$20 Bonus + 25% OFF
Securing Higher Grades Costing Your Pocket? Book Your Assignment at The Lowest Price Now!

Autism Spectrum Disorder Or Common Behavioural

tag 0 Download8 Pages / 1,935 Words tag Add in library Click this icon and make it bookmark in your library to refer it later. GOT IT


Discuss about the Autism Spectrum Disorder.


Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder associated with language and cognitive problem like impaired social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech impairment and challenges in non-verbal communication. The different range of problems under ASD is caused by genetic and environmental influences. The symptoms of autism can be detected between 2 and 3 years. It is necessary to screen and diagnose early to provide necessary intervention to children as soon as possible (Lord et al., 2013). The essay provides an overview of the epidemiology of the developmental disability, common challenges associated with the disorder and known and hypothesized cause of ASD. It particularly describes one therapeutic approach needed to address the disorder and evaluates the effectiveness of the approach by means of critical appraisal of two research articles on the therapeutic approach.

In terms of the epidemiology of the ASD in Canada, it is the fastest growing neurological disorder in the country and one in every sixty eight children are currently being diagnosed with ASD. The prevalence of the disease has increased considerably in the last 10 years. The disorder is common in all groups and it is 4 times more common in males than in females (Autism Speaks Canada, 2017). The common characteristics of ASD include difficulties in social interaction, communication, behavior and sensory response. Unusual behavior is seen mainly due to the difficulties in responding to the environment or heightened sensitivity to any stimulus. This leads to unusual behavioral symptoms like repetitive body movement (example-hand flapping), repetitively using certain objects, strictly sticking to same routines, strange sensory interest and avoidance of everyday sounds and certain textures (Harms et al., 2010). The challenges in social interaction is seen as people with ASD fail to maintain relationship and respond to non-verbal forms of communication such as facial expressions, emotions and physical gestures. They fail to interpret needs of others and this impairs their ability enjoy and share interest with others. Another challenging symptoms affected people with autism include delay in language development, initiating and sustaining conversation and repeatedly using certain words or phrases. The degree of speech impairment varies from person to person and those who can speak uses language in unusual ways (Christensen, 2016).

The above mentioned challenges in behavioral and social response is seen in people with ASD as a result of genetic predisposition, environmental factors and other unknown factors. The research into the cause of autism reveals inheriting certain genes from parents makes a child more vulnerable to developing ASD (Lichtenstein et al., 2010). Secondly, along with genetic vulnerability to ASD, the risk of developing the condition increases when a person is exposed to specific environmental triggers such as air pollution, heavy metal, born prematurely or exposed in the womb to alcohol and certain medications (Herbert 2010). Other clinical conditions also increases the risk of developing ASD such as muscular dystrophy, Down’s syndrome, cerebral palsy and certain rare genetic disorders (Lichtenstein et al., 2010).

ASD is a persistent neuro-developmental disorder leading to mild to severe symptoms ad intra-individual variability over time and different context. The neurodevelopmental disorder also leads to poor intellectual functioning and maladaptive behavior in affected person. Co-occurring mental disorder seen in people with autism includes anxiety disorder, depression and attention deficit disorder. They are found to have symptoms of anxiety, mental distress and nervousness. Hence, high level of co-occurring psychiatric problem and emotional disorder is high in patients with ASD and there remains a conceptual challenges in diagnosing and measuring the the problem. In order to treat such mental health disorder, medications or behavioral therapy is needed to control their behavior and reduce the chance of worsening the symptoms (Ozsivadjian, Hibberd, & Hollocks, 2014). The research into common behavioral problems seen in children with ASD revealed high rate of sleep, toileting and eating diificulty, self-injury and sensory related problems. Along with this, frequency of anxiety and aggression is seen irrespective of age and ability of children (Maskey et al., 2013). Intellectual disability is seen in almost 50% of children with ASD, which is associated with behavioral and mental problems. There is a need to observe the function of mental health services and see how they are involved in addressing the characteristics of poor physical functioning, present symptoms and psychosocial problem in affected person (Salomone et al., 2014).


Approach to treating the disorder

There are many treatment options for addressing behavioral or mental problem in patients with ASD. To address behavioral problems such as develop children’s communication and social skills, behavioral interventions may help to reduce the severity of symptoms. There are many behavioral therapies for treating children with ASD. This may include Applied Behavior Analysis and Pivotal Response Training (Bishop-Fitzpatrick, Minshew, & Eack, 2014). Another important and powerful approach to treating children and adults with ASD is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). CBT is a behavioral intervention based on the science of behavior and it takes into account the thought and feelings about people that result in usual behavior in an individual. It is a structure goal-directed approach based on specific plan and sessions for affected individual. It is particularly used to treat clinical manifestations of anxiety and cognitive impairment in people with ASD. The anxiety level is high due to poor response to social interaction and social situations. Although the intervention is not specifically for ASD population, however it is increasingly being used now to improve depressive symptoms, social skills and activity level in ASD people (Weitlauf et al., 2014).

A research by Storch et al., (2013) evaluated the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy for addressing anxiety in children with ASD compared to normal treatment. It was a randomized controlled trial in which 45 children (between 7 and 11 years) with high ASD severity were  randomized to receive either the CBT or normal treatment for similar period of time. This study was considered important because of the lack of empirically supported interventions for treating anxiety in people with ASD. There are many studies done on the efficacy of psychosocial and pharmacological interventions, however treatment approaches for addressing anxiety has not been addressed in research studies. There is practice recommendation to use CBT in developing children, hence the aim of the research was to evaluate whether CBT can lead too reductions in AST symptoms compared to normal treatment options. The Pediatric Anxiety Rating Scale (PARS) was used to measure the degree of impairment or distress in patient and 11 session of CBT was provided to develop coping skills and treat feared stimuli in participant. The 3-months follow-up of continuous outcome in both group revealed positive results for CBT compared to normal treatment in all outcome measures. However, some of the weakness seen in the study is the use of modest sample size and lack of evaluation of treatment mediators and moderators. Secondly, the time constraints in research may lead to insufficient evaluation of long-term treatment maintenance. Despite the limitation, the study finding is important as it highlights the efficacy of CBT. Hence, CBT can be developed for ASD group considering that there is no pharmacological treatments have met the criteria for efficacy.

Another research study evaluated the efficacy of Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention (EIBI) for young children with autism. EIBI utilizes the principal of operant learning to address language and social interaction skills deficits in children with ASD. As mixed outcome has been reported for this intervention in ASD population and there efficacy of the intervention was not clear for all outcome measures. Hence, this study is important as it evaluates the outcome of the intervention in all aspects such as verbal performance, intellectual development and adaptive behavior in ASD people. The systematic review of outcome seen after EIBI program revealed that the participants receiving EIBI intervention outperformed control group in all levels. Improvement was seen in EIBI groups in verbal IQs, expressive language, daily living skills, socialization skills, adaptive behavior skills and communication skills (Peters-Scheffer et al., 2011). Therefore, the study contribute to the limitations found in other studies and effectively demonstrates the efficacy of the intervention in all outcome measures of ASD. However, some limitation found in the meta-analysis is that considerable was seen in the intensity of treatment and participants group. Hence, in order to enhance the rigor of the study, it is necessary that future studies concentrate on child characteristics at the start of treatment to related it to treatment outcome.

The essay summarized the epidemiology of ASD in Canada as well as globally. Certain genetic and environmental risk factors are associated with great behavioral, mental and social problem in people with ASD. In order to enhance the ability of children and adults in living with ASD, development of cognitive skills, adaptive behavior and communication skill is necessary. Apart from pharmacological intervention, different types of behavioral interventions and therapy have the potential to develop coping skills of ASD patients and promote development of skills to better manage their developmental disorder and disability. In future, potential behavioral intervention may be strengthened as by means of planning strategies needed to improve outcome in people with varying degree of severe symptoms. This will help promote integrity of treatment and promote cognitive development of people with ASD.



Autism Speaks Canada. (2017). Retrieved 5 April 2017, from

Bishop-Fitzpatrick, L., Minshew, N. J., & Eack, S. M. (2014). A systematic review of psychosocial interventions for adults with autism spectrum disorders. In Adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorders (pp. 315-327). Springer New York.

Christensen, D. L. (2016). Prevalence and characteristics of autism spectrum disorder among children aged 8 years—autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 11 sites, United States, 2012. MMWR. Surveillance Summaries, 65.

Harms, M. B., Martin, A., & Wallace, G. L. (2010). Facial emotion recognition in autism spectrum disorders: a review of behavioral and neuroimaging studies. Neuropsychology review, 20(3), 290-322.

Herbert, M. R. (2010). Contributions of the environment and environmentally vulnerable physiology to autism spectrum disorders. Current opinion in neurology, 23(2), 103-110.

Lichtenstein, P., Carlström, E., Råstam, M., Gillberg, C., & Anckarsäter, H. (2010). The genetics of autism spectrum disorders and related neuropsychiatric disorders in childhood. American Journal of Psychiatry, 167(11), 1357-1363.

Lord, C., Cook, E. H., Leventhal, B. L., & Amaral, D. G. (2013). Autism spectrum disorders. Autism: The Science of Mental Health, 28(2), 217.

Maskey, M., Warnell, F., Parr, J. R., Le Couteur, A., & McConachie, H. (2013). Emotional and behavioural problems in children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 43(4), 851-859.

Ozsivadjian, A., Hibberd, C., & Hollocks, M. J. (2014). Brief report: the use of self-report measures in young people with autism spectrum disorder to access symptoms of anxiety, depression and negative thoughts. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44(4), 969-974.

Peters-Scheffer, N., Didden, R., Korzilius, H., & Sturmey, P. (2011). A meta-analytic study on the effectiveness of comprehensive ABA-based early intervention programs for children with autism spectrum disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5(1), 60-69.

Salomone, E., Kutlu, B., Derbyshire, K., McCloy, C., Hastings, R. P., Howlin, P., & Charman, T. (2014). Emotional and behavioural problems in children and young people with autism spectrum disorder in specialist autism schools. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 8(6), 661-668.

Storch, E. A., Arnold, E. B., Lewin, A. B., Nadeau, J. M., Jones, A. M., De Nadai, A. S., ... & Murphy, T. K. (2013). The effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy versus treatment as usual for anxiety in children with autism spectrum disorders: a randomized, controlled trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 52(2), 132-142.

Weitlauf, A. S., McPheeters, M. L., Peters, B., Sathe, N., Travis, R., Aiello, R., ... & Warren, Z. (2014). Therapies for children with autism spectrum disorder.

Download Sample

Get 100% money back after download, simply upload your unique content* of similar no. of pages or more. We verify your content and once successfully verified 100% value credited to your wallet within 7 days.

Upload Unique Document

Document Under Evaluation

Get Credits into Your Wallet

*The content must not be available online or in our existing Database to qualify as unique.

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:

My Assignment Help. (2018). Autism Spectrum Disorder Or Common Behavioural. Retrieved from

"Autism Spectrum Disorder Or Common Behavioural." My Assignment Help, 2018,

My Assignment Help (2018) Autism Spectrum Disorder Or Common Behavioural [Online]. Available from:
[Accessed 02 July 2020].

My Assignment Help. 'Autism Spectrum Disorder Or Common Behavioural' (My Assignment Help, 2018) <> accessed 02 July 2020.

My Assignment Help. Autism Spectrum Disorder Or Common Behavioural [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2018 [cited 02 July 2020]. Available from: is the perfect solution to render quality solution for all sort of academic issues. We have hired professionals from different fields of study to provide assistance with different subjects. We successfully have provided different types of assignment solutions on 100+ subjects. We have hired industry experts to deliver nursing assignment, hr assignment and finance assignment help. To offer quality content with IT assignments, we have hired IT professionals to render programming language assignment help and IT assignment help for other types of IT assignments as well.

Latest Healthcare Samples

PHE3EPI Epidemiology For Public Health

Download : 0 | Pages : 4
  • Course Code: PHE3EPI
  • University: La Trobe University
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Research question: The research question is “What are the causes of the transmission of Buruli ulcer”? Thus, the research aims at investigating the causes of the transmission of the infection, which is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium ulcerans. Study design: The study design chosen for this research is a case controlled study. This is because a case-control analysis is intended to assist in evaluating whether an ...

Read More arrow Tags: Australia Bundoora Epidemiology For Public Health La Trobe University 

NURS5012 Assessment And Clinical Judgement

Download : 0 | Pages : 16
  • Course Code: NURS5012
  • University: The University Of Sydney
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Response to part a Identifying data Name: Julie Thomas Date of Birth: 20th January 1972 Julie Thomas is stated as a middle-aged lady (48 years old) living in the suburban parts of Sydney. b) The patient’s presenting problem In this case, the nurse started with a thorough and complete and comprehensive biopsychosocial assessment of the patient whose name is Julie Thomas. In the interviewing process, the assessment b...

Read More arrow Tags: Australia 42 Assessment and Clinical Judgement The University Of Sydney 

NUR342 Evidence Based Health Research And Practice

Download : 0 | Pages : 3
  • Course Code: NUR342
  • University: Charles Darwin University
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Hello, your assessment is quite informative since it highlights a universal remedy that can lower disparity in the ICU setting.   Honestly, I am enlightened by how you have expressed your ideas. Please check out my reply below. I chose to reply to your post on how to minimize infections using disinfectants in a hospital setting. The health outcome is in the intensive care unit of a hospital in Australia (Allen et al., 2018)....

Read More arrow Tags: Australia Darwin 42 Evidence Based Health Research and Practice Charles Darwin University 

10032 Radiographic Imaging Capstone

Download : 0 | Pages : 24
  • Course Code: 10032
  • University: University Of Canberra
  • Country: Australia

Answer: A Systematic review On Effectiveness of MRI and Ultrasound Scan Methods of Cancers in Dense Breast Tissue Introduction  Radiographical imaging of dense breast represents a diagnostic challenge among radiologists. Breast cancer has a high chance of missed assessment in dense breast compared to radiologically fatty breasts (MacInnes et al., 2020). Lowered visibility and lesions to the missed dense breasts tissues and increased...

Read More arrow Tags: Australia 41 Radiographic Imaging Capstone University Of Canberra 

DTN201 Nutrition Fundamentals

Download : 0 | Pages : 8
  • Course Code: DTN201
  • University: La Trobe University
  • Country: Australia

Answer: Introduction The cardiovascular system or the circulatory system of the human body is responsible for the circulation of the body fluids mainly the blood in the different parts of the body and it is stated that the system is important for the maintenance of the bodily homeostasis. Therefore, it is stated that this cardiovascular system is mainly composed of heart, blood vessels that are mainly arteries, vein and capillaries. The circu...

Read More arrow Tags: Australia 42 Nutrition Fundamentals La Trobe University 

Save Time & improve Grade

Just share Requriment and get customize Solution.

We will use e-mail only for:

arrow Communication regarding your orders

arrow To send you invoices, and other billing info

arrow To provide you with information of offers and other benefits




Overall Rating



Our Amazing Features


On Time Delivery

Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.


Plagiarism Free Work

Using reliable plagiarism detection software, only provide customized 100 percent original papers.


24 X 7 Live Help

Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat.


Services For All Subjects

Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.


Best Price Guarantee

Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.

Our Experts

Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 4/5

248 Order Completed

100% Response Time

Lloyd Bernabe

MSc in Accounting

London, United Kingdom

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 4/5

3076 Order Completed

99% Response Time

Emily Wei

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) in Civil Engineering

Singapore, Singapore

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

2279 Order Completed

97% Response Time

Zachary Perez

PhD in Computer Science and Information System

Washington, United States

Hire Me
Assignment writing guide
student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating 5/5

1265 Order Completed

97% Response Time

James Cook

Masters in Management

Wellington, New Zealand

Hire Me

FREE Tools


Plagiarism Checker

Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.


Essay Typer

Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.


GPA Calculator

Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.


Chemical Equation Balancer

Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.


Word Counter & Page Calculator

Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.

Refer Just 5 Friends to Earn More than $2000

Check your estimated earning as per your ability




Your Approx Earning

Live Review

Our Mission Client Satisfaction

Work clearly captured the differences and benefits of various forecasting methods. I made the right decision for help!


User Id: 383727 - 02 Jul 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

at first i got the assignment in different company's name which was supposed to be Bearena pty ltd...i told them about this one and today i have received the same assignment, they have just change the company's is same...not a even single ...


User Id: 410147 - 02 Jul 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Great work, I appreciate such an excellent work. Great APA format and references. I will recommend you to my friends.


User Id: 400631 - 02 Jul 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating

Was on time .save by the bell.thank you so much.all exams was done. You guys are the best


User Id: 260883 - 02 Jul 2020


student rating student rating student rating student rating student rating
callback request mobile
Have any Query?