiring individual efforts instead of collaborations (Ording & Louch 2017, p.45). Other jobs require individuals to focus towards work and any migration or open spaces would cause distractions. Changes in technology continue to erode work patterns and it is then appropriate if only they do not re-engineer the behavior of the users.
- How does architectural technology craze contribute to redesign of work spaces?
- What are the factors contributing to the recent architectural technology craze in work spaces?
- Which office space design configuration is most appropriate for employee working behaviors?
- What are the challenges facing architectural technology in redesigning work spaces?
Literature review of the article is based on the research questions and will be derived from empirical facts from secondary sources of data.
Architectural technologies craze and redesign of work spaces
There is emerging craze in architectural technologies for work related spaces. Designers and architects are now tasked to redesign work spaces that innovative. They are focused on achieving goals for creating new working spaces that revolve building of communities, encourage work encounters, and could enhance collaborations. The building sector in US and across the world is developing in a rapid speed there is need to adhere to strict building and construction codes. Differential building of co-working spaces as emerged as one of the fast growing areas in the building sector. Architectures and designers are competing to provide the best office structures (Myerson, Bichard 2016, p.24)
Innovation spaces in architectural designs are signs of demographic, economic and cultural forces influencing office structures developments. The dynamic changes in innovation are transforming office structures into flexible locales, open enough to host different professionals and disciplines. Changes in demographics in the work place are the leading cause of changes in office structures designs. ‘Designers are tasked with innovative ways to ensure different workers needs are met for the benefit of the institution’ (Chappell & Dunn 2015, p.45).
Factors contributing to the recent architectural technology craze in work spaces
The architectural work spaces have changed over the last 10 years due to different reasons. The first reason comes from convergent sharing of ideas and opinions from different sectorial areas. Different disciplines and professionals are currently contributing to the latest architectural building designs. Committees are formed from different sectors among them architecture personnel to develop suitable work spaces for their clients. Today, external sources for example the R&D laboratories are producing commercialized architectural designs which they sell to different clients. The second factor is that now day’s architects and designers are competing to deliver competitive and breathtaking designs for their clients. Innovative use of technology currently contributes to 80% of the emerging trends in architectural technology craze in developing work spaces (Latham 2016, p.45)
The third factor emerges from those using the work space democratically contributing significantly to current design. Architectural designs are distancing from dictation from architects and leaders of the organization (Giachetti 2016, p.23). The users are given opportunity to state the kind of design they expect to have for their work spaces. It has changed how employees are empowered and elevated to define the nature of work space that supports their ambitions and needs (Lifschutz 2017, p.34). The current architectural designs have become a cutting edge in integrating employee and organizational cultures, ambitions in supporting work space designs that are mutually suitable.
Architectural work space configurations and employee working behaviors
Private offices are examples of office space designs that architectures design for office use. Private office workplaces offer the largest amount of security of all office conditions. Private offices workplaces likewise furnish representatives with spots to privately hold meetings and have their own particular conferences with colleagues. In many work environments, private office workplaces exist however restricted to abnormal state administrations. It is very costly to have a private office spaces for each worker (Deasy, Newell, Mware 2015, p.45). In any case, offering private office workspaces for representatives to share can go far in consuming resources.
As per The Washington Post, around 70 percent of U.S. workplaces take after the open office organize with no or little segments. The beginning of this office space designs absolutely originated from the technology organizations in Silicon Valley, which gloat that open office designs offer unparalleled connection and straightforwardness (Sailer, Pomeroy & Haslem 2015, p.253). What started on the West Coast spread the nation over and into organizations in all businesses. While these office floor designs help expand organization space at bring down costs, they can contribute significantly to profitability.
The cubicles are example of office space designs configurations where smaller partitions are created to lessen the open spaces created in an open layout office. It is a cost effective method of creating offices and architecturally they were developed from open office plan layouts. They possess numerous drawbacks; employees under the cubicles noise is still a concern, visual distractions is another problem, and another problem is normal movement can be a major disruptions (Hatch 2017, p.132). Certain cubicles are made more attractive by designing meeting points for the employees to breakdown the monotony of open cubicles.
Co-working space is a type office space designs configurations applied by architecture’s. The designs bring diverse groups of workers, professionals in a shared environment. A study by Harvard review shows that employees in co-working spaces are successful than those found in regular offices. The co-working spaces are available to employees at all times (Ching, & Binggeli 2018 p.45). They contain numerous working spaces that employees can share tables, resources and share ideas effectively.
Challenges facing architectural technology in redesigning work spaces
The changing social behaviors and organizational intentions has become a challenge that is contributing to how work space is designed. Architects and designs are largely affected because they need to follow social patterns which are dynamic. Balancing between innovation and design flexibility is another challenge for architects and designers. Organizations are focused on developing work spaces that are flexible to the current and future needs which is challenging. Flexibility requires thinking through all aspects of design, available resources, technology used, current and future needs. ‘The demand for flexibility has made architectural technology in development of work spaces a complex endeavor (Wyoma VanDuinkerken & Karen MacDonald 2013, p.248).
The changing work pattern and policies for organizations is another challenge to architects and designers. The rate in which changes are done in organization and global changes makes organizations to review their designs for work spaces. A number of architects are complaining over the highly curtailed life of architectural technology designs for work stations. Another challenge is that in collaborative architectural technology designs for work spaces require sectors to communicate effectively on tacit information (Duffy, Cave &Worthington 2016, p.45). But the information is found to be undocumented, unstructured, and more experiential that require rich communication techniques. The state and government policies that change town mapping and designs contribute to reshuffling of work space, changing of designs and arrangement of work spaces becomes an occasional challenge for architectural technology designers.
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