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Task (a)

Connor Worpel is a Human Resources consultant with specific expertise in anti-discrimination policy and practice in the workplace. His consultancy is doing well, but he is always keen to engage new clients and create opportunities.

One Saturday, at his brother Blake’s engagement celebration, Connor is approached by Harry Nash, a business owner, who Connor has met previously at his brother’s 21st Birthday celebration. Harry explains to Connor that he could use Connor’s expertise as he is looking to revamp his employee procedures and bring them up to date. Connor expresses his interest in the work and Harry tells Connor that he is pleased and will email him on Monday with a proposal.

On Monday morning, Harry sends Connor the following email:

Dear Connor,

After thinking further about your potential involvement in the employee procedures revamp for my business, I want to bring you on board as Human Resources consultant as I am mindful that new anti-discrimination legislation has been enacted and want to make sure that my business is compliant. The terms of the engagement are that you will provide exclusive services for two weeks, starting on 1st August 2018, working onsite with me and the assistant manager. You will be paid a one off fee of $28,000 which includes undercover parking for the duration.

Please indicate your acceptance in writing by the end of the day or I will assume that you are not interested.

Kind regards

Harry Nash.

An hour after the email is sent, Connor reads it and is happy with the terms of the proposal. He drafts an email to Harry detailing his acceptance of the offer, but because of a service interruptions caused by National Broadband Network (NBN) work in his street, Connor’s email is not working and he is unable to send the message to Harry. In desperation, Connor then tries to call Harry on his mobile phone to tell him that he wants the work, but Harry doesn’t answer, and Connor is not given the option to leave a message. As a last resort, Connor drafts a letter to Harry communicating his acceptance of the offer proposed. He then takes the letter to the local post office and posts it at 3.30pm on Monday afternoon. The letter takes a day to be delivered to Harry and he receives it on Tuesday afternoon.

On Wednesday, Harry realises that he has offered to pay Connor more than he should have (he has spent the morning searching for Human Resource Consultants in his local area and now has a much better understanding of costs and services available) and therefore does not want to engage Connor anymore. He quickly sends an email to Connor (whose email is back on line following the completion of the NBN work in his street) saying that because he didn’t receive Connor’s acceptance by the end of Monday, Connor has missed out on the work according to the original email but thanks anyway. Interestingly, Harry also states in his email that he never meant for the proposal to be taken seriously anyway because he was only trying to help out his good friend Blake by throwing Connor some work. Connor is most upset upon receiving this email from Harry and calls his lawyer for advice on the situation.

Using the four step process, discuss the element of agreement required for the formation of a legally binding contract between Connor and Harry.

Assume that the element of agreement required for the formation of a legally binding contract between Connor and Harry can be satisfied. Using the four-step process, consider whether the elements of consideration and intention required for an enforceable contract are present.

Task (a)

Whether there is an agreement between Harry and Connor?

An agreement is said to be in existence between two parties when there is an offer made by one party to another and the other party accepts the offer made to it. An agreement is meeting of minds whereby one party shows its intention to be in agreement with the other by giving an offer and the other party accepts the offer by showing its intention to be in agreement with the person making an offer. (Latimer 2016)

The two ingredients which make up an agreement are explained in detail below:

Offer - An offer is a proposal which is given by one party (offeror) to the other party (offeree) in order to formulate an agreement. An offer must be specific and not an ambiguous and it is then only the same is considered to be a valid offer. An offer may be in oral or written form. An offeror by his proposal gives his set of terms upon which he wants an offeree to accept his offer (Harvey v Facey 1893). An offer can be made to world at large or to a specific person but the offer is said to be concluded when it comes within the knowledge of an offeree (Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Co [1893 1893). When an offer is made for specific period of time then it is said to lapse after the expiry of such period (Dickinson v Dodds 1876). (Gibson and Fraser 2013)

Acceptance – An acceptance is said to occur when an offer made by an offeror is assented too or confirmed by an offeree as per the terms of an offer. An acceptance must be clear and specific. It must be made before the lapse or expiry of an offer. Acceptance is complete when it is communicated to an offeror (Entores Ltd v Miles Far Eastern Corp 1955). An acceptance must be same and equal to an offer. In case the acceptance is there but with a variation in offer, then, the said acceptance is not an acceptance and gives rise to a counter offer, which becomes a new offer (Hyde v Wrench 1840). When the offeror states that the acceptance must be in proper manner or mode then in such case the acceptance is said to be complete when the acceptance is made in that particular manner only. But if there is slight variation in the manner of acceptance then such acceptance is valid acceptance (Tinn v Hoffman 1873). An agreemnst is said to be concluded when the accepatnec comes within the knowledge of an offeror. In case of acceptanec by pos,t the acceptance is concluded when the letter with regard to acceptance is posted (Adams v Lindsell 1818). It does not matter when it reaches but when it is put in transit then acceptance is said to be complete. (Gibson and Fraser 2013)

Connor at his brother engagement met Harry. At the function negotiations took place between them. Harry told Connor that he is willing to revamp his employee procedures. Harry on this told Connor that on Monday he will send a proposal with regard to same to Connor.

Task (b)

Harry sends an email on Monday to Connor and states that he is willing to appoint Connor on his board as a Human Resource consultant. Harry stated that Connor will provide him with exclusive services for 2 weeks from 1st August 2018. Connor will have to work onsite with his assistant manager and him. The fee of $28,000 was also stated by him for the said services which included undercover parking.  The above proposal is an intention on the part of Harry to enter into an agreement with Connor, hence same is an offer and the said offer is complete when Connor reads the mail of Harry.

As Harry had stated that Connor should send his acceptance in writing by the end of day else Harry will assume that Connor does not wish to move further. In this case Connor sends his acceptance by way of a letter as his mail was not working due to defective NBN services. He also called up Harry but his phone was not answered by Harry. As the acceptance was in writing hence the same is valid as it was made on same day (Dickinson v Dodds 1876). As Harry only stated that the acceptance must be in writing hence acceptance was made through post hence due to slight deviation in mode of acceptance also the same is termed as a valid acceptance (Tinn v Hoffman 1873). As per postal acceptance rule the acceptance is complete when the letter regarding acceptance is put in course of transit (Adams v Lindsell 1818). It does not matter when the letter is received by Harry. The acceptance is said to be complete when the letter is posted, hence there is an agreement between two of them. So on Wednesday harry cannot revoke his offer as it had already been accepted by Connor on Monday.

Conclusion

Hence there is a conclusive agreement between Harry and Connor as Connor had accepted the offer of Harry in the mode in which he wished within specific time frame.

Whether the agreement amid Harry and Connor is supported with legal intention and consideration?

To form a valid agreement there should be presence of offer and agreement (Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Co [1893 1893). But, mere agreement (offer and acceptance) is not enforceable and to convent any agreement into contract there should be legal intonation and consideration amid the parties to support the promises made.

When the offer and acceptance are exchanged amid the parties, then it is very necessary that the promises must bring some benefit or some disadvantage to the parties. There should be some change in the position of the parties when the promises are made and this gain/loss to hold the promises enforceable if consideration in law and is held in (Thomas v Thomas 1842). The consideration is not required to be adequate to be enforceable in l.aw. In (Chappell & Co Ltd v Nestlé Co Ltd 1960) it was submitted by the court that the only requirement to consider that the consideration is valid is that it has some sufficiency in the eyes of law. The consideration might not justify the value of the promises but it is sufficient to hold the promises valid in law. In the leading case of (Dunton v Dunton 1892), the court held that it is the promisor from where the consideration should move and from any outsider. There is no value if past consideration and the same is invaid and is held in (Harrington v Taylor 1945). (Latimer 2016)

Even when there is conisderation to make te offer and acceptance enforceable, but, every communication of promises should be made with legal intention and is held in (Ermogenous v Greek Orthodox Community 2002). When the parties are in commercial/business relation then as per (Esso Petroleum Ltd v Commissioners of Customs and Excise 1976), the court found the presence of legal intention generally. But, when the parties share family relation, then as per (Woodward v Johnston 1992), the relationship is hold with no legal intention. This general rule is not static and is rebuttable as is held in (Todd v Nicol 1957) that the parties in family are in contract as the promises are made with legal intention. (Gibson and Fraser 2013)

The facts reveal that there are numerous negotiation that are exchanged amid harry and Connor through mails wherein valid offers and acceptance are made. So, there is presence of agreement between the two.

Both Harry and Connor met at an engagement part of the brother of Conner, Blake. On Monday, an email was sent by Harry to Conner through which a valid offer is communicated amid the parties. The offer that was sent by harry to Conner was affirmed by Connor by sending a letter of acceptance and that has resulted in the binding agreement amid the parties there and then, that is, at the time of the post of the letter of acceptance by Connor. Now, since the agreement is made amid them so, both the parties are bound by the agreement terms. When the offer is made, then, in order to support the promise, it was submitted by Harry (promisor) that he will gave $28,000 to Conner if Connor accept the offer and in return provide his services to Harry. Thus, Harry is giving money in exchange of seeking services from Conner. Thus, a monetary benefit if received by Conner then a detriment of money is caused to Harry but a benefit of services will be received by Harry (Dunton v Dunton 1892). Thus, the presence of money to support the promises of Harry and Connor is valid and the same is made at the time when the promises are made and is nit past as per (Harrington v Taylor 1945) and thus is valid in law.

It is further, submitted that when Harry has made an offer to Connor, then, at that time he was not a strange to Connor. They both have already met before the engagement party of Blake (at the birthday part of Blake) and Harry is aware that Connor provide services in which harry is interested. It is submitted that Harry is interested in seeking the services of Connor and wanted Connor to be part of his board and in order to seek the services, a promise is made to gave $28,000 in return of seeking services. Thus, when the offer is made by Harry then there is clear intention that he is not asking for any gratuitous service but is willing to pay due amount so that Connor take the offer of Harry seriously. So, the offer made by harry has legal intention.

Further, Conner when submitted his acceptance by post then he is also not willing to provide his services for free but wanted the money in exchange of the services. He is so willing to accept the offer that he sends his acceptance by post. So, when the acceptance is made there is legal intention on the part of Connor to be bound by the promises.

So, the promises which are made by Harry and Connor are made with legal intention and there is no relevance that both of them have earlier met at the birthday party of Blake.

There is legal intention amid the parties.

Conclusion

There is presence of consideration of $28,000 when the offer and acceptance are exchanged amid Harry and Connor and the promises are made with legal intention.

Adams v Lindsell . (1818).

Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Co [1893. (1893).

Chappell & Co Ltd v Nestlé Co Ltd . (1960).

Dickinson v Dodds . (1876).

Dunton v Dunton . (1892).

Entores Ltd v Miles Far Eastern Corp . (1955).

Esso Petroleum Ltd v Commissioners of Customs and Excise . (1976).

Excise, Esso Petroleum Ltd v Commissioners of Customs and. 1976. 

Gibson, Andy, and Douglas Fraser. Business Law 2014. Pearson Higher Education AU, 2013.

Harrington v Taylor. (1945).

Harvey v Facey . (1893).

Hyde v Wrench . (1840).

Latimer, Paul. Australian Business Law 2016. Oxford University Press, 2016.

Thomas v Thomas . (1842).

Tinn v Hoffman . (1873).

Todd v Nicol . (1957).

Woodward v Johnston . (1992).

Cite This Work

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My Assignment Help. (2021). Formation Of Contract With Connor Worpel And Harry Nash: Case Study. Retrieved from https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/blo1105-business-law/an-agreement-between-harry-and-connor.html.

"Formation Of Contract With Connor Worpel And Harry Nash: Case Study." My Assignment Help, 2021, https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/blo1105-business-law/an-agreement-between-harry-and-connor.html.

My Assignment Help (2021) Formation Of Contract With Connor Worpel And Harry Nash: Case Study [Online]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/blo1105-business-law/an-agreement-between-harry-and-connor.html
[Accessed 16 July 2024].

My Assignment Help. 'Formation Of Contract With Connor Worpel And Harry Nash: Case Study' (My Assignment Help, 2021) <https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/blo1105-business-law/an-agreement-between-harry-and-connor.html> accessed 16 July 2024.

My Assignment Help. Formation Of Contract With Connor Worpel And Harry Nash: Case Study [Internet]. My Assignment Help. 2021 [cited 16 July 2024]. Available from: https://myassignmenthelp.com/free-samples/blo1105-business-law/an-agreement-between-harry-and-connor.html.

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