Population refers to the number of people in a particular geographical area. The rapid growth of it is still the biggest problem that is being faced by the humanity. The impact of population growth on the financial system of the nations is apparently straightforward. It is all about having sufficient resources in order to meet the necessities of the increasing number of people. As the same resources are been shared by every members of the community or society, each and every one is influenced by the growth and development and most of them are underprivileged of the access of the same resources. With the same, both the global and the domestic population growth is contributing to the conflicts over energy, water, transportation, infrastructure, foods etc. Also, in the developing countries like India, China, Tanzania etc., are causing poor health and poverty among the countrymen (Gerland et al. 2014). It is to note that the merits and the demerits of controlling the growth of population could be shown in the studies where the issues of population are very important component of the policy discussion on the economic and social development (Hugo, 2012). There is a high need of controlling this issue. As per different researchers and academicians, countries should develop several ways for lessening the future issue and it also falls under the duties of the government to take this matter into consideration. The following essay aims to argue on the various benefits of the governmental control over the growth in the population. This paper is going to elaborate on providing suitable reasons for why governments need to take measure for controlling the issue of population growth.
This essay would highlight the major reasons behind why governments should take actions in order to minimise the population growth and would shed light on the several factors and damages that it is doing to the environment and humanity. One of the biggest threats or challenges of the continued increasing population is that of loss of biodiversity and increase in environmental harmful activities such as deforestation, global warming and the limitations of natural resources and land. Urbanisation and the pressure on the agricultural sectors are the main cause of global warming and deforestation respectively. With the increase in population, there is increase in consumption as well. It also puts much pressure on the employment and income of the population (Little, 2012). Adding to this is the increasing toxicity in the environment because of huge amounts of chemical that have been released by different companies in absence of good scientific understanding of the long-term impacts. “The loss of forest cover is directly adding up to the climatic change as the forests contain huge amounts of stored carbon which returns to the atmospheres when tress are demolished” (Johansson et al. 2015). Hence, government should implement different population control measures in order to control the growing population in order to ensure sustainability and savings of the resources and environment.
Population growth has a detrimental effect on the environment which can lead to extreme deforestation, restrictions in natural resources and global warming. The government needs to control the population growth because it affects the daily needs of life such as food, water and natural resources. The increase in the population of the concerned countries tend to affect the various natural resources that are available within the territorial boundaries of the country (Begum et al., 2015). The increase in the population within the specific country or the specified region might result in the shortage and the limitations in the matters availability of the essential requirements for the sustenance of the human life within the area.
The increase in the population within the given area might lead to the conditions that depict the lowering of the availability of water, food and the other basic tenets required for the survival of the human life in the area. The growth in the urbanization has led to the conditions that involve the various higher degrees of pollution within the given area. This leads to the rise in the matters that are related to the global warming (Riccucci, 2018). The conditions of global warming on the other hand affects the conditions within the atmospheric cover of the earth.
The surge in the population might also lead on to the conditions wherein the resources for the energy are also found to be facing the limitations. These limitations might result in the conditions wherein there would be a lesser number of the energy resources that are available to the people who have been existing within the area (Waite et al., 2016). The lessening of the various energy resources might lead to the depletion of the natural resources that have been available to the mankind. The depletion of these resources would also lead to the faster degradation of the planet thereby leading to the perishing of the planet at an alarmingly faster rate (Neumann et al., 2015). The depletion of the natural resources within the given country might lead to the conditions wherein the concerned residents of the country might face a reduction of the supplies that are necessary for the survival of the individual within the concerned area.
The economy faces immense pressure on income, employment and consumerism with heightened population growth. The increase in the population within a concerned region might affect the economy of the area as well. The increase in the population would lead to the increment in the number of people who would seek jobs (America, 2018). This would result in the lowering of the per capita income of the people within the given country. The major reason behind the lowering of the per capita income is the fact that the source of the income of the governmental body remains static. The increase of the population within the given country might lead to the conditions wherein the government of the given country might find an increase in the costs that need to be incurred in order to maintain the proper administration within the given area. The increase in the population of the concerned area might also lead to the increase in the numbers of the unproductive consumers within the country.
The huge amount of the pressure on the agricultural sector to meet the needs of the growing population of the world. The population growth within the concerned territories tend to lead to the unrestrained nature of the consumption of the various resources that are available within the country. The number of the unproductive consumers within the area is known to be facing an increase due to the rise in the population within the area. The government might also face the troubles of the increase in of the burden of the several unproductive consumers within the concerned area (Coale & Hoover, 2015). The growth of the population within the concerned country might also lead to the rise in the unemployment in the concerned area. The increase in the unemployment within the area leads to the lowering of per capita income within the country.
Although there are many measures in place to sustain population growth without the harsh implementation of population control by the government, it has become necessary to take this action due to rapid environmental degradation and limitation of resources. The growth of the population within the country might also lead to the various issues within the country (Gilbert, 2001). The various religious issues within the country territories might be affected due to the surge in the growth of the population. The religious issues within the concerned country might face increments due to the increase in the population of the people belonging to a single religion.
The population surge within the country might also lead to the diversity issues that exist within the given country. The balance maintained within the diversity within an area might face issues due to the surge in the population within the concerned country (Barnosky, Ehrlich & Hadly, 2016). The concerned government might be advised to seek to define a balanced approach towards the control of the population growth within the given concern. The concerned government of the given country should implement the various measures that help in the control of the population growth within the country.
Thus, from the above discussion, it can be derived that the government should exercise control over the growth in the population within a given area. The growth in the urbanization has led to the conditions that involve the various higher degrees of pollution within the given area. The global warming affects the health of the planet Earth thereby risking the lives of the creatures within the atmospheric cover. The government might also face the troubles of the increase in of the burden of the several unproductive consumers within the concerned area. The growth of the population within the concerned country might also lead to the rise in the unemployment in the concerned area. The limitations faced by the government due to the increase in the population of the country might result in the conditions wherein there would be a lesser number of the energy resources that are available to the people who have been existing within the area. Thus, the government might implement the measures that aim to control the growth of the population within the given country.
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