The main aim of the article, “The resource- based vied of the firm in two environments: The Hollywood Film Studios from 1936 to 1936” by Danny Miller, has focused upon operationally defining and testing the view based on resource for the organization in studying the major film studios of United States from the year 1936 to the year 1965. This article contributed in concluding that resources based on property as exclusive contracts on long term basis with theatres and stars had helped bringing stability in financial performance, specifically between the years 1936 to the year 1950.
As a contradicting point, resources based on knowledge as coordinative and production budgets and talent contributed in boosting the performance of finance in environment of post- television filled with uncertainty, changes and unpredictability (Miller, 1996). This environment remained between the years of 1951 to the year 1965. With an interest to test and advance how the view based on resource can be applied, this particular research has contributed in developing the difference between resources based on knowledge and resources based on property. The author has argued that resources based on property contributes in bringing stability in predictable settings and performance (Miller, 1996).
On the other hand, it has been stated that resources based on knowledge can be used greatly in case of uncertain situations where there is unpredictable and changing environment. However, in this particular article, an attempt is made in moving towards a theory based on resource from description to predictions that can be tested from just a view based on resource (Miller, 1996). A view is referred to as a product related to evocative description, but on the other hand, theory holds the demand to formulate propositions that are falsifiable. In addition to this, this article has discussed and focused on different types of resources based on different types of knowledge.
One such article, focusing on the concept of resource- based view, Danny Miller made a major contribution by presenting a different rather related article named, “An asymmetry-based view of advantage: Towards an attainable sustainability” (2003) that had been published in the Journal of Strategic Management, 24. This had also made a major contribution in critiquing and evaluating the resource based view that resulted in having a better understanding. However, the citation of this article can be found in a number of different articles by other researchers.
For conducting the research sampling has been done of seven major film studios from Hollywood based on the eras of history, between the years 1936 to the year 1965. The studies that have been chosen include Columbia, Universal, United Artists, Paramount, Warner Brothers, Twentieth Century- Fox and MGM. The study focused on encompassing two different periods, one that was of challenging uncertainty that occurred between the years of 1951 to 1965, and the other period was of stability that was between the years of 1936 to the year 1950 (Miller, 1996). Data related to profits and revenues for all studios had been gathered from the industrial manual by Moody along with the financial reports of the company.
The main aim of the article, “‘Engineering Humour’: Masculinity, Joking and Conflict in Shop-floor Relations” by David L. Collinson, has focused upon the organizational significance related to shop- floor humour along with specifically the relationship between resistance towards working class and identity of gender. The review on literature has briefly focused upon organizational humour that further examined in detail the illuminating analysis by Willis over counter- culture in shop floor or school.
Even though this particular research focuses on providing a strong base for the case that has been discussed in the article, criticism is faced with respect to the tendency for romanticizing the culture of working class along with the informal opposition and humour. According to the author, there is availability of extensive empirical evidence that highlights the pervasive feature related to joking relations in the businesses (Collinson, 1988).
The presence of horseplay and humour has been included in records with respect to hospitals, sites of building, coalmines, departmental stores, on a number of shop- floors at the industry and schools. This paper has provided an extensively detailed literature by examination of the interrelationship present with respect to masculinity and humour within the relations with the society related to work force on the shop floor consisting all males (Collinson, 1988). This article has not only contributed in highlighting the elements of collectiveness with respect to the joking culture, but also for exploring the divisions and contradictions that also contributed in characterizing the relations at the shop floor. Based on this research, it has been found that jokes resulted in maintaining an extremely conscious sense related to ideological support and sense of difference present in the world of ones (Collinson, 1988). For conducting this research, the factory of lorry production has been considered in order to have a better understanding related to the subject of this research.
There has been no such additional article presented by the author, Collinson related to this topic. However, as it is a unique and different research topic, it has been extremely helpful in being sighted on a number of articles presented by a number of researchers and has been helpful for the completion of a number of researches. The main focus of these researches in which this article had been cited were focused on the behaviour of workers and employees in the organization.
Primary and secondary methods of research has been considered by the author for the presentation of this article. It is important to note that the author has considered a number of different instances that could work as an example in the setting of this type of a research (Collinson, 1988). By crucially seeking answers from the manifest search of workers for securing an extremely masculine sense related to the identity, this article held the ability of highlighting a negative side related to the culture of shop- floor in the organizational sector. This seems to be underpinning and ultimately undermining the collectiveness and creative humour present in the factory.
Collinson, D. (1988). 'Engineering Humour': Masculinity, Joking and Conflict in Shop-floor Relations. Organizational Studies, 9(2), pp. 181-199.
Miller, D. (1996). The resource- based vied of the firm in two environments: The Hollywood Film Studios from 1936 to 1936. Academy of Management Journal, 39(3), pp. 519-543.
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