How a Bill Becomes a Law?
Situation: Is This Something Than Can Be Legislated?
- Identify the problem/concern: Mandatory overtime as a recruitment tool poses potential harm for the safety and care given to patients. This is not just a threat to patients at large but also to Nurses. There is a need of a legislative tool that is against the mandatory overtime of the Nurses employed.
- State your proposal/idea. The concept of mandatory overtime of nurses is the most common problem they face. This has led to staffing insufficiencies. Federal legislations have placed limitations on the work time in other industries. However, there is no legislation in the field on nursing to restrict mandatory overtime. Therefore, the proposal is to make a defined law that does not restrict nurses for mandatory overtime.
Background: Do Your Research
- Include studies, reports, personal experience, or anecdotal stories related to your proposal. The American Nurses Association surveyed of nearly 5000 nurses conducted in the year 2000 exposed that more than 67 % are working unintended overtime every month. A report commissioned by the Health Care Research and Quality in the year 2003 depicted that long work hours have posed serious threat to both the patients as well as the patients.
- Has there been similar legislation introduced and/or passed in other states? If so, include it. In New York, Restrictions on Consecutive Hours of Work for Nurses law (effective July 1, 2009), is enacted. In Pennsylvania, the Prohibition of Excessive Overtime in Health Care was enacted to restrict the working hours of the nurses. In the year 2009, Texas passed mandatory overtime restrictions (Bae & Kovner, 2012).
Assessment: Finances And Stakeholders
- Identify financial impact if any (e.g., added costs, cost savings, increased revenue): The growth in overtime work however is a boon to the US health results. But, there is a conceded unhealthy cost that never can be accommodated. Annual work hours are more than 4% per hour. Practically, every industry within the bellwether-manufacturing sector has reached a record by the end of the year 1990 (Kleiner & Schömann, 2015).
- Identify stakeholder groups that would support this bill: Nurses, patients and nurses association are the stakeholders in this issue as it can directly affect their safety. The prolonged working hours causes threat to both the patients as well the nurses.
- Identify people/groups that would oppose this bill: The groups and people that would oppose the Bill are hospital organization. It is the hospital and there in charge, that will have to bear infrastructural costs.
- Make an appointment with your legislator to discuss your proposal.
Bae, S. H., Brewer, C. S., & Kovner, C. T. (2012). State mandatory overtime regulations and newly licensed nurses’ mandatory and voluntary overtime and total work hours. Nursing outlook, 60(2), 60-71.
Kleiner, S., Schunck, R., & Schömann, K. (2015). Different Contexts, Different Effects? Work Time and Mental Health in the United States and Germany. Journal of health and social behavior, 56(1), 98-113.