The passage centres round the character of Bertha Mason, the first wife of Mr. Rochester in Jane Eyre. It is a novel by the English writer Charlotte Bronte. The novel was first published on 16 October 1847, by Smith, Elder & Co. of London, England, under the pen name "Currer Bell".
At Thornfield, Mr. Rocehster, Mr. Mason and Jane climbed up the third story and Jane comes to know that Bertha had bit and stabbed her brother in that room. He lifted a tapestry for unrevealing a door. In that room she finds Bertha Mason and her carer Grace Poole. Bertha tries to strangle her husband. In this novel she is an abused wife roughly interpreted as the mad woman in the attic (Pike 261). Years of confinement has contributed to her mental illness and increasing violence. Her insane and violet behaviour has become frightening to tolerate. She behaves like a beast crawling on her limbs and snarling like a monster (Wootton 25). She was imprisoned in the attic room for long 10 years under the control of a hired nurse, Grace Poole. Bertha’s first introduction with Jane was described as, “it snatched and growled like some strange wild animal: but it was covered with clothing, and a quantity of dark, grizzled hair, wild as a mane, hid its head and face.”
The setting plays an important role in the novel. The attic room described in the novel is a prison for Bertha where she has spent a long ten years of isolation, taken advantage of Poole’s absence and harm others in the house (Pietrzak-Franger 268). The entry to the room is secretive. The door is black and low which is opened by a master key. The secrecy of the room records the shame associated with a mad wife from the perspective of Mr. Rochester (Giles 80). The room is tapestried, has a great bed along with a pictorial cabinet. This represents a typical Victorian room and does not match with the violent character of Bertha. Immediately after this picture, the reader come across a warning that reminds Mr. Mason of a memory of violence. The attic room had no window which clearly reveals that the human living there is not recognised as a human being. In the room fire is guarded also. Grace Poole is found to be cooking for Bertha. This denotes a complete separation from the outer world where, the food is also cooked inside the room. Complete desolation in the attic reminds the readers of the Red Room where Jane herself used to feel like a ‘mad cat’ (Pietrzak-Franger 271). The mad woman is not referred to as woman at first but referred to a “clothed hyena” that “rose up and stood tall on its hind-feet”. Just like a master of a wild beast in the zoo, Rochester pacifies violent Bertha and binds her with a cord in a chair then turns to the spectator with a smile of satisfaction (Owsley 56). It is the satisfaction of winning of a powerful over a powerless.
The gothic paraphernalia can be seen in the secret attic that is prison like immediately reminds Jane of the Red Room in her childhood where her uncle died. The dark red colour of the room gave it a feeling of horror and death (Spivak 75). The attic room also described having the same feeling of nugatory from where strange sounds can be heard. The supernatural incidents that Jane had imagined adds gothic elements to the novel. In this novel, the threat associated with the room expresses the existence of Bertha as the alter ego of the protagonist Jane Eyre. Both the women are victims of the actions of their respective families (Kapurch 167). Jane was tortured for being an orphan and Bertha due to her genetic disease. Jane was hated for her orphan background and Bertha was pressurised by her family to marry Rochester who had no idea of her mental illness. Her madness is gift of her family and her brother Richard Mason’s profit motifs resulted her failed married life (Kapurch 167). This supressed anger to her brother led Bertha to stab him brutally. She loves her husband though he tortures and she cannot accept her husband’s second marriage. He cannot accept the fact that Rochester will be of another woman’s belonging therefore she harms both Jane and Rochester (Wootton 25). Just as Jane expressed her frustration by leaving Rochester knowing that he has married before similarly the ‘mad woman’ reacted but her expression was violent.
The phrase, ‘madwoman in the attic’ was first used by Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar that exactly in tune with the description of the beasty and violent Bertha imprisoned and hidden in the Attic. The syntax as well as style of the sentences have been uber-complex. The phrases and clauses are interwoven elaborately, but manage to be balanced as well as exact. Through the language, Charlotte Bronte has heightened the interest and added the philosophical as well as emotional tensions of the attic episode (Hope 66). The beastly exposure of Bertha has become the dark secret of the lives of the people living in Thornfield hall. The mystery surrounded her appearance has become the core source of suspense.
The incident of contradiction between jane Eyre and Bertha is most probably the most famous episode in the novel. This particular episode has given rise of any interpretations. Bertha is the representation of Victorian failed marriage. Her husband claims that she is a mad woman therefore needs to be imprisoned. To the researchers, it can be a cause effect relation in which, several years of imprisonment as well as isolation has made her insane and violent. It discloses the repressive aspect of the Victorian wifehood that suggest the lack of freedom in the conjugal life can result to suffocation, harmful for their psychological health. Therefore, from the above analysis it can be concluded that the setting, language and foreshadowing have successfully added the gothic elements into the novel.
Giles, Heidi. "Resolving the Institution of Marriage in Eighteenth-Century Courtship Novels." Rocky Mountain Review of Language and Literature 66.1 (2012): 76-82.
Hope, Trevor. "Revisiting the Imperial Archive: Jane Eyre, Wide Sargasso Sea, and the Decomposition of Englishness." College Literature 39.1 (2012): 51-73.
Kapurch, Katie. "" Unconditionally and Irrevocably": Theorizing the Melodramatic Impulse in Young Adult Literature through the Twilight Saga and Jane Eyre." Children's Literature Association Quarterly 37.2 (2012): 164-187.
Owsley, Lauren. "Charlotte Brontë’s Circumvention of Patriarchy: Gender, Labour and Financial Agency in Jane Eyre." Brontë Studies 38.1 (2013): 54-65.
Pietrzak-Franger, Monika. "Adapting Victorian novels: the poetics of glass in Jane Eyre and Wuthering Heights." Adaptation 5.2 (2012): 268-273.
Pike, Judith E. "ROCHESTER'S BRONZE SCRAG AND PEARL NECKLACE: BRONZED MASCULINITY IN JANE EYRE, SHIRLEY, AND CHARLOTTE BRONTË’S JUVENILIA." Victorian Literature and Culture 41.2 (2013): 261-281.
Spivak, Gayatri C. "Critique of Imperialism”." Postcolonial Criticism (2014): 145.
Wootton, Sarah. "Introduction." Byronic Heroes in Nineteenth-Century Women’s Writing and Screen Adaptation. Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016. 1-29.
To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below:
My Assignment Help. (2018). Bertha Mason In Jane Eyre: College Literature . Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/bertha-mason-in-jane-eyre-college-literature.
"Bertha Mason In Jane Eyre: College Literature ." My Assignment Help, 2018, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/bertha-mason-in-jane-eyre-college-literature.
My Assignment Help (2018) Bertha Mason In Jane Eyre: College Literature [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/bertha-mason-in-jane-eyre-college-literature
[Accessed 22 January 2020].
My Assignment Help. 'Bertha Mason In Jane Eyre: College Literature ' (My Assignment Help, 2018) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/bertha-mason-in-jane-eyre-college-literature> accessed 22 January 2020.
My Assignment Help. Bertha Mason In Jane Eyre: College Literature [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2018 [cited 22 January 2020]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/bertha-mason-in-jane-eyre-college-literature.
MyAssignmenthelp.com has appointed best assignment experts who are wizards of words. Our writers know every trick of crafting high quality write-ups within a short period. With years of experiences, we have become one of the most prolific assignment help services in the USA. We deliver custom-made help to students with writing different types of assignments. We guarantee total need-based and timely service, and this is why increasing numbers of students prefer to buy assignment online.
Answer: Introduction The report presented has in-depth analysis and briefing on the project for Precision Engineering work Pvt Ltd along with all the improvement suggested. Its main area of expertise the telecommunications industry and it holds reputation in that field. This company has served the related industry along with its many customers for many years. But, because of many new competition in the field, their business has taken a back s...Read More
Answer: Introduction The report is undertaken to present a critical evaluation of an article highlighting the issues related with the downfall of Enron entitled as ‘The Fall of Enron’. The report has examined the issues specifically in relation to the use of mark-to-mark accounting approach, special purpose entities ad sue of employee stock options compensation scheme by Enron to manipulate its financial results and deliver high p...Read More
Answer: Part A Management accounting and financial accounting are two aspects of accounting which can be seen in the day to day activities of finance. Where financial accounting deals with the reporting and accounting of the financial information in compliance of the accounting standards, laws and other regulations, the management accounting has more to do with the cost management and accounting, planning and cost control measures (Hemin...Read More
Answer: Introduction Accor group of hotels is an international brand operating in more than 100 countries with a total room strength of around 4000 rooms. Based in France this group has a diversified portfolio to cater to the needs of “Luxury hotel accommodations” and “Budget hotel accommodations (Sturman, 2018).” In order to maintain a variety in its offering, with a passage of time the Accor group has floated m...Read More
Answer: Introduction: Amazon is a behemoth e-commerce platform which offers millions of products and services in more than 188 countries across the globe. Along with this, organization also offers international shopping for certain products in those countries where company is not yet present. With 12 registered offices in different countries, organization has marked its presence as the largest e-commerce platform across the globe in terms of ...Read More
Just share your requirements and get customized solutions on time.
Our writers make sure that all orders are submitted, prior to the deadline.
Using reliable plagiarism detection software, Turnitin.com.We only provide customized 100 percent original papers.
Feel free to contact our assignment writing services any time via phone, email or live chat.
Our writers can provide you professional writing assistance on any subject at any level.
Our best price guarantee ensures that the features we offer cannot be matched by any of the competitors.
Get all your documents checked for plagiarism or duplicacy with us.
Get different kinds of essays typed in minutes with clicks.
Calculate your semester grades and cumulative GPa with our GPA Calculator.
Balance any chemical equation in minutes just by entering the formula.
Calculate the number of words and number of pages of all your academic documents.
Our Mission Client Satisfaction
Everything I ask for they deliver. Great website to use for all writing assignments!
bad work and unfocused tutor and not smart people that make you to deliver work not related to my order, i missed the deadline because of you horrible
I was hoping to get a better grade, but I\'m fine with what I got, and did not end up with just a barely passing grade. Thank you for your cooperation!
Thank you for your help. I will ask for more help from your team. ........................