Construction management is a service that is done professionally which involves using project management techniques to manage and design a task in the intention of having a viewable outlook of the project within a given period of time. The work of the construction management is to ensure the timeline is followed and the cost of materials used is workable and does not exceed in the set targets and the quality is of the highest order in order to have the client in a jovial mood. They are well adapted with the project delivery systems but they are kept for the large scale high budget undertakings as they plan and manage accordingly thus their main responsibility is set as being answerable to the owner and to a successful undertaking of the project Wallace (2011).
There are site development principles that are followed up as they are in the stage followed by preparing a draft. In which it is a method that incorporates all needs of the users and takes into account all factors that are involved in influencing the operation management of the market. In setting up a site there are factors that are to be put into consideration Baumann (2014).
Gathering design data, this comes about as the necessary information required by the constructors need to know the social, institutional and physical factors that ought to be looked at when preparing the location for the working. These points include the maps for the locations which shows how the land is its geometry so as they can determine which type of ground it’s on if its sloped, flat or hilly. Also on this note it helps to show surrounding land uses and the buildings that are around the site and also indicate the drainage systems.
Organizing land uses, the reason for this is to be able to look at the opinions of the users and how the projected site can be used to be in favor of what they love doing and if it can fit in the planning module function and optimize its efficiency. There is also the planning of vehicular access and its circulation this is an easy access to the users that are the people who will be situated in the premises having this virtue allows one to know and have an easy way of commuting from a point A to B with no problems Baumann (2014). Also, there is the parking issue where there ought to be enough room for parking for types of personnel be it the customers or the workers of the organization, having a good ambience harboring a functional parking space eases the problems of too much struggles to reach the set destination.
The final step is known as finalizing the site plan this is In regards to the factors already pinpointed out on the previous points. The major factors that are drawn up are the dimensions of the market section should be checked and put into place in terms of optimal sizes of the building and also the capacity of the drainage reserves Hiser (2007).
The tender stage
It harbors the human and physical resources that are needed to carry out an assignment in regards to a contract. There is the pretender team that is comprised of individuals who make a lot of points in trying to see whether the information they have if believable and whether the set targets can be achieved so as the contract can be handled with ease and completed in fluidity. An estimator is a critical person here as they contribute by giving advice in regards to the costs in general from the constructional proposals passed out but does so when he has the method statements. It is a very good process as with what he does it is essential in the estimation of price process. The main part is that the estimate is only part of the tendering process and it should not be taken as the final meaningful quotation as other costs may be encountered Baumann & Schneider (2014).
The review is on the RMD pain relief and palliative care trust that was started in the year 2005. It is established in achieving creating awareness in the community, provides education and training and also maintaining the care hospitals and hospices. The palliative care is a branch which deals with cancer and chronic pulmonary disorders thus the setting up of this project is of detrimental help as it helps the community be able to deal with the outage of diseases and try to curb them before they go out of hand. This also acts as a way where the community gets help as it does not have the capability to build up a hospital or even have the monetary aspect to start it off.
The hospital infrastructure will have a capability to house 50 beds of which 30 will be the emergency beds whereas the rest become transit and rest beds. They shall be arranged according to the hospital wards and the transit shall be in place of emergency, ICU and the life care areas.
The schedule of implementation is as the first four months act as stage one where the contractors go and locate the site for the setup gauge it and they call up the earth movers to start the earth excavation where there is sand filling and the burrowing for a well to act as a water supply to the project and also in time of completion will also function as the hospital well. Here they also put up the column rise that’s located at the basement level here it acts as the support of the whole construction thus it takes most time here as a weak foundation means the whole infrastructure can collapse thus proper assessment Is carried out on this part Hiser (2007).
The stage 2 also runs under a four-month schedule and includes the first column rise, the roof concrete, the ceiling plastering and also of the walls. There is also the electrical work which is started and also the wood works I the interiors this is so as the construction now is fully firm and is in the process of the outward appearance getting nearly completed.
Stage three in accordance to the four-month period it involves the floor plastering in the first floor, continuation of the electrical working and incorporates pipeline work and the plumbing. when this is carried out it leads to the final stage where medical equipment’s are purchased and are checked to confirm how long they can stay so as not to have a restock of substandard goods due to due date being really close.
Under project viability there are the SWOT analysis that’s carried out in order to see whether the site is of importance and what it has done for the community around it as it is a unique project its strengths include the rural location will serve the poor who are not being able to get any medical care as they are far in deep the rural areas that no services can easily be rendered. It brings about a specialized referral hospital which also doubles up as a self-sustaining project, this acts as a strength as it means it can be able to continue development of itself without having to stall due to arising problems. it brings about job opportunities as the hospital will require drivers, doctors, teachers, cooks and technicians from the community thus making the people from the community be able to have a livelihood Jackson (2008).
The location being in a rural environment brings about not being viewed as a referral Centre due to the immediate catchment areas. There is also having the need to train more personnel so as to be able to understand what to do and what not to do as it is a new field thus there shall be a lot of time spent. Another limitation is the fact that it has 50 beds this form a limitation on expansion.
International organizations link up with the health institution to help it in being able to offer its services to the people in the rural area. It also leads to making it a Centre of scope in regards to research. Another opportunity is working with the health state society. Provides community based palliative care and end of life care to the entire location as it broadens the angle of getting medicine and having a checkup carried out by the doctors Wallace (2011).
This are what oppose the normal functionality of the organization it’s in regards to aspects like fear of patients being aware that they are ill, the community threats also play a factor as some communities do not allow the aspect of medicines being used and also the harboring of hospitals.
The health and safety legislation requirements needed to provide a safe site in regards to the workplace health safety which is also referred to as the occupational health and safety it involves the gathering of data and assessing it to see what risks that may impact one’s health, welfare and safety. The purpose of these regulations is to ensure that safety and health of the personnel’s working under the construction management are catered for and are given the right gear to use when working so as not to jeopardize their welfares. The protocols set in play are to clarify and strengthen the mandates of all people in regards to project supervisors, designers, employees and contractors. There are attributes that encourage a good working employee in terms of following up to standards of safety such as having fall protection this is a safety hazard as when on construction site the workers have the tendencies to lean on the side so as to try to reach all angles of a building and in the process, they can trip and fall, due to this there was the inclusion of the fall protection clause as there ought to be something to hold the person to limit his/her fall. There is also the virtue of introducing ladders in construction sites in order for the workers to be able to climb up easily to reach their targets without having to compromise themselves in climbing walls. Fall protection training is a good deal as it tries to show how one should protect themselves in case of an accident so as to reduce the injury state. Following these rules and mandates handed out by the construction boards of countries it helps increase the safety standards that are at construction sites and also improves their health status as now they cannot get sick easily as also they are given dust masks to limit inhale of the dust brought up during building Jackson (2008).
The requirements needed to stabilize and get to have a healthy construction site is to have traffic management this ensure that the vehicles in the premises do not injure the personnel who are visiting the site. There is also the aspect of protecting the public which covers specific measures for protecting members of the public in regards to personnel being on the site. Another aspect is being able to manage the removal of waste materials and having a proper waste management program that helps prevent hazards from taking place. There is also the aspect of welfare where one meets one’s legal requirements for the proposed facilities on the construction sites in the aspect of washing rooms and lavatories. The last point is the administration which keeps the paper work and ensure the site is managed legally and appropriately.
The construction companies have tried improving the working conditions of their workers as they see and know that a happy working force is much better than an angry one as activities to be carried out are done smoothly and well without having to force in duties so as to have a smooth flowing organization. Some of the factors that affect the workers is cancer, this is a vivid fact as it is the most occurrent sickness amongst the constructional workers as it accounts for over 40% of deaths in terms of occupational cancer. There is also the hazardous substances which include chemicals and dust particles which are common in the working area of construction sites as some of the jobs undertaken emit this chemicals which are then inhaled by the unsuspecting workers who end up getting sick due to the chemicals reacting with their bodies. Another fact is the physical health risks which is accounted by the virtue skilled construction and the art of building has the highest numbers of people who end up with serious back injuries and upper limb disorders this is due to the strenuous working the workers undergo.
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