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Assessment Of Financial Performance Of Starbucks During Fiscal Years 2005-2009 Add in library

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Question: What is your assessment of Starbucks financial performance during fiscal years 2005–2009?

Assessment of the financial performance of an organization is very important for both the internal as well as external stakeholders. The management of an organization analyzes its financial performance in order to understand present financial of the company. Additionally, the information obtained from the analysis is used for planning and controlling various business activities of the organization. In order to make right decisions for achieving the organizational goals, the analysis of the financial performance is essential. The external users creditors, debtors, investors, analysts and auditor also analyze the financial performance of an organization in order to understand the trend of the past performance as well as present financial position of the company. On the basis of the profitability and solvency of the company, the stakeholders will determine their position regarding relationship with the company. In this paper, the financial position of Starbucks is analyzed for five financial years between 2005 and 2009.

Financial statements of Starbucks are used for analyzing the financial position of the organization for the years 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2008 and 2009. Different ratios will be calculated to explain different aspects of the financial performance such as profitability, investment, liquidity etc. In this paper significant ratios of Starbucks are calculated for consecutive five years in order to assess the financial performance of the organization.

 

 
Ratio Analysis
Ratio analysis is a quantitative technique used for analyzing the financial statements of a company. In this method, relevant, information is collected from the financial statements: balance sheet, income statement and cash flow statement. Ratio analysis can be carried out if the profitability ratio, liquidity ratio, efficiency ratios are calculated (Epstein and Lee, 2011). In the following table, all the required ratios are calculated for the five years: 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009.
 

Values are in Million $

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Current Assets

1209.334

1529.788

1695.5

1748

2035.8

Current Liability

1423.431

1935.62

2155.6

2189.7

1581

Current ratio

0.849591

0.790335

0.786556

0.798283

1.287666

           

Current Assets

1209.334

1529.788

1695.5

1748

2035.8

Inventory

546.299

636.222

691.7

692.8

664.9

Current liabilities

1423.431

1935.62

2155.6

2189.7

1581

Acid Test Ratio

0.465801

0.461643

0.465671

0.481892

0.867109

           

Net Income

494.37

564.259

672.6

315.5

390.8

Shareholders' Equity

2090.262

2228.506

2284.1

2490.9

3045.7

Return on shareholders' equity

0.236511

0.253201

0.29447

0.126661

0.128312

           

Net Income

494.37

564.259

672.6

315.5

390.8

Total Assets

3513.693

4428.941

5343.9

5672.6

5576.8

Return on Total Assets

3513.693

4428.941

5343.9

5672.6

5576.8

           

Inventory

546.299

636.222

691.7

692.8

664.9

Cost of Goods Sold

2605.212

3178.731

3999.1

4645.3

4324.9

Inventory Turnover Ratio

76.53854

73.05463

63.13183

54.4361

56.11425

           

Accounts Receivable

190.762

224.271

287.9

329.5

271

Total Sales

6369.3

7786.9

9411.5

10383

9774.6

Accounts Receivable period

10.93183

10.51239

11.16544

11.58312

10.1196

           

Accounts Payable

220.975

340.937

390.8

324.9

267.1

Cost of Sales

2605.212

3178.731

3999.1

4645.3

4324.9

Accounts Payable Period

30.95943

39.14833

35.66853

25.52871

22.54191

           

Sales

6369.3

7786.9

9411.5

10383

9774.6

Total Assets

3513.693

4428.941

5343.9

5672.6

5576.8

Assets Turnover ratio

1.812708

1.758186

1.761167

1.830378

1.752726

           

Long term liabilities

196.435

264.815

904.2

922

950.1

Capital Employed

2090.262

2493.321

3188.3

3482.9

3995.8

Gearing Ratio

9%

11%

28%

26%

24%

           

EBIT

780.518

893.952

1053.9

503.9

562

interest

15.829

12.291

2.4

44.4

2.8

Interest Coverage Ratio

49.30937

72.73224

439.125

11.3491

200.7143

           

Gross Profit

3764.088

4608.151

5412.4

5737.7

5449.7

Sales Revenue

6369.3

7786.942

9411.5

10383

9774.6

Gross Profit Ratio

59%

59%

58%

55%

56%

           

Net Profit

494.37

564.259

672.6

315.5

390.8

Sales Revenue

6369.3

7786.942

9411.5

10383

9774.6

Net Profit Ratio

8%

7%

7%

3%

4%

           

EBIT

780.518

893.952

1053.9

503.9

562

Capital Employed

2090.262

2493.321

3188.3

3482.9

3995.8

Return on Capital Employed

37%

36%

33%

14%

14%

Strategic Recommendations for Sustainable Growth

In the above sections all relevant ratios have been calculated. Therefore, in this part, all the ratios will be analyzed in for making recommendations in order to improve the financial performance of the company in the competitive market.

 

 

Profitability Ratio

There are two profitability ratios which depicts the relationship between profit and revenue of the organization.

Gross Profit Ratio

The formula for calculating gross profit ratio is given below:

Gross Profit Ratio= (Gross profit of the FY/ Revenue of that FY) X 100

From the gross profit ratio it can be understood that how much profit is generated from one unit of turnover. It also implies how effectively Starbucks has managed the production cost and carried forward it to its customers. Greater gross profit ratio implies better financial position of the organization. The gross profit margin of Starbucks is declining from 2005 to 2009. In 2009 the gross profit improved a bit from the previous year (Bamber, Braun and Harrison, 2008).

gross profit

Net Profit Ratio

The formula for calculating net profit ratio is given below:

Net Profit Ratio = (Net profit/ Revenue) X100 From this ratio, the net profit generated form unit turnover can be calculated. The major implication of this ratio is it depicts how efficiently the company has been able to generate net income after considering the cost elements. It is observed that form 2005 the net profit margin had started to decline gradually and in 2009 it improved from the previous fiscal year 2008.
net profit

Efficiency Ratios

Efficiency ratios are calculated to explain how efficiently the organization has managed and used its resources. Efficiency ratio includes various ratios such as accounts receivable and payable ratio, asset turnover ratio and inventory turnover ratio.

 

 
Inventory Turnover Ratio

The formula for calculating inventory turnover ratio is:

Inventory Turnover Ratio = (Inventory / Cost of goods sold) X 365       

Inventory turnover ratio depicts how many times in a year the inventory has got completely sold and again replaced. The inventory turnover ratio for Starbucks has been calculated and it is seen that the ratio is decreasing gradually. It means the sales are increasing. High level of inventory turnover ratio is not expected as it has risk of holding obsolete goods. In Starbucks, most of the inventory is consisting of perishable goods, so high level of inventory turnover ratio is not desirable (Coombs, Hobbs and Jenkins, 2005).

Inventory Turnover

Asset Turnover Ratio

Formula for calculating asset turnover ratio is given below:

Asset Turnover Ratio= Revenue / Total Assets

Asset turnover ratio assists in analyzing how efficiently the organization has been using its assets in order to generate income. From the asset turnover ratio of Starbucks it is observed that in 2005, the asset turnover ratio was high but 2006 and 2007 it has declined. In 2008, the asset turnover ratio has been highest. But in 2009 the asset turnover ratio is significantly low which depicts that Starbucks has not been able to efficiently manage and use its asset (Davis and Davis, 2012).

Assets Turnover Ratio

Accounts receivable Turnover Ratio

The formula for estimating accounts receivable turnover ratio is given below:

Accounts Receivable Turnover = (Accounts receivables/ Total Sales) X 365

The accounts receivable turnover ratio is associated with the credit period of the oragnziation. If the accounts receivable turnover ratio is high it implies that most of the sales have been made on credit. The company allows sales at interest free credit period. But the low accounts receivable collection period is desired. In case of Starbucks, it is observed that the accounts receivable collection period was increasing from 005 to 2008 but in 2009 it has declined significantly. It has a positive implication for the company (Davis and Davis, 2012).

Account Receivable period

Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio

The formula for calculating accounts payable turnover ratio is given below:

Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio = (Accounts Payable/ Cost of Sales) *365

 

 

This ratio implies how much credit period is allowed from the suppliers to pay the money. If the accounts payable turnover period is high it means that the company is allowed more time to pay its financial obligations. It is observed that the accounts payable period is declining over the years. That means the suppliers are not allowing much credit period and most of the payment is made on cash. It is not a positive implication for the organization (Hansen and Mowen, 2000).

Account Payble Period

Liquidity Ratios

Liquidity ratios explain the liquidity position of the organization by analyzing how efficiently the company has managed its short term debt obligation for the given financial year. Two types of liquidity ratio are discussed in this section: current ratio and quick ratio or acid-test ratio.

Current Ratio

Current ratio can be calculated by the following formula:

Current Ratio = Current Asset / Current Liability

From this ratio the potential of the company to meet its short term liabilities is assessed. Basically, it reflects on how efficiently the company has been managing its operating cycle. The desired current ratio is greater than 1 which implies excellent financial position of the company. For, Starbucks it is observed that, the current ratio is improving gradually and in 2009 it has become greater than 1. It means that the company has the potential to meet all its short term debts and payables. It indicates that Starbucks is in a good financial position (Hart, Wilson and Fergus, 2008).

Current Ratio

Acid Test Ratio

In order to calculate the acid test ratio, the following formula can be used:

Acid Test Ratio= (Current Asset – Inventory)/ Current Liability

Acid test ratio or Quick ratio also estimates the potential of the company to meet its immediate obligations using its short term assets. But, inventory must not be sold. The desired acid test ratio is 1. In case of Starbucks, the acid test ratio is improving gradually (Neish and Banks, 2003).

Acid Test

Investment Ratios

Investment ratios are helpful in analyzing the financial performance of an organization in terms of utilizing the investment opportunities. Some investment ratios are calculated for Starbucks and discussed in this section.

Return on Shareholders’ Equity

It can be measured from the following formula:

Return on Shareholders’ Equity = [Profit after tax ( PAT)/ Equity Capital) X100

The objective of an organization is to maximize the wealth of its shareholders. The return on Shareholders’ equity helps to analyze how much return is generated for the shareholders. In case of Starbucks, it has been observed that the return on equity was increasing from 2005 to 2007. Then it started to decline. In 2009, the return on equity has improved slightly (Epstein and Lee, 2011).

Return on Capital Employed

With the help of the following formula, the return on employed capital can be calculated:

Return on Capital Employed = [Earnings Before Interest and Tax (EBIT) / Capital Employed] X 100

From this ratio it can be estimated how efficiently the capital has been utilizing by the organization. For Starbucks it has been observed that the organization has not been able to manage and utilize the capital effectively. The return on capital employed is declining continuously over the period (Coombs, Hobbs and Jenkins, 2005).

Return on Capital Employed

Return on Assets

It can be calculated from the following formula:

Return on Assets= [Profit after tax (PAT/ Total Assets]

It implies how effectively the organization is managing its asset and generating profit by utilizing its assets. It can be found that return on total asset has been decreasing from 2005 to 2008. In 2009, the return on assets has improved slightly (Neish and Banks, 2003).

Return on Total Assets

From the ratio analysis it can be recommended that:

  • Starbucks must focus on utilizing its assets effectively for generating revenue.
  • The net profit ratio is low as the operating costs are high. The operational activities must be improved in order to reduce cost.
  • It is good that the current ratio is high which implies current asset is significantly higher than the current liabilities. But it is also observed that most of the current asset is unutilized, which is also not desired.
  • In order to increase the accounts payable period, the organization must adopt a strategy in order to effectively negotiate with the suppliers.
  • Starbucks must focus o generating more return from the asset and capital employed. Thus the return on shareholders’ equity will enhance.

 

 

References

Bamber, L., Braun, K. and Harrison, W. (2008). Managerial accounting. 1st ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Coombs, H., Hobbs, D. and Jenkins, D. (2005). Management accounting. 1st ed. London: SAGE Publications.

Davis, C. and Davis, E. (2012). Managerial accounting. 1st ed. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons.

Epstein, M. and Lee, J. (2011). Advances in management accounting. 1st ed. Bingley, UK: Emerald.

Hansen, D. and Mowen, M. (2000). Management accounting. 1st ed. Cincinnati: South-Western College Pub.

Hart, J., Wilson, C. and Fergus, C. (2008). Management accounting. 1st ed. Frenchs Forest, N.S.W.: Pearson Education Australia.

https://library.corporate-ir.net, (2006). Starbucks Corporation.

https://media.corporate-ir.net, (2007). Starbucks Corporation.

https://media.corporate-ir.net, (2009). Starbucks Corporation.

Neish, W. and Banks, A. (2003). Management accounting. 1st ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill.

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