Fake news is a major propaganda tool used online today. Evidenced in the 2016 US national elections social media was a major tool of accusations and counter attacks. An online survey on the effectiveness of web browsing data as a news source reveals that 14% of Americans rely on the importance of social media as news. The viral effect of information presented online makes it an appropriate platform for spreading information to millions of people (Flaxman, Goel, & Rao, 2016). This research discovered that Trump maximised on ideologically segregated social media by sharing fake news 24 million times more than Clinton’s number of shares.
The Journal of Economic Perspective (JEP) bridges the gap between press media and academic journals. It is a synthesis of economic research in public policy, ideological thoughts, and economic issues. Hunt Allcot works as Associate Professor of Economics in the New York University in New York. Gentzkow is an Economics Professor at Stanford University in California. These are research associates with the National Bureau of Economic Research in Massachusetts, Cambridge. The paper presents figures of graphs and charts showing fake news trends over the years unveiling the Gentzkow & Allcott (2017) model of Fake news. The research uses more than 70 references in the post 2000 years.
The source contains crucial researched information from secondary data on fake news. It contains strong evidence for a multidisciplinary approach to fake news. It also highlights the effectiveness of fake news in campaign strategies while pointing at its importance. From the findings, it is clear that the consumption of fake news is high and its demand poses questions of credibility and consumer protection from misconceptions.
Mike Dice raises questions about fake news and its existence online. He points out that the process of creating fake news, real world effects and its unstoppable wave. The book highlights the threat that fake news poses for mainstream media and how major channels are using fake news to draw consumer’s attention. The analysis draws attention to the power of deceptive manipulation beyond social media. He considers its manipulation on Google, in organizations, politics and its use in popular technology companies.
Media analyst Mark Dice is an author whose style leans towards the mainstream media and its role in shaping society. Having written 11 books, he is a strong authority in the subject. His interest in controversial topics shows a courageous analyst who does not fear to delve into the unusual saga featured in online news (Hobbs, 2017). He owns a popular YouTube channel with millions of viewers. The popularity of his videos give him a platform on top news channels like Fox News, CNN, and New York Times. He receives recognition on TV shows too and it unfolds the reality about how website and everything on deformation, scandals and fake news.
The use of hundreds of footnote references gives the book credibility because of its deep research. The book has 23 sections enriched with information, analysis on fake news in other web links, besides social media. It identifies fake news as a powerful tool that media owners can use instead of critiquing it. The book cites media links, court cases, articles, and books
Despite its accessibility, the internet lacks credibility as a news channel. It has come under criticism over the years because of its high record of fake news. Filled with deceptions internet news has uncertainties. A list of some of the popular fake news highlights interesting news ideas designed to capture the attention of the reader. Four truths about this kind of information unveils its use of ideologies such as capitalism spread via strategies like the entertainment. Based on amoral principles fake news has no integrity, and lacks consumer trust.
J-Stor Digital Website is a digital website with academic and current issues. With more than 2000 journals, it serves more than 8000 institutions across the globe. Alexandra Juhasz heads the Brooklyn College Film Department. A media practitioner, Alexandra’s contributions is in community, personal and political change. Her works include books, videos and documentaries. “Four Hard Truths about Fake News” provides quality content with credible and uses images from quality links like Flickr to highlight the message (Kanellos, Iftene, Lupu, Popescu, & Ginsca, 2015). It covers critical areas of Fake News to provide digital literacy but leaves out solutions that shape consumer trust.
This website is a connection between an academic inquiry about the subject and the media production. Written for professionals and scholars the author has a strong background in media and scholarly works in media. With more than 20 years’ experience, the author has a background in traditional and digital media.
The use of fake news is a strategy that websites or individuals use to influence online traffic. Online consumers are quick to follow scandalous information. The old media strategy on (Walsh, 2015). Business organizations use social media data analytics for media marketing. Social media strategies are effective in making money and the performance of tweets increases sales and sparks conversations about products and services. Fake news becomes useful in enhancing conversations however, high quality content is necessary for credibility.
How will your annotated sources support the discussion of the paradigm in the essay? Suggest an outline with one point proposed for each paragraph of the essay.
Tavlin (2012) gives a video presentation on social media sites in enhancing the professional image stating that global news today comes from news networks. This information is viral hence ideal for circulation.
Austin, Fisher, & Jin (2012) explores how consumers search for information online. The social-mediated communication ( SMCC) approach points at crisis information and how friends and family source for information
Conroy, Rubin, & Chen (2015) research about technology as an instrument of deception and the emergence of fake news. This article analyses data mechanisms for detecting fake news and through network approaches.
Do you think you will need to look for any additional research sources?
Further research from the schools database may be necessary in order to include challenges faced in detecting and overcoming fake news.
What preliminary ideas do you have for the design of the Poster in terms of layout, colour and images? List three (3) ideas.
-I will focus on the important details to summarise the importance of the information and existing research gaps
-I will use vivid images with colour and text creativity
-I will incorporate the latest data findings for objectivity
Kanellos, I., Iftene, A., Lupu, M., Popescu, A., & Ginsca, A. L. (2015). Evaluating User Image Tagging Credibility. International Conference of the Cross-Language Evaluation Forum for European Languages. Lecture Notes in Computer Science.
Tavlin, N. (2012, August 2015). How false news can spread. Retrieved from YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cSKGa_7XJkg
Austin, L., Fisher, L., & Jin, Y. (2012). How audiences seek out crisis information: Exploring the social-mediated crisis communication model. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 40(2), 188-207.
Conroy, N. J., Rubin, V. L., & Chen, Y. (2015). Automatic deception detection: Methods for finding fake news. Proceedings of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 1, pp. 1-4. 52.
Bennett, L. (2016, November 30). Four Hard Truths About Fake News. Retrieved from Jstor Daily: https://daily.jstor.org/four-hard-truths-about-fake-news/
Dice, M. (2017). The true story of fake news: How mainstream media manipulates millions. The Resistance Manifesto.