The Royal Academy of France was established in 1648 and influenced The Royal Academy to get establishes in Britain and Denmark (Culture.gouv.fr, 2017). They played the most significant role in shaping the European Art in 17th to 19th century. The tradition of culturing art through training in the instructional institutions, regular exhibitions was their primary contribution which helped to flourish in that era. The credit for the style of Academic art goes to the academy. The amalgamation of the styles of Romanticism and Neoclassicism formed the framework of the movement. Artists such as Thomas Couture, Jacques Louis David, William Adolphe Bouguereau and Joshua Reynolds were the key artists of this genre of painting, architecture and sculpture. The governmental initiatives also helped the tradition to grow such strong. Cardinal Mazarin and Cardinal Richelieu dedicated their power to the academy’s glory (Rietbergen, (2014).
Several important architectures were built by the artists during this period which influenced other European countries to imitate or replicate the style. The concept of a central squares surrounded by homes or plaza was one of them. Some influential architects were Salomon de Brosse, Francois Mansart and Jacques Lemercier. Their style was simple yet grand and generally consisted paintings and sculptures by artists of similar style. Biblical or mythological characters often dominated the artists’ canvases. Landscape, festivals, women were dominating subjects. Claudin Lorrain, Frederick Goodall, Jean Paul Laurens and Nicolas Poussin were few of the most influential painters of that period. Paintings like The rape of Sabine women or Sunrise are representative of that style.
The palace of Versailles had most influential sculptures which were imitated in most other European countries. France under King Louis XV and XVI marked as the golden age of French culture (World Monarchies and Dynasties, 2015). The changes, the transformations, the creations led the similar changes from United Kingdom to Spain to Russia. The royal academies in France and England dominated, decided and monopolized the public interest and art world of Europe till the 19th century.
The Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture. (2017). Culture.gouv.fr. Retrieved 27 July 2017, from https://www.culture.gouv.fr/lumiere/documents/files/academie_royale.html
XVI, L. (2015). HENRY IV* 1589-1610 LOUIS XIII 1610-1643 LOUIS XIV* 1643-1715 LOUIS XV* 1715-1774. World Monarchies and Dynasties. (2015). Retrieved 27 July 2017.
Rietbergen, P. (2014). Cardinal-Prime Ministers, ca. 1450-ca. 1750: careers between personal choices and cultural life scripts. Historical Social Research/Historische Sozialforschung, 48-75.