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Arduino And Raspeberry Pi Add in library

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Question:

Compare Arduino vs Raspberry Pi, outlining the benefits in using a Raspberry Pi over Arduino when using the tech to carry out a project that involves building a robot with a camera and a sensor that allows the vehicle to detect distances from objects and obstacles?
 
 

Answer:

Arduino and Raspeberry Pi may look similar but two are different things. Arduino is a microcontroller and it needs programming the hardware directly for some task. The task may be monitoring through sensors, building some robot etc. On the other hand, Raspberry Pi is a mini computer based on Linux platform. It is more like a ‘plug-n-play’ system. There are input/output ports for video etc. Additionally, there is a SD card for holding the OS files and other data. It can be programmed for any application just like programming through a computer.

For the given purpose of building a robot with camera and sensors so that the vehicles with the robot can detect obstacles from a distance, there are some benefits of using Raspberry Pi over Adruino. Those are,

  • Adruino is a bare hardware that can be programmed using assembly or machine language. Those can gather data through sensors and send those to some connected computer. Adruino is not a computer so it cannot process data. It can collect and send data. On the other hand, Raspberry Pi is a mini computer that can take data from sensors or Adruino(s) and process those data. Without processing the raw data, the robot cannot perform. It needs to calculate the distance of the object and act accordingly. Only sensing the distance is not enough. (Adruino, 2015), (Raspberry Pi, 2015).

  • Raspberry Pi is a compact minicomputer over Linux platform, so loding an application for processing data collected by the ensors is easier here. On the other hand the same taks cannot be done effectively on Adruino as there are several restriction on hardware. For example. Adruino has a memory of 0.002 MB and processor clock speed 16 MHz. Compared to that, Raspberry Pi has 512MB memory with clock speed of the processor, 700 MHz. So, Raspberry Pi has far better computing resources than Adruino. (Upton & Halfacree, 2014), (Banzi, 2011).
 

References

Adruino, 2015. Adruino. [Online]
Available at: https://www.arduino.cc/
[Accessed 19 February 2015].

Banzi, M., 2011. Getting Started with Arduino. s.l.:O'Reilly Media, Inc..

Raspberry Pi, 2015. Raspberry Pi. [Online]
Available at: https://www.raspberrypi.org/
[Accessed 19 February 2015].

Upton, E. & Halfacree, G., 2014. Raspberry Pi User Guide. s.l.:John Wiley & Sons.

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